China News Service, Nanchang, March 5 (Wu Fayang) A reporter learned from the Jiangxi Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology on the 5th that many relics were found during the rescue archaeological excavation of the Huangjinshan Ship Cargo Site in Duchang, Jiangxi, mainly blue and white porcelain.

Among the specimens that have been sorted out, there are 21,962 pieces of blue and white porcelain, accounting for 98.9%.

  It is understood that the site is located in the waters of the Golden Mountain of Poyang Lake, Duchang County, Jiujiang City, Jiangxi Province.

In 2022, the water level of Poyang Lake dropped by tens of meters, a large area of ​​the lake bed was exposed, and relics of the Yuan Dynasty were exposed.

From November 2022 to January 2023, the Jiangxi Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology, together with the School of History and Cultural Heritage of Xiamen University, Duchang County Museum, Jiujiang Museum, Lushan Museum and other units, conducted rescue archaeological excavations on the site. The excavation area was 500 square meters. square meters.

  Archaeological excavations have unearthed a wealth of relics at the site, including ceramics, stone tools, iron tools and bronze tools.

Ceramics are mainly blue and white glaze, with a few white glazes, black glazes, underglaze red glazes, celadon glazes, Longquan celadon glazes and sauce brown glazes.

The shapes of utensils include bottles, jars, bowls, lamps, cups, lamps, dishes, stoves, three-legged stoves, lotus leaf-shaped lids, etc.

The overall era characteristics of Chushui relics are obvious. The shape, glaze characteristics, mounting and firing methods and decorative patterns of the blue and white porcelain are highly similar to the blue and white porcelain of the Yuan Dynasty unearthed from the Hutian Kiln Site and Luomaqiao Kiln Site in Jingdezhen.

The picture shows the distribution of porcelain fragments at the bottom of Poyang Lake from the Huangjinshan Ship Cargo Site in Duchang, Jiangxi Province.

(Information map, photo provided by interviewee)

  Zhang Wenjiang, director and research librarian of the Ancient Ceramics Research Center of the Jiangxi Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology, speculated that the Duchang Huangjinshan Ship Cargo Site was a site in the early Yuan Dynasty that mainly shipped blue and white porcelain, with a small amount of Jizhou kiln black glaze and Zhejiang Longquan kiln celadon glaze. Such as the underwater ship cargo ruins, the ruins may have been formed in 20 years around 1300 AD.

  Zhang Wenjiang said that the Duchang Huangjinshan Ship Cargo Site is the first underwater site to be excavated by scientific archeology in Jiangxi Province.

The relics unearthed from the site not only reflect the porcelain industry in southern China during the Yuan Dynasty, but also bear witness to the prosperity of the Yuan Dynasty kiln industry in Jingdezhen and the huge production volume of Jingdezhen kilns.

  He also believes that the Duchang Huangjinshan Ship Cargo Site has witnessed the status of Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China, as a shipping center, and proved that Poyang Lake was an important node on the ancient south-to-north route.

The cargo unearthed from the site includes blue and white porcelain from Jingdezhen in Jiangxi, black-glazed porcelain from Jizhou kiln, and celadon from Longquan kiln in Zhejiang, confirming that Poyang Lake is an important shipping node for porcelain from Longquan kiln in Zhejiang and Jizhou kiln in Jiangxi.