Taiyuan, September 9 (ZXS) -- The Shanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology released archaeological findings on the 18th, and archaeologists found 18 tombs from the Neolithic period to the Ming and Qing dynasties in Xiangfen County, Shanxi Province, further supporting the "Yao capital Pingyang" through archaeology.

Shanxi archaeologists found more than 100 tombs in Xiangfen County, and the picture is a top photo of the archaeological site. (Photo courtesy of Shanxi Institute of Archaeology)

From June 2020 to July 6, in order to cooperate with the road network project and the capital construction project of standard factory building in Xiangfen County Economic Development Zone, the Shanxi Institute of Archaeology, together with Xiangfen County Culture and Tourism Bureau and Xiangfen County Museum, formed a joint archaeological team to conduct rescue excavations of the sites and tombs involved in the construction of the project.

The excavation area is bounded by the Fenhe River and divided into two areas, Hedong and Hexi, with a total of 348 excavated relics and 215 tombs.

The Hedong area involves two villages, Qiaozigou Village and Guchengzhuang Village, and a total of 145 tombs have been excavated, including 128 in the Han Dynasty, 3 in the Song and Jin Dynasties, and 15 in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. 959 burial objects were unearthed, including 222 bronze, 21 iron and 528 pottery. 145 relics were excavated and 115 artifacts were unearthed, including 28 from the Neolithic period, 72 from the Warring States period and 15 from the Han Dynasty.

The Hexi area involves three villages: Hot Spring Village, Yuchi Village and Dongdeng Village, and a total of 69 Yuan, Ming, and Qing tombs and 1 Northern Qi tomb were excavated in the hot spring section, and 437 burial objects were unearthed; 168 ash pits, 1 house site and 6 stoves were excavated in the Yuchi section, dating from the Spring and Autumn period; There are 28 ash pits and 2 kiln sites excavated in the Dongdeng section, dating from the Han Dynasty.

Shanxi archaeologists found more than 100 tombs in Xiangfen County, and the picture shows the pottery unearthed from the tombs. (Photo courtesy of Shanxi Institute of Archaeology)

Among them, artifacts and fragments collected in the ruins of the Warring States period were found with engraved symbol patterns or stamped text, mainly including "Pingshi", "City", "King" and "Tian", among which the most common is the "Pingshi" stamp.

Located about 300 meters southeast of the excavation area, the site of Guchengzhuang City, a cultural relic protection unit in Xiangfen County, the pottery stamped with "Pingshi" is a qualified commodity produced under the supervision of "Pingyang County", thus proving that this ancient city (Guchengzhuang City Site) was established by the Qin State in the late Warring States period, and the Western Han Dynasty was renamed "Xiangling County".

Archaeologists believe that all kinds of relics in the area are rich, covering the Neolithic Yangshao culture and Taosi culture, Warring States, Han Dynasty, Song Jinyuan, Ming and Qing dynasties and other periods, especially the ancient city site after the occupation of the Qin State in the late Warring States period, on the basis of the original Juyi "Pingyang County" to provide archaeological evidence for the location of the "Yao Capital Pingyang". (End)