Today (26th), the new Yinxu Museum in Anyang, Henan, was officially opened.

On the shores of the Huan River, the still water flows deeply. The Huan River has witnessed the peak of China's bronze civilization more than 3,000 years ago. It has also witnessed the endless and uninterrupted inheritance of Chinese civilization to this day.

  The new Yinxu Museum covers an area of ​​262.5 acres, with a building scale of 51,000 square meters and an exhibition hall area of ​​about 22,000 square meters. It will display nearly 4,000 sets of bronzes, pottery, jades, oracle bones and other cultural relics. The number and types of cultural relics on display are huge. It is the most complete exhibition of cultural relics from the Shang Dynasty.

Among them, more than three-quarters of the precious cultural relics were unveiled for the first time, and a series of new archaeological results were displayed for the first time.

  In the more than 3,000 years of Chinese history recorded in classics, the Yin Ruins are the first capital ruins of the late Shang Dynasty in Chinese history with documented documents and confirmed by archaeological excavations. It has epoch-making significance in the history of civilization development.

  The new museum has three basic exhibitions, namely "Exploring Business Civilization", "Great Business Civilization" and "Business Civilization of the World", as well as four special exhibitions and a special immersive digital exhibition.

The archeology of the Yin Ruins that lasted for nearly a hundred years has reproduced the highly developed bronze civilization in East Asia more than 3,000 years ago.

From the known to the unknown, looking back on the exploration process of Shang civilization, the Yin Ruins are the starting point and cornerstone.

  The basic display will be open to the public for a long time, showing that several generations of Yin Ruins archaeologists have continued to advance and explore, and have achieved important excavation results again and again. The in-depth study of Xia and Shang cities provides a comparison for the study of Shang culture in different periods and regions. ruler.

Numerous precious cultural relics of various types debuted for the first time, reproducing the prosperous urban civilization of the Shang Dynasty, the complete civilization of rituals and music, the advanced bronze civilization, the splendid writing civilization and the superb technological civilization.

It comprehensively and systematically displays the style of my country's capital in the late Shang Dynasty, allowing the world to see the most glorious era in the early development stage of Chinese civilization - the Dayi Shang.

  Four distinctive thematic exhibitions bring more shock and thinking to the audience.

The oracle bone inscriptions unearthed at the Yin Ruins are the source of Chinese characters and the root of China's excellent traditional culture. They are an important symbol of Chinese civilization and carry the historical heritage and cultural genes of the Chinese nation.

It was the discovery of oracle bone inscriptions, the "originator of Chinese characters," that pushed forward the history of Chinese writing by about 1,000 years, demonstrated the continuity and unity of the Chinese nation, and became the cultural gene and spiritual symbol of the Chinese nation.

  In the first exhibition of "Who is the Son - Special Exhibition of Oracle Bones in Zhuangdong District, Yinxu Garden", you can see that the inscriptions on the deeds and divination records are neat and beautiful.

"Zi" is the inquirer of these divination records. He has a very close relationship with Shang King Wu Ding and Fu Hao, and has the supreme authority to order other princes and ministers of the Shang Dynasty.

The divination content "diary style" shows the daily life of the "zi", involving sacrifices, tribute, military affairs, hunting, banquets, dance and music and many other matters, vividly reproducing all aspects of the "prince" of the Shang Dynasty.

  "Where Did Chang Come From - The Special Exhibition Hall of Ya Chang's Tomb in Dongdia, Yinxu Huayuanzhuang" takes "Yachang", a great general from the Yin and Shang Dynasties, as the protagonist. Through the 577 cultural relics unearthed from Ya Chang's tomb, it vividly demonstrates his illustrious military exploits. , troop formation, daily life and other scenes.

The Yachang Tomb is the tomb with the largest number of funerary objects unearthed after the stepmother Hao Tomb in the Yin Ruins.

According to the inscription, the owner of the tomb is "Yachang".

The tomb is a microcosm of the life of the tomb owner when he was alive: the Gou Jue Ding Zun and Bi Cong Qi Jue reflect the high position and weight of the Ya Chang; the ax, sword, spear, chariots and horses show the Ya Chang's military power; the adze The chisel and shovel, the ring and the hairpin reproduce the life scenes of Ya Chang.

After unremitting exploration, archaeologists, like detectives, uncovered unknown historical facts that had been sealed for three thousand years, and presented a vivid and three-dimensional image of Ya Chang. This is Ya Chang's personality charm and the value of archaeology.

  "The chariots and horses rustled" the Yin Ruins chariot and horse relics exhibition. There are 23 chariot and horse pit relics in the exhibition hall, displayed in a matrix, which is shocking.

It displays the gorgeously decorated, exquisitely constructed and maneuverable carriages of the Shang Dynasty. It is the earliest physical specimen of a carriage seen in China and is a vivid interpretation of the Shang civilization more than 3,000 years ago.

After nearly a hundred years of exploration, more than 90 chariot and horse pits were unearthed in the Yin Ruins, recreating the appearance of carriages in the Shang Dynasty.

Horse-drawn carriages not only served as a means of transportation for the royal family and nobles, but also played an important role in relays, hunting trips, and carrying troops in battles.

Most of the carriages in the Yin Ruins were buried near large tombs or in tomb passages. Most of the carriages, horses, and people were buried together.

In the early days of the Yin Ruins, chariots and horse utensils were used to accompany burials. The number of chariots and horse utensils represented the number of carriages owned by the owner, witnessing the owner's status. In the later period, chariots and horses were buried with them exclusively for middle- and upper-class nobles, demonstrating the authority of the tomb owner and also the carriages. The germ of the funerary system.

  The "Immersive Digital Experience Exhibition Hall" uses advanced naked-eye 3D technology, VR technology, etc. to combine cultural relics, documents, oracle bone records with digital technologies such as artificial intelligence and multimedia. It combines reality and reality. Visitors can participate in immersive interactions and gain unique views. Exhibition experience.

  The Yinxu Museum has launched an online reservation window service platform and adopts a time-shifted peak-limited visit method to meet the needs of more tourists.

Opening hours: 8:30-17:30 (ticket sales stop at 16:30), open all year round (except for temporary closing announcements).

Currently, reservation channels are open to the public.

  (CCTV news client reporter Tian Yunhua, Zhao Yingchen and Yuan Yuan)