China News Service, Beijing, February 29 (Reporter Liu Wenwen) The fourth meeting of the Central Financial and Economic Commission was held recently to study the issue of effectively reducing logistics costs for the whole society.

  Expert analysis pointed out that modern logistics links production and consumption and is the "string" of the real economy.

Effectively reducing the logistics costs of the whole society is to "unify and activate" the real economy.

This meeting took logistics cost reduction and efficiency improvement to a new level and made relevant arrangements, sending three major signals.

  First, optimize the transportation structure and promote transportation and logistics to reduce costs and improve quality and efficiency.

  The meeting pointed out that the transportation structure should be optimized, "road-to-rail" and "road-to-water" should be strengthened, and the reform of the comprehensive transportation system should be deepened to form a unified, efficient, competitive and orderly logistics market.

  Li Xiaopeng, Minister of Transport, said that over the years, efforts to reduce transportation and logistics costs have achieved positive results, but there is still a big gap compared with high-quality development requirements.

Generally speaking, "low cost in a single link and high operating cost in the entire chain" is the most prominent contradiction in current logistics operations. "Low logistics resource allocation efficiency and low circulation cycle efficiency" are the key factors that lead to high logistics costs.

  The relevant person in charge of the China Logistics Information Center pointed out that accelerating the adjustment of transportation structure has certain effects on improving logistics efficiency.

For example, railway and water transportation are relatively economical and green modes of transportation, which can significantly reduce transportation costs, especially in medium and long-distance transportation.

Therefore, promoting the "road-to-rail" and "road-to-water" transportation of bulk cargo and medium and long-distance cargo will greatly improve transportation efficiency.

  In order to promote structural cost reduction and improve quality and efficiency, Li Xiaopeng pointed out that the next step will be to improve the comprehensive service capabilities of railways and water transportation, give full play to their advantages in long-distance bulk cargo transportation services, and give full play to the basic role of road "door-to-door" transportation and air transportation. With the advantages of efficiency and speed, we will further adjust the transportation structure and promote the integrated development of transportation logistics and related industries.

  Second, innovate logistics models to support low-altitude economic development.

  The meeting pointed out that it is necessary to improve the modern commercial circulation system and encourage the development of new logistics models that combine platform economy, low-altitude economy, autonomous driving, etc.

  The low-altitude economy plays an important role in building a modern industrial system and has extremely broad development space.

According to calculations by relevant research units, the scale of China's low-altitude economy has exceeded 500 billion yuan (RMB, the same below) in 2023, and is expected to reach 2 trillion yuan in 2030.

  "Low-altitude logistics is an important application field for low-altitude economic activities." Ding Jinxue, deputy director of the Comprehensive Research Office of the National Development and Reform Commission's Comprehensive Transportation Research Institute, said in an interview with a reporter from China News Service that currently logistics and e-commerce companies such as, Cainiao, and are actively Explore the use of drones as daily logistics distribution tools and integration into logistics operation networks to improve logistics and distribution efficiency.

  Expert analysis points out that China's low-altitude economy is developing rapidly, with good momentum and large space.

For the first time, this meeting mentioned encouraging the combination with low-altitude economy in the path of reducing social logistics costs, which will help further improve relevant supporting policies and help the development of low-altitude economy.

  Third, make overall plans for logistics hubs and vigorously develop the “hub economy”.

  The meeting pointed out that we should coordinate the planning of logistics hubs, optimize the construction of transportation infrastructure and the layout of major productivity, and vigorously develop the airport economy and port economy.

  Ding Jinxue analyzed that logistics hubs are the core infrastructure of the logistics system.

Developing the airport economy and port economy around logistics hubs such as airports and ports can deeply embed logistics into the industrial chain and supply chain, thereby effectively serving the real economy and reducing logistics costs.

  In his view, to vigorously develop "hub economies" such as airport economy and port economy, we must accelerate the in-depth integrated development of transportation and economy, further enhance the resource gathering and radiation capabilities of transportation hubs such as airports and ports, and accelerate the transformation of transportation and logistics hubs into The transformation of modern logistics centers and multimodal transport centers will promote the development of industrial parks, industrial parks, manufacturing clusters, etc.

  Analysts believe that the current top-level design is already clear. As follow-up policies are gradually followed up and implemented effectively, the logistics operation efficiency of the whole society is expected to be further improved, and the space for cost reduction and efficiency increase will be further expanded, helping the high-quality development of the real economy.