Why is the charging cost of new energy vehicles rising? What are the relevant measures in place? Learn in one article

As one of the advantages of buying new energy vehicles, the cost of new energy vehicles has always attracted the attention of car owners. Recently, some new energy vehicle owners have reported that since the second half of the year, the charging cost of public charging piles has risen. Does this happen? With this problem, the reporter launched an investigation in many places.

Drivers of operating vehicles are more sensitive to changes in the charging costs of new energy vehicles, and Master Wei, an online car-hailing driver in Zhengzhou, Henan Province, is a ride-hailing driver who goes to a public charging station once or twice a day to charge his batteries, and his mobile phone clearly records the cost of each charge.

Wei Zhenhua, an online car-hailing driver in Zhengzhou, Henan: My charging fee has risen significantly, it used to be 1200,1500 yuan a month, and now it is as high as 8,<> yuan, which has indeed risen a lot. Especially after August, it has risen by about <> or <> percent.

The charging fee of public charging piles is composed of two parts: electricity price and service fee. The price of electricity has been mainly formed by the market, "flat in and flat out", charging pile operators are not allowed to increase the price, and the price varies in different seasons and several periods such as peak sections, wave bands, and flat sections every day. The service fee is based on market conditions and is determined by each charging pile operator. In the interview, the reporter found that not only Zhengzhou, but also many cities in Henan have risen in the cost of public pile charging.

Yu Haitao, head of Henan region of a new energy company: Our charging companies have made an increase in charging service fees, which is about 1 jiao to 1 jiao 2 cents or so compared with the beginning of the year, so on the whole, we feel that the increase in charging prices is relatively large.

According to the survey, the service fee of some charging companies has even increased by about 50%. So, why are they adjusting prices? Some charging pile operators told reporters that the high cost of charging pile construction in the early stage, as well as the long-term low-cost operation of the "market grabbing" strategy, let them face greater operating pressure.

Wei Hongyu, Operations Director of an Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. in Henan: The main reason for this increase is that with the deepening of our operation, we found that the service fee income of the charging station is even at risk of inversion compared with our station construction cost and our operating costs.

The financial reports of some charging operators show that although the operating income of enterprises is rising every year, it is negative profit every year. At the same time, in order to attract more users, operators tend to build high-power piles, but the basic cost of high-power charging piles is relatively high, and some also need to build corresponding distribution boxes, and maintenance costs will naturally rise. Therefore, the increase in service fees is the solution for cost recovery now.

The cost of new energy vehicles still has a great advantage over gasoline vehicles

Through interviews and investigations, the reporter found that in some cities, the rise in electric vehicle charging costs does exist, so does this situation occur in all cities in the country? Is there a cost advantage to buying an electric vehicle?

When the reporter interviewed and investigated in many places, it was found that the phenomenon of rising charging costs for new energy vehicles only occurred in local cities, and the charging costs in most cities across the country belonged to a stable range.

Beijing new energy vehicle owners: There is not much increase, these charging stations in the vicinity have been charged, there is no big change, basically the same as before.

Shenzhen new energy vehicle owners: At this time, the electricity price is 1.27 yuan per kilowatt-hour, and the overall cost is not particularly high, which is quite affordable.

According to data from the China Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Promotion Alliance, from January to October this year, the increase in public charging piles in China was 1,10 units, and the increase in October was 72,8 units, a year-on-year increase of 10.6%. The increase in the number of charging piles not only meets the rapid development of new energy vehicles, but also makes the competition between charging pile operators more intense.

Chen Dong, the person in charge of an intelligent technology company in Beijing: Now the overall price of charging is still relatively low, because the industry competition is relatively strong, we have a total of more than 40 charging stations in Beijing, and winter is now the peak season for charging, and the overall cost has not been adjusted.

Experts said that the fluctuation of charging fees in most cities is the result of market supply and demand adjustment, and cannot absolutely judge the quality of rising and falling. Now that most cities have abolished the maximum price limit for service fees, various operators can decide the level of charging service fees according to the competitive situation in the market. At the same time, in the face of the problem that the cost of new energy vehicles raised by some netizens is almost equal to that of oil vehicles, experts also calculated an account for reporters.

Liu Yongdong, Deputy Secretary-General of China Electricity Council: For example, we need about 10 liters of fuel for every 8 kilometers of a fuel truck, and we estimate that it is about 80 yuan, which is 15 yuan. Let's look at the tram again, on average, it takes about 1 kilowatt-hours of electricity per 5 kilometers, and the overall consumption of each kilowatt-hour plus service fee is about 15.22 yuan, so the entire 5 kilowatt-hours of electricity is about 25.25 yuan, even if it is 80 yuan, we look at <> yuan compared with <> yuan, it should be said that there is a huge gap like this.

New measures have been launched to shape the healthy development of new energy vehicles

In order to ensure a good charging experience for new energy vehicle owners, new policies such as time-of-use electricity prices for charging facilities have been introduced in various places. The implementation of relevant measures, on the one hand, guides car owners to use electricity rationally, and at the same time, it is more conducive to the healthy and sustainable development of the new energy vehicle industry.

In September this year, Shandong began to implement a new residential charging time-of-use electricity price policy, subdividing the peak and valley periods, adding deep valley and peak hours, in the deep valley period, the electricity price is 9.0 yuan per kilowatt hour, and the price difference between the peak hour and the peak hour is 222.0 yuan per kilowatt hour. By widening the spread, users are guided to avoid charging during rush hours.

Qingdao Jimo District new energy vehicle owners: Now charging at noon is the price of electricity in the deep valley, only more than 2 degrees, go home for a meal, and the electricity will be charged.

Not only Shandong, Guangdong, Jiangxi, Hunan, Shaanxi and other places have successively introduced a time-of-use electricity price policy for residents' electric vehicle charging facilities, charging car owners need to bear more costs during peak and peak hours, and car owners can enjoy lower prices than before during the trough hours.

Shenzhen new energy vehicle owners: now charging it belongs to the peak period, now it is 1.49 degrees, like we usually choose to charge at noon or night, the price will be more favorable.

In addition to the continuous development of government policies, some charging operators are also actively exploring new trends in future development. On the one hand, it is necessary to add new momentum to the business operation, and on the other hand, it is also necessary to consider the charging experience of car owners, in order to "stand out" in the market competition, they choose to provide more comprehensive services.

Chen Huanyu, operation director of a new energy company in Shenzhen: Our service fee is a little more than one degree in the triangle, 5% higher than the service fee of the surrounding operators, our advantage is that the supporting facilities are relatively complete, which solves the problem of the driver's dining and rest, and we also have a comprehensive service area, with fast car repair, fast washing, and a comprehensive service platform for online car-hailing.

At the same time, the level of interconnection between charging operators has also been strengthened. In Hainan, the reporter saw that the regulatory and operation service platform linked different operators. There are 165 charging and swapping operators, 63 public battery swap stations, and 3358,100 charging stations, and the access rate of the province's public charging pile platform has reached <>%. Through the construction of the platform, it not only unifies the payment method, makes it more convenient for car owners to "find a pile for charging", but also facilitates the monitoring of charging fee fluctuations.

Wang Jin, operation supervisor of Hainan Provincial Charging and Swapping Network Service Co., Ltd.: Realize the interconnection of pile network and power grid, timely feedback the charging station with non-standard charging pricing to the pile enterprise for rectification, and report it to the local government management department.

Experts said that whether it is the introduction of the time-of-use electricity price policy or the active attempts and interconnection measures of charging companies, they are releasing positive signals and exploring a new path for the development of the entire new energy vehicle charging industry.

Liu Yongdong, Deputy Secretary-General of China Electricity Council: Our country vigorously develops new energy vehicles, which is unswerving, in the middle of this process, including the charging facilities industry, the power industry and the automotive industry, we must focus on a healthy ecology to promote, to build.

(CCTV reporter Wu Hao, Sun Yuan, Yang Yaoyu, Henan station, Shenzhen station)