After the Spring Festival holiday, some friends may find that they have gained weight, so they start looking for ways to lose weight and formulate a weight loss plan. When do you need to lose weight? How can we lose weight scientifically and effectively? Let's hear what the experts have to say.

Expert: Scientific evaluation should be carried out before losing weight

  When do you need to lose weight? How to tell if you are obese? In medicine, body mass index is generally used to measure, which is an index calculated based on height and weight. Body mass index is the number calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by height in meters squared. For example, a woman weighs 60 kilograms and is 1.60 meters tall. Her body mass index is 23.44.

  Luo Yingying, chief physician of the Department of Endocrinology at Peking University People's Hospital: If the body mass index exceeds 24, we consider it to be overweight, and if it exceeds 28, we consider it to be obese. In addition to such a single indicator, we also need to look at whether there are some obesity-related diseases, such as hyperglycemia, hypertension, or hyperlipidemia, hyperuricemia, fatty liver, etc. If these obesity-related complications are combined, it will prompt us to lose weight.

  Experts remind that patients who are overweight may not be simply obese. Endocrine diseases, hypothyroidism, and adrenal diseases may also lead to obesity. Before losing weight, patients should go to the hospital to have their physical condition evaluated.

  Luo Yingying, chief physician of the Department of Endocrinology at Peking University People's Hospital: It is to develop a reasonable weight loss plan for patients. Should we simply apply lifestyle intervention, that is, control diet and strengthen exercise, or do we need to use some stronger means to lose weight.

  Experts believe that weight loss should be moderate, not that the faster the better or the thinner the better.

  Luo Yingying, chief physician of the Department of Endocrinology at Peking University People's Hospital: If there is too little fat, it will also cause a series of problems. For example, our body also has some fat-soluble vitamins, which are dissolved in fat. If you are too thin, you may also be deficient in this vitamin. At the same time, we cannot lose too much weight. The body mass index is between 18.5 and 24, which we think is a reasonable range.

Expert: Medication is not a way to lose weight, lifestyle intervention is the key

  Some people will use anti-diabetic drugs to lose weight on their own. Experts remind that anti-diabetic drugs are prescription drugs and bypass the diagnosis of doctors. Abusing prescription drugs has corresponding health risks.

  Experts remind that some obesity caused by diseases, such as central obesity caused by abnormal hormone secretion, etc., if you do not correct the disease that causes obesity and blindly take medication, not only will the weight loss effect not be achieved, it may be counterproductive and delay the original diagnosis. Diagnosis and treatment of diseases.

  Luo Yingying, chief physician of the Department of Endocrinology at Peking University People's Hospital: For people with diabetes and obesity, we may choose such drugs, which can lower blood sugar and lose weight at the same time. So whether you need to use this type of drug for simple weight loss actually needs to be strictly evaluated. Many patients think that taking medication may be a process of "losing weight". In fact, if there is no such lifestyle intervention, even if the weight is lost using medication, the weight will rebound very quickly.

  In the process of using drugs to lose weight, attention should be paid to the possible toxic and side effects of the drugs, and obese patients should not use drugs on their own.

  Luo Yingying, chief physician of the Department of Endocrinology at Peking University People's Hospital: First, the doctor will judge whether you need to take medication. At the same time, the doctor will also evaluate whether you have any contraindications to taking medication. This can ensure that even if the patient is taking medication, Also using medications safely.

Is it safe to lose weight by going vegetarian or skipping staple food?

  In life, some people will lose weight by going vegetarian or skipping staple food. Is this method reliable? Come and hear the experts’ answers.

  Common staple foods contain a lot of carbohydrates and starch, which will be converted into calories after digestion. Excessive intake of staple foods will cause fat to accumulate in the body, leading to obesity. Eating staple foods in moderation will not make you fat. Carbohydrates in staple foods, like protein and fat, are one of the three major nutrients needed by the human body. Not eating or eating less carbohydrates for a long time can easily lead to symptoms such as hypoglycemia, abnormal intestinal function, memory loss, and insomnia.

  Yu Kang, Director of the Clinical Nutrition Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital: Staple food is an important energy basis for our daily diet. If there is no energy, we can only force other important nutrients, such as protein, to burn to provide energy. In this way, protein is supposed to make up the body, but it will be burned like firewood, which will cause a large loss of protein. Generally, the daily intake of staple food can be controlled at about 4 taels and 5 taels.

  In addition to not eating staple food, many people advocate vegetarianism. In fact, a light diet does not mean eating only vegetarian food without eating meat. Not eating meat is prone to symptoms such as iron deficiency anemia, muscle attenuation, osteoporosis, and memory loss. A balanced dietary pattern based on cereals should be adhered to. Daily meals should include cereals and potatoes, vegetables and fruits, livestock, poultry, fish, eggs, milk, and legumes.

  In addition, experts remind that regular exercise and a healthy diet are the keys to losing weight. Even if you exercise for several hours every day, as long as you drink two more bottles of carbonated drinks or eat a few pieces of cake, your hard-earned weight loss results will be greatly compromised.