【Commentary】China's "Pu'er Jingmai Mountain Ancient Tea Forest Cultural Landscape" inscription project passed the deliberation at the 9th session of UNESCO's World Heritage Committee meeting on September 17 and was inscribed on the World Heritage List, becoming China's 45th World Heritage Site, which is also the world's first tea-themed world cultural heritage. This landscape is a typical example of the tea planting tradition under the forest that has been continued by the secular people in southwest China, and is an outstanding representative of the sustainable development of the mountain forest agricultural cultural landscape.

【Explanation】Jingmai Mountain Ancient Tea Forest Cultural Landscape is located in Lancang County, Pu'er City, Yunnan Province, with a total area of 19095,74.5 hectares, including 9 ancient tea forests, 3 traditional villages and 1586 separate shelter forests. It has a total population of 6535,5 people in <>,<> households, and there are five ethnic groups: Dai, Brown, Hani, Wa and Han.

【Commentary】The secular people of Jingmai Mountain are a people who live on tea. The social governance system that has been continued by the secular people, the unique belief in tea ancestors, the local tea culture with "he" as the core, the village rules and people's covenants to protect the ecology, and the customs and habits of mutual respect and love, have realized a high spiritual connection between man and tea, man and nature, ensuring that this tradition continues for thousands of years and is still full of vitality.

【Commentary】Nuogang Ancient Village 00 villager Xian Jin is a native of the Dai ethnic group here, at present, she and her friends are selling tea live on the Internet, using their own way to let more people know about Jingmai Mountain and understand the tea here.

【During the same period】Jingmai Mountain Tea Farmer Xianjin

Our main thing is to protect and maintain our environment here, including you can see that our tea plants here are planted under the forest and reclaimed in the forest. First of all, we must protect our forests in order to better protect our tea plants. That would increase our revenue stream. So as a young person, you have to continue this point, protect our forests, protect our tea plants, and then share our Jingmai Mountain tea better through a channel and their own way, so that more, friends all over the world can drink our Jingmai Mountain's good tea.

【Commentary】In Jingmai Mountain, tea products have always been mainly Pu'er raw tea, and after tasting other types of tea products such as black tea and white tea, Yan Lie, a post-90s tea maker, began to introduce more types of tea-making technologies to enrich the types of Jingmai Mountain tea products.

【During the same period】Jingmai mountain tea farmer Yanlie

The older generation can basically be said to have only one process, that is, (Pu'er tea) raw tea, but now combined with some various needs, tastes, according to the needs of different people, so to make some black tea and white tea with different processes, we can say that it is to make tea for generations, and also want to make the variety of Jingmai Mountain tea the most suitable for its process.

【Commentary】The Princess Brown Tea Factory operated by Yugexiang's family has a very long history and has always adhered to the traditional handmade tea skills of the Brown people. In her opinion, insisting on handmade tea herself is to give each Jingmai camellia leaf a "soul".

【During the same period】Jingmai mountain tea farmer Yuge Xiang

We started to stir-fry tea from a very young age, almost 4 years old, I used to feel too painful to roast tea, now I feel that stir-frying tea is actually a kind of enjoyment, I think I want to find myself through roasted tea, no matter where my tea goes, he (tea guest) can feel the heart of the tea maker, including the ecological environment of this (tea origin), through a brew of tea can drink the story behind, this is the reason why I think so many years of persistence (reason), we are more love, love tea from the bones.

【Commentary】The success of Jingmai Mountain is inseparable from the continuation of traditional tea planting, tea picking, tea production and other production technologies by people who have lived here for generations, as well as the effective protection and inheritance of intangible cultural heritage such as unique tea culture and tea ancestor sacrifice.

【Explanation】The successful application of this World Heritage Site will better promote the protection and continuation of the "Pu'er Jingmai Mountain Ancient Tea Forest Cultural Landscape". Inherit the ecological wisdom of "villages built in tea forests, tea forests hidden in forests", "forest and tea symbiosis, harmony between man and land", "landscape as body, humanities as soul".

Reporter Du Xiaoxiao reported from Pu'er, Yunnan

Responsible Editor: [Liu Pai]