Zhongxin Wanghai, October 10 (Zhang Jian) With the advent of autumn and winter, respiratory diseases such as influenza and pneumonia have entered a period of high incidence, especially among the elderly. So why is it that once the autumn and winter season begins, the elderly are prone to respiratory diseases? Recently, the reporter interviewed Song Yuanlin, director of the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of Zhongshan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University.

Song Yuanlin, director of the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of Zhongshan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University, was interviewed by Chinanews.com. Photo by Zhang Jian

Director Song Yuanlin said that as the temperature decreases and the incidence of influenza gradually increases, patients exposed to influenza may be infected and become ill, resulting in upper respiratory infections. In addition, respiratory infections are also related to cold, and the body's immunity will decline when cold, and germs colonized in the respiratory tract may multiply and develop. Sometimes it can lead to upper respiratory tract infections, but it can also cause related diseases such as bronchitis and even pneumonia.

Director Song Yuanlin told reporters: "These common respiratory pathogenic microorganisms are susceptible, some elderly people have poor respiratory immunity, coupled with sensitivity to these pathogens, we have found that some recent patients, including outpatients, emergency patients, and even inpatients, have a phenomenon of lung infection and upper respiratory tract infection."

So, what are the preventive measures for respiratory diseases in the elderly? Director Song Yuanlin said that in addition to proper exercise to improve immunity, it is also necessary to actively inject influenza vaccine and pay attention to the hygiene and cleanliness of the living environment, and once suffering from respiratory diseases, active drug intervention should be taken to curb the invasion of the virus by antiviral treatment.

Director Song Yuanlin reminded the majority of elderly friends: "We hope that the elderly have good living habits, including smoking cessation, as well as appropriate outdoor activities, can not stay at home all the time without going out to exercise, in addition, the living environment at home should be kept relatively clean and clean." Therefore, these measures provide comprehensive care for the respiratory health of the elderly. Including medications, lifestyle habits, vaccinations, etc." (End)