China News Service, Shanghai, February 23 (Reporter Chen Jing) In the hearts of Chinese people, the Lantern Festival on the 15th day of the first lunar month is the end of the Spring Festival holiday. Watching lanterns and eating Lantern Festival are traditional programs.

  How to eat Yuanxiao healthily?

Zhang Ming, director of the Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine at Shanghai Chest Hospital, said in an interview on the 23rd that don't treat Yuanxiao as a main meal, let Yuanxiao become a "supporting role"; when eating Yuanxiao, you can eat it with some crude fiber and foods that promote digestion.

  The expert said that Yuanxiao and glutinous rice balls are high-calorie, high-sugar foods that also contain oil, but lack vitamins, fiber and other nutrients.

The function of the gastrointestinal tract is weakest when you get up early, so eating Yuanxiao for breakfast can easily cause indigestion, acid reflux, heartburn and other symptoms, which will affect your work and life throughout the day.

After boiling, many nutrients in Yuanxiao, such as trace elements and nutrients, are dissolved in the soup.

Therefore, don’t forget to drink soup when eating Yuanxiao. This is the common saying of “turning the original soup into the original food”.

  He reminded the public that when eating Yuanxiao, you can eat some foods with crude fiber and promote digestion, such as celery, hawthorn, raw radish, etc.

Because crude fiber will promote gastrointestinal peristalsis, reduce the possibility of gastric discomfort caused by eating Yuanxiao, and also help promote the digestion and absorption of oil.

  What are the taboos on eating Yuanxiao?

Zhang Ming said that patients with gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers: It is best not to eat foods that are too sweet, so as not to increase gastric acid secretion and aggravate the irritation of the ulcer surface.

If symptoms such as abdominal pain occur, seek medical treatment in time and review gastroscopy if necessary; patients with acute gastroenteritis: their gastrointestinal tract is in a state of congestion and edema. Patients should eat rice soup, lotus root starch and other easily digestible foods. Eating glutinous rice balls will aggravate the condition. Gastrointestinal burden: People with gastrointestinal indigestion may cause stomach pain, bloating, belching, acid reflux and even diarrhea after eating. If the gastrointestinal symptoms worsen, diet should be controlled and infusion treatment should be carried out if necessary.

Patients with gastroesophageal reflux: It is recommended not to eat or eat less glutinous rice, sweet potatoes, nuts, chocolate, and coffee.

Because these foods may lead to reduced sphincter function in the gastroesophageal junction area or delayed gastric emptying, foods such as rice dumplings, rice cakes, yuanxiao, and fermented rice should not be eaten.

  On the same day, the reporter also interviewed Yang Fan, the attending physician of the Optometry Center of Shanghai Eye Disease Prevention and Treatment Center.

This expert bluntly said that during Lantern Festival dinners, high-oil, high-sugar, and high-fat diets will bring huge challenges to the blood sugar management of diabetic patients. If blood sugar is out of control, the occurrence or development of diabetic retinopathy will pose a serious threat to patients. poses a huge threat to eye health.

Yang Fan said that diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common ocular microvascular diseases in diabetes.

The main fundus manifestations of this disease are microaneurysm, exudation, neovascularization, macular edema, and in severe cases, fundus hemorrhage, retinal detachment, etc., which greatly threatens the patient's vision.