Author: Lin Xiaozhao
With the development of China's economy, the county economy has also continued to grow, and more and more large counties with a GDP of 100 billion yuan.
According to local statistical bulletins, government work reports and public data, the first financial reporter found that in 2022, China's GDP of 52 billion counties will increase to 5000, of which the total GDP of Kunshan will exceed 8 billion yuan, exceeding 10 provincial capitals; The number of <> billion counties in the central and western regions increased to <>.
Kunshan's GDP exceeds 8 provincial capitals
Data show that in 2022, China's GDP of 52 billion counties will increase to 9, <> more than the previous year, namely Shouguang City, Yizheng City, Zoucheng City, Minhou County, Pei County, Xiantao City, Gaoyou City, Yijin Holuo Banner and Dongtai City.
Among the 52 counties with a GDP of 2022 billion yuan, the top ten are Kunshan, Jiangyin, Zhangjiagang, Jinjiang, Changshu, Cixi, Yixing, Shenmu, Changsha County and Yiwu. Among them, the frontrunner Kunshan completed a GDP of 5006.7 billion yuan in 1, a year-on-year increase of 8.5000% at constant prices, becoming the first county in the country with a GDP of more than 8 billion yuan. If Kunshan is compared with the prefecture-level listing, Kunshan's total GDP surpasses that of eight provincial capitals including Guiyang and Lanzhou, and its GDP ranks about 57th.
Niu Fengrui, president of the Small and Medium-sized Cities Research Institute, analyzed that Kunshan is very close to Shanghai and receives a lot of radiation and functional spillover from Shanghai. In recent years, the transformation and upgrading of Kunshan is very prominent in the county, and the development of high-tech industries is very good.
Data show that in 2022, there will be 5,7 newly registered market entities in Kunshan, 6 new listed enterprises, a total of 46, and the first county-level service base on the Beijing Stock Exchange in the country has been successfully settled; Completed industrial investment of 250 billion yuan, an increase of 8.4%, and the total amount hit a new high in five years; The output value of strategic emerging industries in Kunshan has reached 6000 billion yuan, accounting for 55.5% of the industrial output value above the scale, the proportion of R&D investment in the whole society to the regional GDP has increased to 3.83%, and the net increase of 436 high-tech enterprises has exceeded 2700,<>.
The city size of Kunshan is also growing. According to the "2020 Chinese Census by County", Kunshan's urban population reached 141,43,106, ranking first among the <> major cities in the country, ranking first among county-level cities.
After Kunshan, Jiangyin has ranked second among the top 2022 counties for many consecutive years. Jiangyin, which is also located in southern Jiangsu, has a GDP of 4754.18 billion yuan in 2, a year-on-year increase of 3.200%, and the total GDP is only more than 5000 billion yuan away from the top Kunshan list. This year, Jiangyin is expected to become the second county with a GDP of more than <> billion.
Jiangyin's private economy is very developed. The data shows that the private economy contributes more than 70% of the city's tax revenue and GDP, more than 80% of the total industrial economy and fixed asset investment, and more than 90% of the number of employment and enterprises. In the list of China's top 2022 private enterprises in 500, 14 private enterprises in Jiangyin were selected, accounting for about 15% of the province.
After Jiangyin, other cities are far from the 4000 billion GDP mark. Zhangjiagang and Jinjiang are in the 3000 billion echelon, ranking third and fourth respectively. Among them, Jinjiang's GDP exceeded the 3000 billion mark for the first time. Since 1994, Jinjiang has led the Fujian county economy for 29 consecutive years, the footwear and apparel industry is its important magic weapon, a series of well-known sports brands such as Anta, 361°, Xtep and so on have emerged locally, Jinjiang is also known as the "Shoe Capital of China". In terms of clothing industry, Jinjiang has well-known brands such as Seven Wolves, Qi Brand, Jinba, Jiumuwang, and leading household paper enterprises such as Heng'an.
Changshu, Cixi, Yixing, Shenmu and Changsha counties are in the echelon of GDP 2000 billion. Among them, Shaanxi's Shenmu exceeded 2000 billion yuan for the first time, and it was also the first county in the western region with a GDP of more than 2000 billion, while Shenmu also surpassed Changsha County, rising to the eighth place in the country, approaching the seventh Yixing, with a nominal GDP growth rate of 20.7% last year. The rapid growth of Shenmu's total GDP is mainly related to the rise in coal prices. In 2022, Shenmu produced 3 million tons of raw coal, becoming the main source of Shenmu's GDP.
Jiangsu occupies 21 seats, and the number of counties in the central and western regions has reached 10
From the regional distribution of 52 counties with a GDP of 42 billion yuan, the eastern coastal areas reached <>. Niu Fengrui said that most of the <> billion counties in the coastal areas have strong manufacturing clusters, and their industrial development is very prominent.
In terms of provinces, 52 hundred billion counties come from 12 provinces. Among them, Jiangsu, the second largest economic province, has the most counties of 21 billion, accounting for 5% of the country; Among the top ten counties of 4 billion, Jiangsu accounts for 2000; Among the top five, 4 counties occupy <>, and the total economic volume of these four counties exceeds <> billion yuan, namely Kunshan, Jiangyin, Zhangjiagang and Changshu, these <> county-level cities can be called the "Four Little Dragons of Southern Jiangsu".
From the perspective of 21 county-level cities in Jiangsu, southern Jiangsu, central Jiangsu and northern Jiangsu are distributed, of which 8 are in southern Jiangsu, and most of them rank relatively high and have strong strength; There are 9 in the Soviet Union and 4 in the northern Jiangsu region.
After Jiangsu, Zhejiang has a total of 9 hundred billion counties, including 2 each in Jiaxing, Ningbo and Wenzhou, and 1 each in Shaoxing, Taizhou and Jinhua. Cixi ranks first in the GDP of counties in Zhejiang Province, and has formed six high-quality landmark industrial chains such as smart home appliances, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, bearings, intelligent equipment, rare earth magnetic materials, and medical equipment.
Fujian on the southeast coast has six 6 billion counties, of which 6 are Quanzhou, a large private economic city, and the other 4 are in Fuzhou, the provincial capital. Quanzhou is a famous hometown of overseas Chinese in Fujian and the most developed private economy in Fujian. Ding Changfa, associate professor of the Department of Economics at Xiamen University, said that a major feature of Quanzhou's economic development is that the county economy is very developed, the county economy has formed a very complete industrial chain, and several counties under its jurisdiction have prominent main industries.
Shandong has 5 2 billion counties, <> more than the previous year, and the new ones are Zoucheng and Shouguang. Hebei's <> billion county is Qian'an, relying on mineral resources, Qian'an has developed into a first-class steel industry base in the country, known as the "steel city".
There are 10 2022 billion counties in the central and western regions, from seven provinces: Hunan, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Guizhou, Jiangxi, Anhui and Hubei. Among them, Hubei has a county of 1013 billion yuan - Xiantao for the first time, and Xiantao will achieve a GDP of 14.<> billion yuan in <>.
In general, the 100 billion counties in the central and western regions are divided into several categories, one of which is Shenmu, Junger Banner, and Ijin Holo Banner and other counties that "have mines at home". Thanks to rising energy prices, the total GDP of these coal producing areas has grown rapidly. Among them, Yulin City, Shaanxi Province, where Shenmu is located, surpassed Luoyang, Henan, which has long been the first non-provincial capital city in the central and western provinces, and became a new leader last year.
Although cities with outstanding energy development are currently growing rapidly and gaining momentum, they should also carry out transformation as soon as possible. At present, major energy cities, including Yulin and Ordos, are also accelerating the transformation of the energy industry, developing new energy industries and accelerating the development of non-energy industries.
The other category is Changsha County, Nanchang County, Feixi County and other counties close to provincial capitals. Niu Fengrui said that such counties belong to the suburban counties of central cities, and have formed a close division of labor and cooperation relationship with the central urban areas of the provincial capital cities, which can develop advanced manufacturing, and they are also the key areas of the manufacturing layout of provincial capitals.
In addition, there is a type of county that has super characteristic industries such as Renhuai and Xiantao. For example, Renhuai is the location of Moutai Group, whose scale industrial added value increased by 18.5% last year, ranking first in Zunyi City; The total output value and added value of the liquor industry reached 899.7 billion yuan and 796.2 billion yuan respectively, both increasing by 18.9%.
Hubei Xiantao has been finely weaving "a piece of cloth" in the past 40 years, accumulating 40% of the country's nonwovens production capacity, and the export of nonwovens products accounts for 40% of the country, becoming the largest nonwovens production, processing and export base in China. At the same time, Xiantao has gathered more than 1500,<> garment production and processing market entities in the city.