China News Service, Beijing, February 28, Title: New elements: China accelerates mining of data "new gold"

  China News Service reporter Wang Enbo

  After the Spring Festival holiday, many departments in China jointly launched a national data resource survey, which was regarded by the outside world as another move to "nudge gold" from data.

  Along with land, labor, capital, and technology, China has attached great importance to data from the level of production factors.

Among the recent series of deployments to accelerate the development and utilization of new elements, three major directions deserve attention.

  One is to activate sleeping data and wake up productivity.

  According to statistics, China's data output will reach 8.1ZB (ten trillion bytes) in 2022, a year-on-year increase of 22.7%, accounting for 10.5% of the world, ranking second in the world.

Rich data resources are a huge asset, as long as they are not allowed to "sleep".

  Zhang Xianghong, a professor at the International Research Center for Information Management Theory and Technology at Beijing Jiaotong University, said bluntly that China's current public data, corporate data and personal data generally suffer from insufficient development motivation and insufficient utilization vitality, resulting in a large amount of data being deposited in government agencies, state-owned enterprises and platform enterprises. Within, it cannot play the role of its new production factors.

  The National Data Agency, established last year, has high hopes for awakening the productivity hidden in "dormant" data.

Analysts believe that this department’s unified leadership and coordination of data resource management at the national level will help urge all parties to improve data awareness and data management service capabilities.

  In response to the problem that data holders are "unwilling to open, dare not open, and cannot open", Liu Liehong, director of the National Data Administration, publicly stated that he will deepen data empowerment, promote the development of digital government in depth, and accelerate the market-oriented allocation of data elements. Reform, comprehensively improve the level of development and utilization of data resources, and make public data "available", "flowable" and "used well".

Measures such as implementing the data property rights separation system and optimizing the layout of data trading venues have been put on the agenda.

  The second is to exert the multiplier effect and release new value.

  "Empowerment", a popular word in the "Internet +" context, has taken on new connotations in the era of big data.

  Ouyang Rihui, deputy director of the China Internet Economic Research Institute at the Central University of Finance and Economics, believes that data elements are not a single enabling "+", but can exert a "multiplier effect."

Data is integrated into all aspects of production, distribution, circulation, consumption and social service management, and has an expansion effect on other production factors, service efficiency and economic aggregate.

  China has begun to explore this exciting prospect.

At the beginning of this year, a "Data Element ×" action jointly launched by 17 departments was officially launched. 12 industries and fields including industrial manufacturing, transportation, financial services, technological innovation, and medical health were initially selected to promote the use of China's massive data resources. multiplier effect.

In this process, data will not only be simply used, but will also be efficiently reused.

  Wang Yue, deputy director of the Information Systems Research Institute of the Department of Electronic Engineering at Tsinghua University, said that the reuse of data in different fields, different scenarios, and different subjects can generate new products and services and release new value of data.

For example, the large amount of process data accumulated over time in the manufacturing industry can help many companies improve product quality, and medical and health data can be used for clinical diagnosis, drug and device research and development, and medical insurance.

At the same time, data will not be lost during reuse, but will become "the more it is used, the more it is used" and "the more it is used, the better".

  The third is to bridge the development gap and promote common prosperity.

  The problem of unbalanced and inadequate development in China is still prominent, and people have gradually discovered that making good use of data is one of the ways to solve the problem.

  Shan Zhiguang, director of the Information and Industrial Development Department of the National Information Center, gave an example that "data empowerment" will improve the accuracy of inclusive services.

Artificial intelligence combined with big data innovative applications continues to improve the coverage and accuracy of services in key areas of people's livelihood. A number of digital innovative applications have emerged in the fields of medical care, education, elderly care, social security, employment, etc., which can serve different regions, different groups, and different industries. Enterprises and others provide personalized and diversified customized services.

  The "Implementation Plan for Digital Economy to Promote Common Prosperity" issued at the end of last year proposed that by 2025, the digital economy will be used to promote common prosperity and make positive progress in narrowing the gap between regions, urban and rural areas, groups, and basic public services.

  The relevant person in charge of the National Data Administration said that this move will help promote high-quality economic development and promote "making the cake bigger". It will also help improve the fairness of the initial distribution and promote "dividing the cake well."

New technologies such as big data and artificial intelligence empower thousands of industries and promote the digital transformation of traditional industries toward high-end and intelligent development.

At the same time, the circulation and application of data elements creates new possibilities for "equality of opportunity" and provides equal opportunities for all types of innovative entities to participate in new business formats and create new value.