China News Service, Hefei, February 28 (Liu Honghe) How to detect "problems" such as autism, depression, and ADHD in children's growth earlier?

How can we better accurately diagnose and treat these obstacles and defect "problems" as early as possible?

On February 28, at the First Affiliated Hospital of the University of Science and Technology of China (hereinafter referred to as Anhui Provincial Hospital), Xu Guifeng, director of the Anhui Provincial Child Development and Behavior Center, was patiently screening children who came for diagnosis as usual.

  "The prevalence rate of developmental behavioral disorders in children is actually quite high. He may have one or more developmental behavioral disorders. According to the current domestic reported data, it is 17.5%. If such children are discovered and supported early, it will be beneficial to their future potential and social development. Adaptability, etc., all have positive significance." Xu Guifeng said.

Xu Guifeng, director of the Anhui Provincial Child Development and Behavior Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China, is screening children for developmental behavioral disorders.

Photo by Liu Honghe

  According to data from the China Disability Census report, there are currently more than 13 million people with autism in China, and the number is growing at a rate of nearly 200,000 per year. The incidence of autism ranks first among all types of mental disabilities.

In recent years, the number of children with various problems, including autism, has increased, and children with special needs are becoming younger.

  “Different developmental behavioral disorders include different symptoms, manifestations, and age at diagnosis, such as delayed language development or autism. These should be discovered very early in life during the interaction between parents and children. ." Xu Guifeng said, "For example, a child talks very late, or a child doesn't look at people or smile at people, or he ignores me when I call him. These are all very early symptoms, and so on. The problem needs to be paid attention to by parents. We will conduct routine screening of children. Through observations in the clinic and parents filling in questionnaires, we hope to find the problem early."

Xu Guifeng is conducting language and cognitive screening on children.

  According to Xu Guifeng, in addition to "problems" such as delayed language development and autism that need to be screened early in life, ADHD, learning disabilities, etc. mostly appear during school age. The feedback given by schools to parents should be taken seriously. The earlier they are discovered and intervened, the better The more helpful it is for children's growth.

  "For children with ADHD, in addition to routine medical treatment, family support is also very important. We will hold regular lectures to teach parents what to do in daily life." Xu Guifeng said, in addition, we also have psychotherapists who will Specifically designed to work with children, through games, sandboxes, etc., we provide corresponding support for children’s emotional expression, cognition, and understanding, including how to communicate with others.

  Xu Guifeng said that children's developmental behavioral disorders require the joint attention of the whole society. Once discovered, early intervention is required to avoid long-term adverse effects on children's growth.

  "Because many developmental behavioral problems require early intervention, the better his later prognosis will be. Therefore, on the one hand, parents need to improve their observation of all aspects of their children; second, when you find a problem, or When we are a little worried, when we go to the hospital for child care, we must communicate with the doctor in time to eliminate our concerns."

  At present, the Anhui Provincial Child Development and Behavior Center is the first in the province to carry out in-depth diagnosis, treatment and research of children's developmental behavioral problems, forming diagnostic and treatment characteristics for children with autism spectrum disorders and other diseases. It also actively carries out parent intervention guidance and education, and continues to release "medical educators" The combined linkage effect brings happiness and hope to more families.