Winter vacation homework can be deferred for two weeks, the vice principal of mental health enters the campus, and the first class of the semester helps students unload their "burden"... On February 26, Chengdu's primary and secondary schools entered the "school start time."

West China Metropolis Daily and cover news reporters found in many schools that scientific psychological empowerment and attention to "growing pains" have become more "on the same frequency" topics for teachers and students.

  New changes①

  The vice principal of health is here

  "Discover more of the children's strengths and don't always stand against them."

  In the 2024 Chengdu Municipal Government Work Report, students’ “growing pains” became a hot topic.

The government work report requires that we should effectively reduce the pressure of study, build a mental health protection network that is coordinated by home, school and community, increase the allocation rate of full-time psychological teachers in primary and secondary schools to 100%, enrich labor education practice activities in universities, secondary schools and primary schools, and let more children say goodbye "Little Anxiety".

  In the opening day of this year, there have been more intuitive changes in the school.

On February 26, at the opening ceremony of the primary school affiliated to Chengdu No. 7 Middle School, the children got to know the principal of law, vice principal of science and technology, vice principal of fire protection, vice principal of health, and the deputy principal of mental health who made his debut this year. headmaster.

  The vice president of mental health at the school is Professor Li Zhe, chief physician of the Mental Health Center of West China Hospital of Sichuan University and vice president of the Chengdu Home-School Education Association.

"Actually, we have participated in psychological lectures and consultation activities in primary and secondary schools before, but this is the first time this year that we have established a vice principal mechanism for mental health. This shows that from the government to schools to society, we are paying more and more attention to the health of students and teachers. Mental health." He said that the first task of "entering campus" is to conduct preliminary research and surveys to understand the needs of children.

We strive to allow students and parents to better participate in the maintenance of mental health through class meetings, lectures, etc. every month.

Psychological counseling is also provided to teachers every semester.

  Li Zhe said that from clinical observations, the prevalence of mental illness among minors is relatively high. Among outpatients and inpatients, this age group can reach 50%.

But he doesn't think that today's children are more vulnerable, but that the environment and pressure they experience are different from before.

Including the changes in concepts brought about by the Internet age and the development of big data, they have a great impact on children.

"They have a sense of boundaries, values ​​and perspectives, so in the process of psychological counseling, it is not necessarily about changing their behavior, but how adults understand them and how to accompany them? How to find a balance and fit point, Be able to empathize with your children." Li Zhe suggested that parents should discover more of their children's strengths instead of always finding faults and always standing against their children.

This means that educational concepts need to change and parents need to reflect more.

  New changes get kids talking about anxiety

  “I like to collect handbags from various stores, but my mother often says it’s not interesting.”

  On the morning of February 26, the first lesson of the school year with the theme "Heart of the Year of the Dragon Sets Sail" was held in Class 9, Grade 7, Xinjin District Foreign Languages ​​Experimental School, Chengdu.

This first lesson is a new change this year, using a relaxed way of introducing while chatting to let the children talk about their anxiety and remove their "baggage".

  "I like to collect hand-held paper bags from various stores. I think the patterns are beautiful. Although I don't know what they can be used for. But my mother often says that this is not interesting." A classmate shared his little "decompression" hobby .

"Next time mom talks about you, you can answer her, every generation is 'tattered'." The psychology teacher's humorous comments made the whole class laugh.

Interacting with the children was the propaganda team of the Mental Health Center of the Second People's Hospital of Xinjin District, Chengdu.

  Zhang Jing, deputy director of the Mental Health Center of the Second People's Hospital of Xinjin District, Chengdu, introduced that in the past year, the Xinjin District Minor Psychological Growth Center has carried out a number of mental health education activities in schools, including psychological crisis intervention for primary and secondary school teachers, and special children's psychology. Topics such as caring skills.

The 24-hour psychological consultation hotline set up by the center has answered thousands of consultation calls about the mental health of minors throughout the year.

  "We feel that many parents realize that they love their children very much, but they may not be doing it in the right way, and they need professional guidance. During our communication with children on campus, we found that the small anxieties children have may just change through the angle of speech. , can make them relax." Zhang Jing said that listening and counseling can effectively help children release stress.

  New changes③

  Pay attention to "two-way stress reduction"

  If teachers are overburdened, how can students be relaxed?

  Before the start of the spring semester, the Chengdu Municipal Education Bureau issued the "Notice on Preparing for the Opening of Primary and Secondary Schools and Kindergartens in the Spring Semester of 2024", which provides guidance on adjustments, home-school collaboration, campus safety and health prevention, mental health, and the implementation of "double reductions" Wait for specific arrangements to be made.

The "Notice" stipulates that the two weeks after the start of school will be the "homework deferment period". Teachers are not allowed to refuse students to come to school on the grounds that students have not completed their homework; except for the third grade of high school, various examinations and tests are not allowed to be held within two weeks after the start of school. , and shall not arbitrarily increase students' academic burden.

Schools should focus on risk points such as emotional problems caused by adjustment to school, psychological pressure caused by learning tasks, and parent-child conflicts, proactively identify students who need attention, and provide timely care and help.

  At the same time, through "exercise for one hour every day" and "listen for a quarter of an hour every day", students are guided to participate in sports for at least one hour every day, and students are encouraged to communicate effectively with classmates and family members for 15 minutes every day.

  Gao Shanfeng, a member of the Sichuan Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and president of the Sichuan Provincial School Culture Construction Research Association, believes that these new changes are to give children a change of "air" and help them remove their burdens, reduce their burdens, and move forward better.

  "In terms of methods, we must strive to carry out this work in a language that students can understand and in a form that they are interested in. We must not indoctrinate in a unilateral way. We must understand the students' emotions and needs on the premise of Enter their hearts and help them solve problems." Gao Shanfeng said that the natural state of "moisturizing things silently" should "resonate with the same frequency" as their growth.

At the same time, more attention should be paid to the physical and mental health of teachers.

Currently, front-line teachers in primary and secondary schools are faced with the dual dilemma of increasing work pressure and the need to improve their comprehensive capabilities. Various forms, various materials, and various traces make them physically and mentally exhausted.

Without healthy teachers, there can be no healthy students.

If teachers are overburdened, how can students be relaxed?

  West China Metropolis Daily - Photo report by cover news reporter Lai Fangjie