During the Spring Festival travel period, there is a large flow of people, and the probability of contracting respiratory diseases is higher when visiting relatives and friends and taking long-distance transportation. Xu Yi, director of the Department of Internal Medicine at Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, said in response to citizens' panic buying and hoarding of influenza medicines from Internet celebrities, he said that the country currently has sufficient reserves of influenza medicines and hoped that people would not follow the trend and rush to buy.

  "Actually, if you have a fever, you can use antipyretics first, and then antiviral drugs after the flu is diagnosed." Chen Yunbin, director of pediatrics at Guangdong Maternal and Child Health Hospital, suggested.

Beware of influenza infection during Spring Festival travel season

  On January 25, the National Health Commission stated at a press conference that the current COVID-19 epidemic remains at a low level, influenza activity is on a downward trend, and the number of daily outpatient and emergency respiratory disease diagnoses and treatments in medical institutions across the country continues to decline. During the Spring Festival travel season, crowd movement and gathering activities increase, and the risk of respiratory disease infection increases. Therefore, the public is reminded to prepare for personal protection before departure, wear masks scientifically during the journey, and continue to maintain good hygiene habits such as frequent hand washing and cough etiquette to reduce the risk of infection as much as possible.

Are the systemic symptoms of B-fluid more obvious?

  Recently, many parents have consulted in outpatient clinics, "Will the symptoms of influenza B infection be more serious than those of influenza A?" Chen Yunbin explained: "In terms of clinical manifestations, the main symptoms of both influenzas include fever, cough, sore throat, etc. However, from severe to In terms of degree, there are some subtle differences: patients with A flow tend to have higher fever, and it is common for fever to be above 38.5°C; B flow has a relatively mild fever, and some people may only have a localized low fever. However, B flow may cause fatigue, Systemic symptoms such as muscle aches, as well as complications such as nausea and vomiting that occur in a small number of patients, may be more severe than influenza A."

Anti-influenza drugs can be used only after the disease is diagnosed

  Chen Yunbin said: "In terms of treatment methods, whether it is influenza A or B, before the diagnosis is made, for infected people who have fever and cough symptoms, we recommend targeted treatment first, such as the use of antipyretic drugs. For children, it is recommended to use antipyretic drugs. Children's compound acetaminophen renin tablets, which contain acetaminophen, can relieve the discomfort caused by fever and help prevent complications such as high fever and convulsions. However, anti-influenza drugs such as oseltamivir cannot be used until confirmed."

  Chen Yunbin specifically reminded that the two drugs oseltamivir and mabaloxavir have similar efficacy against influenza, but their use methods and courses of treatment are different. Oseltamivir needs to be used continuously for 5 days and is suitable for people over 1 year old; while mabaloxavir requires only one dose to complete the treatment course and is suitable for people over 5 years old. It should be noted that the effects of these two drugs are not immediate and require a certain amount of time to take effect.

  In addition, Chen Yunbin suggested that once flu-like symptoms occur, you should seek medical treatment as soon as possible. This will not only improve the accuracy of diagnosis, but also provide better results within 48 hours, helping to shorten the course of the disease.

  Winter and spring are the periods of high incidence of respiratory diseases, and good rest and adequate sleep are closely related to immunity. Therefore, experts remind the public to avoid staying up late during the Spring Festival and maintain a regular schedule, which plays an important role in preventing respiratory diseases.

  Yangcheng Evening News reporter Zhang Hua