China News Service, Beijing, May 16 (Zhang Yilin) Shen Zhanli, spokesperson of the Emergency Management Department and director of the Press and Publicity Department, said at the May regular press conference held on the 16th that in April, the total number of accidents in the country continued for one year. The quarterly decline trended steadily, both month-on-month and year-on-year, but there were particularly major accidents, and the safety production situation was still grim.
Data map: On April 29, a self-built house in Panshuwan, Jinping Community, Jinshanqiao Street, Wangcheng District, Changsha collapsed.
Photo by Yang Huafeng
Shen Zhanli introduced that in April, my country's natural disasters were mainly wind and hail, floods, geological disasters, and low-temperature freezing disasters. Earthquakes, droughts, snow disasters, forest and grassland fires also occurred to varying degrees.
Various natural disasters caused a total of 2.254 million person-times affected, 13 people died and missing due to the disaster, and the direct economic loss was 2.8 billion yuan.
The national natural disasters in April mainly showed the following characteristics:
First, the country has entered a season of high incidence of severe convective weather. Many places in the south have suffered from severe convective weather, and wind and hail disasters are widespread.
Second, the total rainfall in the country was 2% higher than the same period of the previous year, and the heavy rainfall in the south caused local floods and geological disasters.
Third, the number of cold air processes is higher than that of the same period of the previous year, but the intensity is generally weaker. The central and western regions suffered from low-temperature freezing disasters, which did not cause great impact.
Fourth, two earthquakes of magnitude 5 or above occurred in the western region, with no casualties.
Fifth, local droughts in North China, Northwest China, and Southwest China have begun to emerge, and droughts in South China have basically been lifted. The number of forest and grassland fires across the country has increased compared with the same period last year.
In terms of safety production situation, in April, there were 1,425 accidents and 1,241 deaths nationwide, including 31 major accidents and 99 deaths; 1 particularly serious accident, that is, the residents of Wangcheng District, Changsha City, Hunan Province, on April 29, The collapse of the building caused 54 deaths; no major accident occurred.
According to reports, in general, the total number of accidents in April continued the steady decline in the first quarter, both month-on-month and year-on-year, but there were particularly major accidents, and the safety production situation was still severe, mainly manifested in the "four outstanding" :
First, there are many collapse accidents in the construction industry, especially in building repairs, drainage facilities construction and other links and in crowded places.
Second, the number of major accidents in mines has increased year-on-year, illegal mining has been repeatedly banned, and the problem of illegal and illegal mining is prominent.
The third is the frequent occurrence of typical accidents in the manufacturing industry. Some chemical companies have repeatedly suffered accidents in a short period of time. In some provinces, there have been many explosions in the industrial and trade industry since this year. Some industrial and trade enterprises have high inventory due to the epidemic and market factors, and the risk of fire in the warehousing link is prominent.
Fourth, major risk-related accidents occurred frequently in the field of transportation, among which the safety risks of fishing vessels, water transportation and railway transportation were prominent.
Shen Zhanli said that the State Council Safety Committee Office and the Emergency Management Department will guide and promote relevant departments and enterprises in various regions to deeply learn the lessons of recent typical accidents, strictly implement the 15 hard measures for safety production, conduct a solid production safety inspection, and comprehensively investigate various safety hazards. , make every effort to prevent and control major risks, and effectively curb the occurrence of major and major accidents.
In addition, Yuan Yi, deputy director of the Monitoring and Disaster Mitigation Department of the Ministry of Emergency Management, introduced that during this year's flood season (May-September), my country's climate conditions are generally average to deviations, and the national natural disaster risk situation is severe and complex.
Among them, the rivers and rivers in the northern region have heavy flood conditions, strong convective weather may occur frequently, and the risk of floods and hail disasters is high; the number of typhoons registered in my country throughout the year is close to normal to more than normal, and the intensity is generally weak, and there may be typhoons heading north. Regional geological disasters are likely to recur frequently; the risk of forest fires is high in the northeast, central China and southwest regions; summer droughts may occur in east China, central China and Xinjiang.
Considering the situation of extreme weather disasters superimposed on epidemic prevention and control, this year's flood season disaster prevention, mitigation and relief work faces many new situations and new challenges.