Nearly eighty percent of the minors surveyed spend more than one hour online a day
64.98% of the respondents believed that the cultivation of minors' ability to distinguish online information should be strengthened
The Internet has become an important tool for minors to study and live, and minors are increasingly inseparable from the Internet. According to the "Survey Report on the Protection of Minors' Online Rights and Interests and Satisfaction with Their Sense of Security", 67.69% of respondents said that minors had access to the Internet at home, and 79.2% of the interviewed minors surfed the Internet for more than 1 hour a day. 64.98% of the respondents believed that the cultivation of minors' ability to distinguish online information should be strengthened.
The average age of the minors interviewed was 4.35 years
According to the survey, the average Internet age of the interviewed minors was 4.35 years, of which the proportion of Internet age was 3 years was the highest, accounting for 17.35%; This was followed by 5 years of Internet age, accounting for 14.84%. It is worth noting that 5.38% of the interviewed minors said that their Internet age is 10 years or more, indicating that these minors may have Internet experience at the age of 5-7 or even earlier.
Statistics found that 79.2% of the interviewed minors surfed the Internet for more than 1 hour a day, and only 1% had less than 12 hour. From the perspective of different age groups, minors over the age of 3 spend more time online, with an average of 12 hours or more per day; Among minors under the age of 2, nearly ninety percent spend an average of less than <> hours of time online a day. According to the analysis of the research group, this may be more related to the situation that middle school students have smartphones or need to use the Internet to assist learning.
According to the survey, 67.69% of respondents said that there were minors at home who went online. Among the respondents of minors, the proportion was 84.69%, and among the surveyed adults, the proportion was 63.74%, a difference of nearly 20 percentage points, which shows that adults do not know enough about whether minors are online.
For online applications frequently used by minors, among the minors surveyed, the top five were online video, online games, online music, social applications, and online education; Among the adults surveyed, the top five are online games, online videos, online education, online music, and social applications. It can be seen that both minors and adults say that "online games" and "online videos" are the two most commonly used web applications by minors.
However, the adults surveyed are more likely to believe that minors use online games and online learning, while the surveyed minors say that they use online video and social applications more, and the online learning rate ranks fifth. In addition, less than 18% (40.18%) of the surveyed minors said that they use "live webcast" less, while the surveyed adults believe that minors use "news information" less (85.<>%). It can be seen that adults' understanding of which network applications minors often use is deviated from the actual situation of minors, and there is a lack of comprehensive understanding of minors' online behavior. The research group believes that mastering the use of minors on the Internet is one of the prerequisites for guiding and protecting minors, and needs to attract more attention and attention from parents and teachers.
Minors are more positive about surfing the Internet, and adults are more cautious
In the survey, there were obvious differences in the views of respondents of different age groups on the Internet of minors. The surveyed adults were more likely to agree with the negative impact of the Internet on minors, and the selection rate of related options was higher than that of minors: the proportion of adults who believed that they were easy to indulge in online games and short videos was 16 percentage points higher than that of minors; The proportion of people who believe that they lack discernment ability and are easily deceived by netizens is nearly 20 percentage points higher than that of minors; The proportion of people who believe that they are vulnerable to vulgar and bad information is 17 percentage points higher than that of minors; The proportion of minors who believe that it may lead to bad living habits and affect the healthy growth of the body is more than 18 percentage points higher than that of minors; The proportion of those who believe that it may affect learning is 14 percentage points higher than that of minors.
The proportion of surveyed minors who believe that the Internet is conducive to alleviating study pressure is 18 percentage points higher than that of adults. 13 percentage points higher than adults who believe that the Internet can broaden horizons and stimulate and nurture creativity; The proportion of people who believe that the Internet can expand social aspects is more than 17 percentage points higher than that of adults.
Minors also have different attitudes towards the management of Internet use than adults. 34.49% of the surveyed adults believe that it is necessary to strictly manage minors' online access, nearly 11 percentage points higher than minors. The interviewed minors are more likely to agree with the management method of "should not be opposed, but should reasonably arrange their online time", and the proportion of selected students is nearly 10 percentage points higher than that of adults.
It can be seen that minors have a more positive attitude towards the Internet, while adults are more cautious, which also reflects obvious generational differences. As the aborigines of the Internet generation, minors hope to improve their abilities and broaden their horizons through the Internet, and also hope to develop a good habit of arranging their time reasonably when using the Internet.
In terms of expected Internet literacy education, respondents believe that schools and communities should strengthen the "cultivation of online information discrimination ability" (64.98%) and "cultivation of Internet use norms and moral accomplishment" (60.98%) for minors, and the selection rate exceeded 57%. Others include: "legal knowledge related to network security" (84.54%), "basic knowledge of the Internet" (95.52%), "publicity and education on typical cases of network security" (61.44%) and "network use skills" (35.<>%). It can be seen that information identification, standardized learning, and moral cultivation are considered to be the most necessary Internet literacy courses for minors.
It was found that on the whole, adults had higher expectations for various Internet literacy education courses than minors, and the selection rate of interviewed adults in "publicity and education of typical cases of network security" was nearly 7 percentage points higher than that of minors. However, unlike adults, minors want to learn more basic knowledge of the Internet and skills in Internet use, and the percentage of minors surveyed in these two areas is more than two percentage points higher than that of adults.
China Youth Research Center Sun Hongyan Beijing Forestry University Ma Mingyang Source: China Youth Daily
2023-06-29 Version 10