The National Two Sessions in 2024 are about to be held, and China's economic development goals have attracted much attention.

At the beginning of this year, the two sessions were held in various places. Many places set the expected economic growth target for this year at no less than 5%. The economic growth targets of 13 provinces are higher than the actual growth rate of the region in 2023.

As the power source to promote China's high-quality development, the total regional GDP of the three major regions of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (nine cities in the mainland) will reach 52 trillion yuan, accounting for 10% of the national economic total. More than 40%, the driving role of the engine has been continuously strengthened, playing a "leading role".

Looking forward to 2024, at present, the basic trend of my country's economic recovery and long-term improvement has not changed.

At the same time, it also faces challenges such as insufficient effective demand, overcapacity in some industries, and weak social expectations.

  In the new year, how can China's economy maintain its growth momentum?

Coordinated regional development is a key support for promoting high-quality development, an intrinsic requirement for achieving common prosperity, and an important part of promoting Chinese-style modernization.

The Central Economic Work Conference made the latest arrangements for regional development: it is necessary to give full play to the comparative advantages of each region, and actively integrate and serve to build a new development pattern in accordance with the main functional positioning.


  Chinese-style modernization pioneer zone and demonstration zone

  "In May 2023, General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected Hebei, chaired a symposium on in-depth promotion of the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei and delivered an important speech. He emphasized that we must strengthen confidence, maintain determination, and strengthen the ability to seize opportunities, respond to challenges, resolve crises, and The ability to take advantage of opportunities, coordinate development and security, advance all work with a more energetic and promising spirit, promote the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei to a new level, and strive to make Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei a pioneer area for Chinese-style modernization. Demonstration Area."

  2024 is the tenth year since the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei has been elevated to a national strategy.

Guo Lanfeng, a member of the Party Leadership Group of the National Development and Reform Commission, concluded at a press conference held by the State Council Information Office that over the past ten years, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei has made remarkable achievements in various aspects of coordinated development.

The planning policy framework has been established, and breakthroughs have been made in the decentralization of non-capital functions in Beijing. Xiongan New Area has entered a stage of large-scale construction and the decentralization of non-capital functions in Beijing. The functions of Beijing's urban sub-center are increasingly improved.

  In the past ten years, the total economic output of the three places has exceeded 5 trillion yuan in a row. The overall strength of the region has continued to improve. The modern capital metropolitan area is full of vitality and is moving towards a world-class urban agglomeration.

The latest data released by the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics shows that in 2023, the GDP of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region will be 10.4 trillion yuan, which is 1.9 times that of 2013 at current prices.

The total economic output of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei was 4,376.07 billion yuan, 1,673.73 billion yuan and 4,394.41 billion yuan respectively, which were 2.1 times, 1.7 times and 1.8 times that of 2013.

  Industry is one of the key areas proposed to take the lead in breakthroughs in the "Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Coordinated Development Plan".

The starting point and goal of the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is to relieve Beijing of its non-capital functions.

Since 2014, Beijing has decentralized 3,000 general manufacturing companies and decentralized and upgraded nearly 1,000 regional professional markets and logistics centers.

Beijing's population, construction, commercial and tourism density has gradually declined, and urban and rural construction land has been reduced by 130 square kilometers in ten years, achieving the goal of a 15% reduction in the permanent population in the six districts of the city compared with 2014.

The Xiongan campuses of four universities, Beijing Jiaotong University, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing Forestry University, and China University of Geosciences (Beijing), and the Xiongan campus of Peking University People's Hospital have all started construction. China Star Network, China Sinochem, and China Huaneng , China Mining and other central enterprises are accelerating the construction of their Xiongan headquarters.

  The "Beijing R&D, Tianjin and Hebei Manufacturing" model is accelerating its formation. Zhongguancun companies have set up more than 10,000 branches in Tianjin and Hebei, and the transaction value of technology contracts flowing from Beijing to Tianjin and Hebei exceeds 280 billion yuan.

At the first China International Supply Chain Promotion Expo held in November 2023, Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei focused on joint investment in the industrial chain and supply chain for the first time, reaching 152 intended contract projects with an intended investment of over 100 billion yuan.

  In the next ten years, how to promote the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei to a new level?

On February 25 this year, the main party and government leaders of Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei Province conducted a joint on-site survey, from Wuqing District of Tianjin City to Beisan County of Langfang City, Hebei Province, and then to the Beijing Sub-Center. They walked and looked all the way. Let’s discuss cooperation plans and talk about a better future.

  In 2024, the GDP growth targets of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei are set at around 5%, 4.5% and 5.5% respectively.

A reporter from Beijing Youth Daily noticed that this year’s government work reports of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei listed “promoting the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei” as the top priority for 2024.

  Beijing proposed to use the "new two wings" to drive the construction of a modern capital metropolitan area, implement a new round of strategic cooperation agreement between Beijing and Xiongan, promote the integration of government services in the city, accelerate the pace of high-quality development of urban sub-centers, and continue to maintain investment intensity of hundreds of billions. ; Tianjin proposes to sing the "Tale of Two Cities" between Beijing and Tianjin. The investment in the market-oriented introduction of functional resources and implementation projects within the year will exceed 160 billion yuan to serve the construction of Beijing's "new two wings" and strengthen the transportation connection and port extension between Tianjin Port and Beijing's airport and land ports. services, strengthen the Xiongan Service Center of Tianjin Port Group, etc.; Hebei proposed to promote the construction of Xiongan New Area with high standards and high quality, accelerate the construction of the first batch of central enterprise headquarters, universities, hospitals and other projects, and implement the second batch of decentralization implementation plans to attract Implement more market-oriented decentralization projects, accelerate the progress of projects such as the Beijing-Xiongan Express Line and the International Trade Center, improve municipal infrastructure and public service facilities, and complete investments of more than 200 billion yuan within the year.

  Yangtze River Delta

  Take the lead in forming a new pattern of reform and opening up at a higher level

  "In November 2023, General Secretary Xi Jinping chaired a symposium in Shanghai to further promote the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta and delivered an important speech. He emphasized that we should further promote the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta and further enhance innovation capabilities, industrial competitiveness, and development capabilities. , taking the lead in forming a new pattern of higher-level reform and opening up, is of great significance for our country to build a new development pattern, promote high-quality development, and comprehensively promote the construction of a strong country and the great cause of national rejuvenation with Chinese-style modernization."

  The Yangtze River Delta region is one of the regions with the most active economic development, the highest degree of openness, and the strongest innovation capabilities in my country.

This includes Shanghai City, Jiangsu Province, Zhejiang Province, and Anhui Province, three provinces and one city, a total of 41 cities.

Since the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta was elevated to a national strategy in 2018, the region's GDP has always accounted for about 24% of the country's total. Three provinces and one city account for 4% of the country's land area, creating nearly a quarter of the country's economy. total amount.

  According to data disclosed in the government work reports of the four regions, in 2023, Shanghai's GDP will be 4.72 trillion yuan, Jiangsu's GDP will be 12.82 trillion yuan, Zhejiang's GDP will be 8.26 trillion yuan, and Anhui's GDP will be 4.71 trillion yuan.

The total economic output of the Yangtze River Delta region exceeded 30 trillion yuan, an increase of 5.7%.

Among them, the growth rates of Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Anhui provinces in 2023 will all outperform the country.

  Three provinces and one city have distinct labels.

  In Shanghai, the dividends of opening up to the outside world are continuing to be released.

The sixth China International Import Expo was successfully held. The scale of the enterprise exhibition, the number of exhibitors, and the volume of intended transactions all hit the highest ever. The annual intended volume of transactions reached US$78.41 billion, an increase of 6.7% over the previous session; the actual use of foreign capital throughout the year was four consecutive years. It exceeded US$20 billion in 2020, with newly established foreign-funded enterprises increasing by 38.3%; the total import and export value was 4.21 trillion yuan, which has exceeded the 4 trillion yuan mark for three consecutive years. In 2023, it also hit a record high, with a year-on-year increase of 0.7% compared with 2022. %.

  In Jiangsu, the developed municipal economy has laid an important foundation for high-quality development.

In 2023, Jiangsu province will achieve a GDP of 12,822.22 billion yuan, an increase of 5.8% over the previous year based on constant prices.

From the perspective of economic aggregate, Jiangsu has five "trillion cities", namely Suzhou, Nanjing, Wuxi, Nantong, and Changzhou. Among them, Suzhou's GDP exceeds 2 trillion yuan, leading the province; from the perspective of economic growth rate, the highest Lianyungang City has a growth rate of 10.2%.

  In Zhejiang, the private economy shows unique resilience and vitality.

In 2023, a total of 1,860 enterprises in Zhejiang Province will enter the ranks of large-scale private enterprises, an increase of 473 from the previous year, ranking first in the country in number, of which manufacturing enterprises account for 60%.

There are 108 companies on the list of "Top 500 Chinese Private Enterprises in 2023", ranking first in the country for 25 consecutive years.

The total revenue of these enterprises was 8.705902 billion yuan, the total tax paid to the country was 283.448 billion yuan, and 2.1736 million people were employed.

  In Anhui, scientific and technological innovation is becoming a golden sign.

Anhui has newly been approved as 5 national key laboratories and 1 national manufacturing innovation center.

The number of high-tech enterprises increased by 28%, ranking 8th in the country. The number of small and medium-sized technology enterprises increased by 54%, ranking 7th in the country. There were 129 new national-level specialized and new "little giant" enterprises, with a total of 129. Ranking 8th in the country.

"HKUST Silicon Valley" has 846 new technology companies, nearly 10,000 innovative and entrepreneurial talents, and 9 domestic and overseas innovation centers.

  At the beginning of the Year of the Dragon, "How competitive is the Yangtze River Delta" became a hot search topic.

On February 18, the first working day after the Spring Festival holiday, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui simultaneously held the "First Meeting of the New Year" to make the latest arrangements focusing on optimizing the business environment, private economy and other topics.

  In the 2024 government work reports of the four places, the GDP growth targets of Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Anhui are about 5%, more than 5%, about 5.5%, and about 6% respectively.

Focusing on the integration of the Yangtze River Delta, Shanghai proposed to accelerate the construction of the G60 Science and Technology Innovation Corridor and the Shanghai-Nanjing Industrial Innovation Belt to jointly build a regional development community in the Yangtze River Delta; Jiangsu proposed to plan and build the Yangtze River Estuary Industrial Innovation Collaborative Zone to promote coastal ports and Shanghai International Shipping Center Integrated hub development; Zhejiang proposed to accelerate the construction of the Yangtze River Delta air cargo hub, the Yangtze River Delta China-Europe freight train assembly center, and the Suzhou-Ningbo Railway; Anhui proposed to strengthen the joint protection and joint management of the ecological environment and start the construction of an ecological green health in the Yangtze River Delta (Anhui) breeding base.

  2024 marks the sixth anniversary of the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta becoming a national strategy.

New opportunities have arrived.

The State Council executive meeting on March 1 emphasized that we must closely adhere to the two keywords of integration and high quality, strengthen policy support and reform empowerment, further enhance the innovation capabilities, industrial competitiveness, and development capabilities of the Yangtze River Delta region, and better exert Be the first to explore the road, lead the demonstration, and radiate and lead.

  Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

  The strategic pivot of the new development pattern

  "In April 2023, General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected Guangdong. He pointed out that the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area has an important strategic position in the country's new development pattern. Guangdong must conscientiously implement the decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee and regard the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area as Guangdong's new development pattern. The great opportunities and major articles of deepening reform and opening up should be grasped and implemented as a top priority, with the Pearl River Delta as the main position, and the whole province should be mobilized to handle this major event well, so as to make the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area a strategy for the new development pattern. A fulcrum, a demonstration place for high-quality development, and a leading place for Chinese-style modernization.”

  The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area includes the Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions and nine Pearl River Delta cities in Guangdong Province including Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Foshan, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Zhuhai, Jiangmen, Zhaoqing and Huizhou.

This year marks the fifth anniversary of the release of the Outline Development Plan for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.

In the past five years, this hot land with an area of ​​56,000 square kilometers and a permanent population of more than 80 million has seen its total economic output rise from over 10 trillion yuan to over 13 trillion yuan. It accounts for less than 1% of the country’s land area and 6% of its population. The total amount created 11% of the country's GDP.

  According to statistics from the statistics department, in 2023, the total regional GDP of the nine mainland cities in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area will exceed 11.02 trillion yuan. Shenzhen, which has the highest regional GDP, is close to 3.5 trillion yuan. Guangzhou's GDP has also exceeded 11.02 trillion yuan for the first time. 3 trillion yuan.

From the perspective of GDP growth rate, compared with the 4.8% growth rate of Guangdong's GDP in 2023, Shenzhen (6.0%), Foshan (5.0%), Huizhou (5.6%), Zhongshan (5.6%), and Jiangmen (5.5%) Five cities "outperformed" Guangdong Province.

  Here, "hard connectivity" is gradually improving.

Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao cross-border transportation infrastructure such as the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong High-speed Railway and the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge have been completed one after another. The construction of cross-Pearl River Estuary corridors such as the Shenzhen-Zhongshan Corridor has been accelerated. The formation of the "one-hour living circle" in the Greater Bay Area has been accelerated.

"Hong Kong trains going north", "Macau trains going north", and "flying via Zhuhai and Hong Kong" were implemented. About 53 million Hong Kong residents traveled north to the mainland, of which 40 million went through customs clearance at the Shenzhen-Hong Kong port.

  Here, “soft connectivity” continues to deepen.

Since 2023, high-level interactions and exchanges between the three places have been close. Guangdong Province has held a total of 9 high-level meetings with the chief executives of the Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions, reaching a development consensus on deepening cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao and jointly promoting the construction of the Greater Bay Area.

"One matter in three places, one policy in three places, one regulation in three places" will be further advanced.

The pilot period for lawyers from Hong Kong and Macao to practice in the Mainland in the Greater Bay Area has been extended by three years.

The country’s first “dual license” overseas bank was officially launched.

More than 200,000 Hong Kong and Macao residents work and develop in Guangdong, and a total of 346,500 Hong Kong and Macao residents have participated in pension, unemployment and work-related injury insurance in Guangdong.

  Last year, Guangdong Province's regional GDP reached 13,567.316 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 4.8%. The economic aggregate ranked first in the country for 35 consecutive years and became the first province in the country to exceed 13 trillion yuan.

Looking forward to 2024, Guangdong has set a GDP growth target of 5%, which also means that Guangdong's GDP will exceed 14 trillion yuan this year.

  As a "13 trillion province", where is Guangdong's economic growth?

The answer is technological innovation.

On February 18, Guangdong held a province-wide high-quality development conference, focusing on the mutual promotion of industry and science and technology, comprehensively improving high-level scientific and technological self-reliance and self-reliance, accelerating the construction of a modern industrial system, and constantly shaping new drivers of development and new advantages.

  Currently, the Shenzhen-Hong Kong-Guangzhou Innovation Cluster ranks second in the world in the Global Innovation Index for two consecutive years.

The Greater Bay Area has gathered 63 unicorn companies, accounting for about one-fifth of the country's total, with a total value of about 2 trillion yuan, making it one of the most important science and technology innovation centers in the world.

  The 2024 Guangdong Provincial Government Work Report proposed that we should further promote the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area International Science and Technology Innovation Center and the Greater Bay Area Comprehensive National Science Center, focus on the construction of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao joint laboratories, and build 5G, integrated circuits, nanometer, A highland for innovation in biomedicine and other industries.

Vigorously develop the digital economy, innovatively develop big data, cloud computing and other digital industries, ensure the large-scale deployment of IPv6, and promote the construction of the Shaoguan data center cluster, the national hub node of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.

Promote the construction of a national technological innovation center in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, deploy a number of concept verification centers and pilot platforms, and create a scientific and technological innovation hub that integrates "organized scientific research + organized achievement transformation".

Promote the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Quantum Science Center and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Applied Mathematics Center, and strive to achieve more "from 0 to 1" breakthroughs.

  This article is written by our reporter Dong Xin and coordinated by Li Yan/Liu Xiaoxue

  Number theory

  Last year, China’s economic growth exceeded 6 trillion yuan

  Preliminary calculations show that the GDP in 2023 will be 126,058.2 billion yuan, an increase of 5.2% over the previous year.

China's economic growth exceeded 6 trillion yuan.

Per capita GDP has steadily increased, reaching 89,358 yuan in 2023, an increase of 5.4% over the previous year.

  The total import and export volume of goods was 41,756.8 billion yuan, an increase of 0.2% over the previous year, of which the total import and export volume to countries jointly building the “Belt and Road” increased by 2.8% over the previous year.

  The annual grain output was 695.41 million tons, an increase of 1.3%.

  The per capita disposable income of residents across the country was 39,218 yuan, an actual increase of 6.1% after deducting price factors.

  The employment situation has generally improved, and the average urban surveyed unemployment rate for the whole year has dropped by 0.4 percentage points compared with the previous year.

  Prices generally maintained a moderate increase, with the CPI rising by 0.2% throughout the year.

  The total retail sales of consumer goods throughout the year reached 47,149.5 billion yuan.

  The fixed asset investment of the whole society is 50,970.8 billion yuan.

  The total social research and experimental development expenditure was 3.3278 billion yuan.

  The output of new energy vehicles was 9.443 million units, an increase of 30.3% over the previous year, ranking first in the world in both production and sales; the export volume of electric passenger vehicles increased by 67.1%.