China News Service, January 23: The State Council Information Office held a press conference on January 23 to introduce the operation of agriculture and rural economy in 2023.

Deng Xiaogang, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, introduced at the meeting that the Central Economic Work Conference and the Central Rural Work Conference held at the end of 2023 made specific arrangements for the work of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" and provided basic guidelines for doing a good job in the work of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers".

The agricultural and rural departments will conscientiously implement the decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, focus on laying a solid foundation, stabilizing production capacity, preventing risks, increasing vitality, and promoting continuous new progress and improvements in the work of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers".

  Deng Xiaogang said that in terms of work layout, we will focus on the main tasks of promoting comprehensive rural revitalization and accelerating the construction of an agricultural power, focusing on two major work sectors.

One is agricultural production focusing on food security, focusing on ensuring a stable and safe supply of food and important agricultural products; the other is rural revitalization focusing on rural development, construction and governance, focusing on consolidating and expanding the results of poverty alleviation and building a livable and industrial environment. Hemei Village and others.

  In terms of work measures, we focus on the key directions of "two guarantees, three improvements, and two strengthening" and implement them well.

  "Two guarantees" are to ensure national food security and ensure that no large-scale return to poverty occurs.

In terms of food security, we will implement a new round of action to increase grain production capacity by 100 billion kilograms, and further promote the action to increase the yield per unit area of ​​major crops such as grains and oils across the country. We will focus on stabilizing grain rations, corn, and soybeans. We will continue to expand the area of ​​rapeseed and strive to increase yield per unit area to ensure that Grain output remains above 1.3 trillion catties.

In terms of consolidating and expanding the results of poverty alleviation, the focus is to improve the monitoring and assistance mechanism to prevent return to poverty, guide the development of assistance industries in poverty-stricken areas in a classified manner, stabilize the employment scale of the poverty-stricken labor force, and guide and promote more resources to enhance the endogenous development of poverty-stricken areas and people who have emerged from poverty. On motivation.

  The "three improvements" are to continuously improve the level of rural industrial development, rural construction and rural governance.

First, promote the development of rural industries throughout the entire chain.

We will do a good job in "local specialties", refine and improve rural characteristic industries, develop and expand the agricultural product processing industry, further promote the integration of agriculture, culture and tourism, and promote the integrated development of rural primary, secondary and tertiary industries.

The second is to pragmatically promote rural construction actions.

Starting from the most urgent practical needs of farmers, we plan to promote the universalization and benefit of rural infrastructure and public services, to see the big from the small, from the point to the area, and to make solid progress in building a livable, industrial and beautiful countryside.

The third is to continue to strengthen rural governance.

Promote the transformation of rural customs, promote pragmatic and effective rural governance methods such as the list system, point system, and immediate handling of complaints, and increase the supply of rural cultural products full of farming interest.

  "Two reinforcements" are measures to strengthen the two-wheel drive of science and technology and reform and strengthen farmers' income increase.

The focus of scientific and technological innovation is to highlight application orientation, optimize working mechanisms, and strive to improve the overall effectiveness of the agricultural science and technology innovation system.

At the same time, we will strengthen the construction of high-standard farmland, accelerate the revitalization of the seed industry, and improve the research and development and application level of agricultural machinery and equipment.

The focus of deepening rural reform is to steadily advance the pilot project of extending the second round of land contracts for 30 years after the expiration of the second round, and to develop a new rural collective economy based on local conditions.

The focus of measures to strengthen farmers' income increase is to continuously expand the channels for farmers to increase their income and become rich through industry-driven, employment-driven and reform-driven efforts, so that farmers can share more of the fruits of reform and development.