"Guangming Cinema" has produced more than 500 barrier-free film and television dramas

A "cultural blind alley" to the minds of the visually impaired

Reporter Peng Bing, Liu Shanshan, and correspondent Wang Tao

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Since its establishment more than five years ago, more than 5 volunteers have participated in the relay and produced more than 800 barrier-free films and 500 barrier-free TV series.

Recently, in the No. 7 screening hall of Wanda Cinema located in Hongqi Street, Changchun City, Jilin Province, with the commentary of the volunteers of the "Guangming Cinema" of Communication University of China, more than 40 visually impaired viewers watched "Sniper".

Since its establishment more than 5 years ago, more than 800 volunteers have participated in the relay, produced more than 500 barrier-free movies and 2 barrier-free TV series, and carried out public welfare screenings in 31,2244 special education schools in <> provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities across the country, and covered more groups through the launch of cable TV channels around the country.

Let the visually impaired enjoy the full movie

"When I first thought of starting this project, I was touched by the blind road at the entrance of the school - in addition to the 'material blind road', where is the 'spiritual blind road' and 'cultural blind road' that lead to the hearts of visually impaired friends? As teachers and students of audiovisual majors in professional colleges, what can we do about this? Pan Yue, a volunteer of the "Guangming Cinema" project of Communication University of China and a doctoral student, told reporters.

This simple and simple idea instantly aroused the unanimous resonance and desire of teachers and students to act. Their research found that some foreign pay TV channels provide relevant video oral description services, and there are also some caring people in China who will tell movies to blind friends on the set, which makes teachers and students find the focus - visually impaired people cannot "watch movies" like normal people, the more so, the more they are eager for the light and shadow on the screen!

Cai Yu, a post-95 student majoring in radio and television, signed up to be the first batch of volunteers. can not only give full play to professional advantages, but also be able to do public welfare, which makes Cai Yu and like-minded friends enthusiastic. But how to "cross the river by feeling the stones"?

"At first, we wanted to use the form of film recording and editing, but after discussion, we decided that we should not intercept the fragments, and we should let the blind people enjoy a complete movie." Zhao Xijing, a teacher at Communication University of China, told reporters, "So, we decided not to affect the expression of any detail in the film, and the film was put there as it was, and we inserted the description of the film screen between the music and dialogue, and finally made it into a barrier-free audio-visual work that can be reproduced, disseminated and standardized." ”

Teachers and students named this public welfare project "Guangming Cinema" and actively sought the support of caring enterprises. At the end of 2017, the project was officially co-founded by Communication University of China, Beijing Gehua Cable TV Network Co., Ltd., and Oriental Jiaying TV Cinema Media Co., Ltd.

Each link takes a lot of effort

"At first, I thought it was not difficult, but I found that it was not easy to get started." Pan Yue said, "To make a barrier-free movie, you need to watch the film over and over again, press the pause button thousands of times, pause and compare frame by frame for a shot, write tens of thousands of words of narration, and go into the recording studio to record sentence by sentence..."

From film selection, writing, review, to recording, editing, and proofreading, every link takes a lot of effort. The work of writing the accessible version of the movie "1921" was completed by six volunteers. "6 days, 10,26273 words of narration, 8 editions of accessible narration audio." Cai Yu said, "The scene I was responsible for used montage techniques, and it was extremely difficult to explain clearly in the gap between the dialogue and sound effects of the movie, I tried again and again, deleted the words when the time was exceeded, and added words when there was more time than enough, and tried to integrate the meaning behind this run into the script, and it took me more than an hour to write the movie screen of just one or two minutes." ”

"A picture is worth a thousand words", the visual receives a lot of information in an instant, and the volunteers must select the massive information in the movie screen, and fully understand the director's use of various lens languages, and then summarize it in concise words. Therefore, the volunteers who wrote the manuscript had to watch the footage twenty or thirty times every time, basically reciting every frame backwards.

"If you close your eyes and listen, will you be able to understand?" Pan Yue often asks herself this question with her partners. In order to make barrier-free films better, volunteers insist on taking turns to go to the school for the blind every month to experience and listen, and will also do a questionnaire at the end of each screening.

In the past, when talking about the movie, the volunteers would try not to mention color, worried that some visually impaired audiences would be born blind and have no concept of color, but through communicating with visually impaired friends, they found that many people wanted to talk about color, and even "wanted to know more", so they no longer deliberately avoided it, and used words with somatosensory feelings to describe it, such as "hot" and "hot" to describe red.

"Many blind friends like science fiction films, which also surprised the team members. A blind friend said that science fiction movies are the imagination of the discerning people, and our narration can help them imagine their science fiction world..."Pan Yue said that every feedback has given everyone more direction, and now they have produced barrier-free films that cover various themes such as animation, reality, science fiction, and history.

"In the realm of love, we are equal individuals"

"Watching movies used to be a luxury dream, because I couldn't understand it, but now I can understand it with the help of commentary." Fan Xiaojun, a 35-year-old visually impaired person, is now addicted to watching movies.

Sun Minghan, who likes to comb double braids, came into contact with barrier-free movies when she was a junior high school student at the Beijing School for the Blind, and since then she has "fallen in love". In order to express her gratitude, she made a gift for the "Bright Cinema" team, she said: "You have described to us a colorful world with beautiful hearts, everyone is someone's light, and you are our light." ”

The transmission of warmth goes both ways. After a charity screening, a blind school girl kept holding Cai Yu's hand when she left the venue, and the girl stopped halfway and asked, "Sister, do you have a cold?" Your voice today is not the same as I heard you before, pay attention to your body! At that moment, Cai Yu realized, "While we care about them, they also care about us." In the realm of love, we are equal individuals. ”

"Before the movie "1921" was screened, a team member handed me a tear tomato, and I said that I had watched this movie dozens of times and would not cry again. As a result, when the film reached its climax, thunderous applause came from behind me, and I still cried at that moment. Cai Yu told reporters, "In the process of participation, we not only improved our professional ability, but also cultivated the feelings of family and country." ”

"We hope that the visually impaired will have the opportunity to enjoy two films per week for 104 weeks throughout the year, which will meet or even exceed the average frequency of non-visually impaired people." Pan Yue said. (Workers' Daily)