China News Service, Beijing, February 23: Title: Guo Moruo’s daughter recalls her father: Pick up a pen when you have a pen, and pick up a gun when you have a gun

  China News Service reporter Cheng Yu

  "This photo was left at Shaoguan Railway Station during the Northern Expedition. Guo Moruo looked very handsome in military uniform." Recently, Guo Shuying, Guo Moruo's daughter, showed a photo of her father during the Northern Expedition in an exclusive interview with a China News Service reporter. precious photos.

She told reporters that her father was not only a cultural man, but also a soldier and a revolutionary.

Guo Shuying showed reporters photos of her father from the Huangpu period.

Photo by Wang Chao

  On July 9, 1926, the National Revolutionary Army, with teachers and students from the Huangpu Military Academy as the main force, took the oath in Guangzhou, and the Northern Expedition officially began.

In the marching team, there was such a figure, a pair of glasses and a military uniform.

He was Guo Moruo, who had returned to China after studying in Japan and had already made considerable achievements in the literary world.

  "Guo Moruo's thoughts are very close to the social trend." Guo Shuying said that in 1924, his father translated "Social Organization and Social Revolution" written by the Japanese economist Kawakami Hajime, and in the process he became familiar with the ideas of Marxism-Leninism. More direct contact and understanding.

In 1926, Guo Moruo met Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai in Guangzhou, and also gave lectures at the Peasant Movement Training Center.

"When revolutionary military activities required it, he contributed his strength and stood at the front of the team. He participated in the Northern Expedition for the sake of the nation, the country, and society."

  A scholar who wrote and joined the army.

During the march, Guo Moruo cooperated tacitly with Deng Yanda, who had served as the education director of Huangpu Military Academy and the then director of the General Political Department of the National Revolutionary Army.

Responsible for publicity work, he was always able to boost the morale of the soldiers and was promoted repeatedly.

The Northern Expeditionary Army was unstoppable along the way. After capturing Wuhan, the Kuomintang and the Communist Party decided to establish the Wuhan branch of the Whampoa Military Academy in Wuhan.

Deng Yanda, who is also the principal of the branch, specially hired his close "strategist" Guo Moruo to serve as the political instructor of the military school.

Guo Shuying, the daughter of Guo Moruo, was interviewed by reporters.

Photo by Li Chen

  "He also has a very close relationship with Deng Yanda, and they share the same political views and tendencies. He also advocates political propaganda and education."

Guo Shuying said that in the past, his father often used speeches and other methods to inspire soldiers, hoping that the young Huangpu soldiers could play a strong role in the armed struggle and the development of the times.

  The revolutionary situation continued to develop. After learning the truth about Chiang Kai-shek's massacre of Communists and revolutionary people, Guo Moruo ignored Chiang Kai-shek's solicitation and secretly left under the pseudonym "Gao Haoran".

In early April 1927, an article criticizing Chiang Kai-shek titled "Look at Chiang Kai-shek Today" appeared in newspapers and caused a huge response.

  "The headquarters is the base camp of the counterrevolution and a massacre where people are massacred." Guo Shuying repeated the sentences of the slogan. She said that in the social background ruled by strong reactionary forces, there is such a sharp article, in It caused great repercussions in the society.

"So Chiang Kai-shek was very angry. At that time, there were only three Communists named for sentencing, one was Mao Zedong, one was Zhou Enlai, and the other was Guo Moruo."

  Just ten days after the article was written, Chiang Kai-shek launched the "April-Two" counter-revolutionary coup that shocked China and the world.

Guo Moruo immediately participated in the Nanchang Uprising and joined the Communist Party of China when retreating south.

"He has long seen that China needs the Communist Party. That was at the low ebb of the revolution, and he was still enthusiastic about joining the Communist Party of China. I think he was very determined."

  In 1937, the Anti-Japanese War broke out.

Guo Moruo, who had been in exile in Japan for ten years, returned to his motherland and joined the anti-Japanese and national salvation movement.

At this time, during the second period of cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, he emerged as a non-party person and served as the director of the Third Department of the Political Department of the Military Commission of the Nationalist Government, under the direct leadership of Zhou Enlai, the then Vice Minister of the Political Department.

Guo Shuying, the daughter of Guo Moruo, was interviewed by reporters.

Photo by Li Chen

  "He was a lieutenant general at that time and was responsible for anti-Japanese propaganda in society." Guo Shuying said that his father was very active at that time. His speech ability was very strong and his voice was loud and could reach the masses far away.

“Including calling on many people to raise funds, he played a big role.”

  Foreign aggression is currently underway and the war is in full swing.

However, the Kuomintang die-hards orchestrated the Wannan Incident in 1941, resulting in the heroic sacrifice of thousands of New Fourth Army soldiers.

In the next year and a half, Guo Moruo created six historical dramas including "Qu Yuan", which pointed to the pain points of the times.

The historical drama was performed in Chongqing. Many people carried their bed rolls and slept in the streets to queue up to buy tickets to watch the performance. It was a sensation.

"In "Ode to Thunder and Lightning" in "Qu Yuan" it is written, 'Electricity, you, the sword in the sky, will split the forces of darkness! Split! Split!'" Guo Shuying said, this is to use Qu Yuan's mouth to say the right thing. A kind of dissatisfaction in the dark society at that time mobilized everyone's emotions and played a role in the past and the present.

  During the War of Resistance Against Japan and the War of Liberation, Guo Moruo used pens instead of guns and left many classic works.

After the founding of New China, Guo Moruo served as president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and vice chairman of the World Peace Council... While participating in a large number of state affairs, he also continued literary and artistic creation.

In 1963, Guo Moruo moved into an elegant courtyard on Qianhai West Street in Beijing.

Guo Shuying walks in Guo Moruo's former residence.

Photo by Li Chen

  "When a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred birds sing, the most important thing is to introduce the old and create the new. After looking at the peonies and autumn chrysanthemums, the four seasons will always be as good as spring." In front of Guo Moruo's former residence, such a poem written by him is engraved.

Guo Shuying said that her father liked plants and planted some peonies and yellow flowers in the yard where he lived.

"He can be regarded as an encyclopedic figure. I remember that when we asked him a question, he quoted scriptures, ran from this room to that room, looked for this book and that book, and explained it clearly to you."

  Guo Moruo left behind more than 10,000 words of writings in his lifetime and made great achievements in many fields such as poetry, calligraphy, drama, and translation.

In any historical period, he was not confined to his study, but always had a high level of revolutionary spirit and fighting spirit.

  "I think 'son of the times' fits him very well. From joining the Whampoa Military Academy, participating in the Northern Expedition, and later participating in the August 1st Nanchang Uprising, in the wheel of revolution, he always passionately organized young people to play a role at the forefront." Guo Shuying said. , which is consistent with his basic world view of serving the country and the people.

"He said something like this, 'Put a pen when you have a pen, and carry a gun when you have a gun. This is the most interesting life.'" (End)