The surprising interaction between a girl and a lion dance team hit the screen, and the "big traffic" of folk intangible cultural heritage generated positive energy

Lingnan lion dance vs Jiangnan dragon dance, whose DNA is moved when the child reaches out?

  During the Spring Festival, a short video hit the screen - on the streets of Jieyang, Guangdong, a 7-year-old girl was practicing lion dance in front of a store. A truck carrying a lion dance team happened to pass by, and the team members impromptuly beat gongs, drums, and shouted to cheer... The whole neighborhood seemed like It became a stage for their interaction, and the warm scene of surprise and sharing moved many netizens. Coincidentally, many ancient towns, business districts and communities in Shanghai staged distinctive dragon and lion dances during the New Year, which were full of positive energy. On the first day of school yesterday, primary and secondary school students in Shanghai performed the Year of the Dragon gesture dance to try out the dragon dance. New Year paper-cutting and rubbing, etc., feel the charm of New Year customs in a festive and warm atmosphere.

  Lingnan Lion Dance vs. Jiangnan Dragon Dance, when the children stretched out their hands, whose DNA was moved? To help intangible cultural heritage and folk customs enter the public eye, what can be used to "put the finishing touch" on its inheritance? After the Spring Festival, can folk culture continue to be popular and integrated into contemporary daily life?

  "From the popularity of girls' lion dance videos to the appearance of British songs and dances on the streets of London, the influence of Chinese festival folklore is increasingly outside the circle. Only by striving to discover the essence of traditional culture and leveraging Internet social platforms to attract fans can we make intangible cultural heritage alive and popular in the present. Promote exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations." Bi Xuling, director of the Folklore Research Office of the Institute of Literature, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, said in an interview that it coincides with the Year of the Dragon in the Lunar Calendar. The images of dragons and lions not only contain human beings' ideal pursuits, but also transcend ordinary reality. Life can resonate with people from different cultural backgrounds and is a three-dimensional and rich carrier of national culture. In the Internet era, tapping "big traffic" to generate positive energy can be regarded as an effective path for the inheritance and development of intangible cultural heritage.

Nuanxin Tongfang has become popular, opening up new paths to "get out of the circle" and "break the wall"

  “I burst into tears instantly! The little girl lowered her head three times to express her respect and gratitude to her predecessors. It’s so heartwarming to be in the same frame like this, and cultural inheritance flows naturally between generations.” “Cultural confidence is not false, it lies in the spirit of leaping high. On the dragon..." The high praise comments in the video message area conveyed the national pride of netizens.

  The dragon, symbolized by the Chinese earth, represents auspiciousness, holiness and power; the lion symbolizes bravery, strength and heroism. The images and characteristics of these creatures occupy a decisive position in Chinese civilization. "In the process of shaping the images of dragons and lions, the ancient Chinese instilled various concepts, including aesthetics, world view, outlook on life, etc., and also created many myths and legends, which contain ideals common to mankind." Bi Xuling said, after dotting the eyes The auspicious beast is endowed with life energy and embodies the longing for a better life. Lion dance techniques such as head-waving and tail-wagging, up-and-down flipping, twisting and falling, combine strength and softness, and are highly ornamental and artistically appealing.

  It is undeniable that most traditional intangible cultural heritage skills rely on family inheritance and hand-to-heart teaching. More and more inheritors realize that it is necessary to break the bottlenecks such as lack of successors and lost transmission, so that excellent cultural heritage can last forever and master the "traffic code". "Quite important. In recent years, similar explorations such as “getting out of the circle” and “breaking through the wall” are not uncommon. When intangible cultural heritage is moved to the "cloud", craftsmen such as bamboo weaving, root carving, and lacquer art show off their unique skills in the live broadcast room; umbrella makers in mountain villages "touch the Internet" and share the behind-the-scenes story of the birth of an oil-paper umbrella with netizens; a number of documentaries, short films The video uses the lens to tell the story of skills and ingenuity that have been passed down for thousands of years... As a result, traditional skills have gone from being little known to having countless "fans". They are now taking on new vitality and finding new friends.

  Industry insiders believe that rather than saying that intangible cultural heritage is "going out", it is better to understand it as a "return" - with the help of the power of the Internet, traditional folk customs can return to public life and rejuvenate the value of the times. If the "return" in the past period was mostly about the original display, now more "mix and match" innovations are sprouting. For example, small programs customize personalized patterns, thousand-year-old Sichuan embroidery is transformed into trendy clothes, and intangible cultural heritage elements are embedded in two-dimensional games... Behind the "new" content is the update of marketing concepts and Internet thinking, making ancient intangible cultural heritage light and airy. Approaching Generation Z with a smart attitude.

Rooted in regional characteristics, interpreting the new bearing and power of dragon and lion

  As a form of folk culture that has always been popular with the people, dragon and lion dances had early meanings such as praying for rain, warding off disasters, rewarding gods, and praying for peace. "The dragon dances in prosperity, the lion dances in harmony", this is the spirit of the Chinese nation. Whether it is the lion dance and dragon boat racing in Lingnan culture or the Jiangnan dragon dance in Shanghai style culture, how to root different regional characteristics and profound heritage and explore and amplify them is a proposition facing the renewal of folk culture.

  Chinese dragon dance and lion dance have obvious regional characteristics. For example, lion dance is divided into northern lion and southern lion. The regional nature of Dragon Dance is even more obvious. Compared with the lion dance, the Jiangnan dragon dance is more developed. Ancient documents such as "Historical Records" and "Hanshu" all describe the dragon worship of Jiangnan ancestors who cut off their hair and tattooed their hair. Their sacrificial rituals are the prototype of the Jiangnan dragon dance that has been passed down to the present day.

  As an important part of Jiangnan Dragon Dance, Shanghai Dragon Dance reflects the openness and tolerance of Shanghai style culture, and also shows the awareness of harmonious coexistence between man and nature. Among them, the traditional dance Carp Jumping on the Dragon Gate in Minhang District is the result of the blending of folk literature and art from the Northern Jiangsu Gang and the Anhui Gang; Songjiang Yexie dance with grass dragons to thank Han Xiangzi and Shenlong, and the rain praying ceremony reflect the thought of praying for gratitude to nature; Pudong Sanlin Town's "Dragon-Wrapping Lantern" was selected into the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage. It inherits the essence of traditional dragon dance, and incorporates domestic and foreign skills. It integrates the body language of dance, the pace of opera, the spirit and charm of martial arts, The acrobatic tumbling and moving form the characteristics of modern dragon dance.

  From the perspective of the industry, protecting precious cultural heritage requires not only passing on the form, but also paying attention to the understanding of its tradition and spirit. They reflect the Chinese people's pursuit of a better and happy life, the praise of the brave spirit, and the "Tao" Respect for nature, the unity of nature and man.”

  There are voices reminding that at present, some folk customs are spread in scattered and staged manners, such as dragon and lion dances during the Spring Festival, dragon boat racing and eating rice dumplings during the Dragon Boat Festival. However, many people do not understand how the festival came into being and why its customs can be preserved. . "We need more opportunities and more systematic narration to construct a pedigree that reflects the Chinese people's unique view of the universe, family and country, so that the ins and outs of traditional festivals will gradually become clearer. Cultivate the entire people to value and enjoy the traditional cultural atmosphere, and through various innovations The form combines folk intangible cultural heritage with contemporary life, allowing intangible cultural heritage to take root downwards and blossom upwards," Bi Xuling said.

  Wenhui Po reporter Xu Yang