What sane person would think of talking about sports at a time like this? It is a logical question that may come to your mind, there is an entire city with more than two million people that is bombed daily mercilessly, non-stop, and its people are deprived of water, electricity, energy, and everything related to human livelihoods, and subjected to ethnic cleansing and genocide, to the extent that it requires the use of ice cream carts to load corpses, after the morgues are filled to the brim with dead people (1).

Perhaps talking about sports at the moment is one of the trivialities that must be lifted in order to shed attention on the endless crimes of the occupation. For the Palestinians, sport has never been trivial, as sport has always been present as one of the arms of the popular resistance, which the occupation sought to obstruct and obliterate by all means. It is a threat to everything that it has built or may build, just as the weapon of the word has only been seen with the same eye, trying in various ways to restrain mouths and bury the Palestinian narrative.

We are talking about an occupying entity whose most senior official, Prime Minister Netanyahu, decided to hold a meeting with Elon Musk, the owner of X-Twitter, to ask him to be more assertive about "anti-Semitic and hateful" content. Yes, Israel is so interested in what we sometimes see as "trivialities," and ironically, Netanyahu's meeting with Elon Musk came before the events of October 2, that is, before even the day comes when X becomes the voice of all those fleeing the constraints of the "meta" and its clear biases. This is what Israel and its security services are doing with what some say is "just a word", let alone what it can do with sports, something that can spread patriotism and stir people's feelings. (3) (4) (5) (<>).

Netanyahu asked Musk to be more assertive about "anti-Semitic and hateful" content just because he has a global network that still supports little so-called "freedom of expression."

As for the broadcast of patriotism, it is not our opinion, but the opinion of many sports sociologists, as the late South African leader Nelson Mandela put it, after South Africa won the World Rugby Championship in 1995. Now, it's time to talk about the dark history of Israel with Palestinian sports, but before that, let's tell you a short story (3).

Because Black Lives Matter really

Fifty-five years ago, in October 55, one of the most iconic moments in Olympic history and perhaps in the history of the sport occurred: after the 1968-meter race, in which American sprinters Tommy Smith and John Carlos excelled and finished first and third respectively, the two players stood on the podium to receive medals, and as soon as the American national anthem resounded in the audience, both Smith and Carlos fell silent and did not utter a word (200).

50 years ago today, athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos raised their fists in silent protest during the U.S. national anthem at the 1968 Olympics. pic.twitter.com/YM7sEOCOAG

— AJ+ (@ajplus) October 16, 2018

Smith and Carlos are black, and you probably know how much American society was teeming with racism and hatred towards blacks, the same society in which Smith and Carlos were born and raised until they reached that important and pivotal moment in their lives, not only in their sports careers, but at that moment they never thought about themselves, they did not think about personal glory, or a sports history that was about to be underlined, but all they had in mind was to convey the voice of thousands of their compatriots who They suffer oppression, discrimination and abuse daily to the whole world (6).

The iconography of that moment was not in their not singing the national anthem, but in explaining the suffering of their compatriots by symbolizing everything with something; Smith – the gold winner – raised his fist right up, in a sign of the strength of blacks, at the same time Carlos – the bronze winner – raised his left fist to signify the "unity" of blacks, Carlos also wore a beaded necklace to symbolize the deliberate killings of black Americans, and both Smith and Carlos climbed to the podium wearing black stockings, without Shoes, to signify the poverty experienced by the black community in the United States (6).

Smith and Carlos paid a high price, just two days after the incident they were expelled from the American team mission and their names were deleted, and the American press attacked them relentlessly, not to mention the amount of racism that exceeded the limits towards them, to the point that some called them "traitorous black rats", and even received hundreds of death threats in the years that followed, to the point that Smith separated from his wife, and while Smith was still at the height of his sports career, the golden runner turned - Within four years, he has to just coach children in a school in the north of England, to make a living (6)(7)!

Many books have been written about the life story of runners, the magnitude of their influence, and even the construction of statues for them, and to this day they have become icons to defend the rights of black people. (Photo: Getty Images)

Smith and Carlos may have paid a high price, but what they did had a huge impact not only on the level of the United States, but in all oppressed black communities around the world, and that moment was later known as the "Black Power Salute", many books were written about the life story of the runners, and the magnitude of their influence, and even built statues for them, and they have become - to this day - icons to defend the rights of black people. That moment may have nipped their sporting careers in the bud, but in return it immortalized them in the minds of millions, and in the pages of history, forever (6) (7).

Now imagine that Smith and Carlos are two children of occupied Palestine, born in the besieged Gaza Strip by land, sea and air from the occupation forces in the largest open prison in the world, and they saw death with their own eyes day after day; they start their day with a rocket, and end it with another, if they do not experience the bitterness of loss in their closest relatives, not to mention the checkpoints at whose doors Palestinians are treated like insects, not as human beings (8) (9).

Imagine that a child born and raised in the midst of all that cruelty, lack of tricks and tricks, and one day arrived on the Olympic podium with the Palestinian flag on his back, just imagine how many children would be affected by him, just imagine how the Palestinians would gather around him and become more and more resolute and stronger, just imagine how he would be raised on the necks as a national hero, a living symbol of resistance, without even referring to any suffering on that podium as Smith and Carlos did. This surreal moment represents a nightmare for the Zionist entity, a nightmare that no one wants to wake up one day after, and for this reason the occupation has sought from the first day with all its efforts to prevent this nightmare from becoming a reality.

A sports catastrophe. and early conspiracy

We don't really know whether we need to explain what happened in the 1948 Nakba. We are talking about one of the greatest ethnic cleansing in history, and if we really need to explain, we don't explicitly know where to start; do we begin by telling the story of some 800,85 Palestinians forcibly displaced from their homes? Or do we start with the Zionists taking over 15% of historic Palestine at that time? Or are we talking about more than 70,531 Palestinians who died in 10 bloody massacres carried out by armed Zionist gangs, and even the destruction of <> Palestinian villages (<>)?

It was not called a "Nakba" in a vacuum; it was a Nakba in everything. The Nakba broke the back of Palestinian sports and almost completely destroyed the infrastructure, including the Palestinian Sports Federation, while the remaining buildings and facilities were taken over by the occupation authorities under one of the strangest laws known to humanity, the same law that robbed thousands of Palestinians of their lands and homes, which they still keep the keys to its doors, in the hope of returning to it one day. Known as the Absentee Law, it states that those who left the country during 1948 no longer have a right to their property if they left for an "enemy state," and that internally displaced persons are "present absentees," and are also denied access to their property (3).

From the moment of the declaration of the Israeli occupation state, sport for the Palestinian people was no longer a matter of entertainment, but a matter of identity and part of the Palestinian struggle for survival. A new Palestinian generation of athletes was born from the heart of occupied Palestine and hundreds of Palestinian refugee camps, so that Palestine participated in the first Arab Games in Alexandria in 1953, and even achieved 11 medals (5 silver and 6 bronze), to come fourth out of 9 countries in the number of medals at the time (11) (12).

Palestine participated in the Pan Arab Games again in 1961, winning 8 medals (one gold and 7 bronze), and in that period Palestinian sports not only breathed a sigh of relief, but began to feel signs of real stability for the first time in two decades, especially in the Gaza Strip, which was under Egyptian rule, which over time became the center of gravity of Palestinian sports, and in 1962 the Palestinian Football Association and several other federations were established. In light of this clear sporting renaissance, of course, the occupying entity will not stand idly by (11) (12)!

Israel tried in various ways to pressure the international federations of the various games, especially the International Federation of Football "FIFA", in order to prevent the federations established in Palestine from joining the federations of the International Games, and the argument at the time was simple; Gaza is not under Palestinian sovereignty, but is considered an Egyptian territory, so its affiliation with these international federations is a violation of international laws as part of another country. It seems a joke; Israel is talking about violating international laws (11).

Between the sixties and nineties of the last century, Palestine submitted several times an application to join the International Federation of Football "FIFA", as well as the International Olympic Committee "IOC", after the establishment of the Palestinian Olympic Committee in 1974, but each time the rejection was an ally of these requests, until Faraj finally came in the nineties after intensive efforts, and Palestine was recognized as a member of the "IOC" and "FIFA" in 1995 and 1998 respectively (11) (13).

The Palestinian Olympic Committee also became a member of the AFC in 1986. It participated in the Asian Olympic Games in 1990 and the International Olympic Games in 1996 for the first time in its history, as well as some symbolic successes of Palestinian sport in that period, such as football in the ninth Arab Games in 1999, and with all these recognitions, memberships and some tangible successes and developments, Palestinian sport has become a real threat to the occupation authorities, to enter since then into a completely new phase of repression, distortion and deterrence (3) (11) (13).

Killing and targeting

Since the beginning of the third millennium, the occupation authorities have targeted Palestinian athletes in an unprecedented manner, in the first Al-Aqsa intifada, about 300 players from various Palestinian sports were killed, 300 players with 300 different dreams, most of them football players, which led to the deterioration of sports activity in the country in the period that followed, but in any case, this was only the beginning of years of targeting Palestinian athletes in the dirtiest possible way (14)!

In July 2014, Israeli missiles targeted the home of former player and coach Ahed Zaqout, killing him instantly. Ahed Zaqout was one of the most prominent Palestinian football players in his years of play, but his role after retirement is what prompted the occupation authorities to target and kill him, as he had a pivotal role in establishing the junior football school at Gaza Sports Club, which brought to light many players of the Palestinian national team, and he was also one of the founders of another school for juniors at Al-Hilal Al-Ghazi Club in 2005. Zaqout was influential in creating new football generations that wanted to carry the Palestinian flag and raise its flag in continental and international forums, but the price of that was his life (15) (16).

عاهد زقوت هو مثال من مئات الأمثلة التي استُهدِفت وقُتِلت بدم بارد، لكن أكثر فئة كانت تُستهدف هم هؤلاء المراهقون والشباب ممن تظهر عليهم علامات الكفاءة في وقت مبكر. في يناير/كانون الثاني عام 2009 قتلت سلطات الاحتلال 3 لاعبين كرة قدم كان يرى الجميع أن لديهم مستقبلا واعدا؛ وهم أيمن الكُرد، ووجيه مشتهى، وشادي السباخي، وبعد شهرين فقط من مقتل الثلاثة، قتلت سلطات الاحتلال اللاعب ساجي درويش، الذي كان من أبرز المواهب الكروية الصاعدة آنذاك، في ربيعه الـ18 فقط (17).

لم يقتصر الصهاينة في القتل على لاعبي كرة القدم فحسب، فقد فقدت الرياضة الفلسطينية شهداء في مختلف الرياضات، كان من ضمنهم لاعب الكاراتيه الراحل يوسف قدوم في أغسطس/آب عام 2022. يوسف كان من أبرز لاعبي الكاراتيه بنادي الزيتون الرياضي، وشارك في العديد من البطولات، قبل أن يستشهد عن عمر 24 عاما جرّاء قصف لمنزله بحي الشجاعية.

يوسف لم يكن أول شهيد بعائلته، فقد قُتِل بعد 20 عاما من استشهاد والده، سلمان قدوم، تاركا خلفه طفلا بعمر الرابعة وهو يوسف ذاته، وعندما كَبُر يوسف وأصبح بعمر والده، وابنته الصغيرة بعمره هو عندما استُشهد والده، قتلتهم صواريخ الاحتلال ولم تترك خلفها طفلا هذه المرة. الأب والابن والحفيدة استشهدوا، وقدموا دليلا مُسبقا على أن العائلات التي تُمحى بالكامل الآن في قطاع غزة هم فقط امتداد لمئات سبقوهم (18) (19)!

رغم قسوته ووحشيته، لم يكن القتل هو أسوأ ما تفعله سلطات الاحتلال للرياضيين، لأن الأسوأ من أن يُقتَل أحدهم هو أن يُقتَل حلمه أمام عينيه وهو على قيد الحياة؛ أن يفقد أعز ما يملك في جسده، ورأس ماله الرياضي، والوسيلة التي تُخوِّله من ممارسة حقه المشروع في اللعب. دائما ما تدّعي سلطات الاحتلال أن قتلها للرياضيين ليس مُتعمَّدا، وإن اعتبرنا للحظة أن هذه الرواية صائبة؛ فهل إطلاق الرصاصات على "سيقان" الرياضيين بالتحديد -دونا عن غيرهم- هو أيضا من قبيل المصادفة؟

في يناير/كانون الثاني عام 2014، كان جوهر ناصر (19 عاما) وآدم عبد الرؤوف حلبية (17 عاما) عائدين من التدريب، وبمجرّد اقترابهما من إحدى نقاط التفتيش، انهالت الرصاصات على أقدام جوهر، لتستقبل قدماه الاثنتان 10 رصاصات، وعندما حاول آدم إنقاذ صديقه تلقّى هو الآخر رصاصتين، واحدة في كل قدم، ولم يكن ذلك كافيا لقوات الاحتلال؛ فبعد أن وقع جوهر وزميله على الأرض غارقين في دمائهما، تركت قوات الاحتلال كلابها لتقوم بضربهما وعضّهما في أجسادهما، ليكون تدريبهما في مساء هذا اليوم بملعب فيصل الحسيني هو الأخير في مسيرتهما الرياضية (20)!

ادّعت قوات الاحتلال أن جوهر وآدم كانا على وشك إلقاء قنبلة على نقطة التفتيش، لكن تلك بالطبع ما هي إلا كذبة أخرى، تماما مثل كذبة "40 رضيعا مقطوع الرأس" التي لم يرها أحد، لكن رئيس دولة بحجم الولايات المتحدة الأميركية خرج ليكذب علنا على العالم، ومعه رئيس الوزراء الإسرائيلي، ثم تناولت الخبر شبكات إعلامية تُعطي العالم دروسا في المصداقية والتحقق من الخبر (20) (21).

طبعا نُفيت الكذبة فيما بعد، بعد أن كُشِف أنها مجرد كذبة من آلاف الكذبات التي سبقتها، وخرجت الشبكات نفسها لتوضّح أن أحدا لم يتأكد من صحة هذا الادّعاء، لكن هذا أيضا هو جزء من الخطة، وجزء من الخداع، لأن أحدا لن يتذكر النفي، ولأن الخداع هو جزء لا يتجزأ من تاريخ هذا الكيان المُحتل، على لسان قادته بأنفسهم (22) (30).

"لقد تعلمت أنه لا يمكن حكم دولة إسرائيل في جيلنا دون الخداع والمغامرة".

موشيه شاريت، أول وزير خارجية لإسرائيل (22)

ربما كانت واقعة جوهر وآدم هي الأبرز من نوعها، لكنها أبدا لم تكن الوحيدة؛ ففي 30 مارس/آذار عام 2018، وهو اليوم الأول من احتجاجات "مسيرة العودة الكبرى"، أُصيب الدراج الفلسطيني علاء الدالي بعيارات نارية في ساقه اليمنى، مما أدى إلى بترها فيما بعد، لتقتل قوات الاحتلال حلما آخر، هذا لأن علاء كان على وشك المشاركة في الألعاب الرياضية الآسيوية (23).

خلال الاحتجاجات ذاتها التي استمرت نحو 20 شهرا، أصيب أكثر من 7900 فلسطيني بأعيرة نارية، كان من ضمنهم 30 رياضيا في أول شهر فقط! وهناك عدد منهم أصيب في أقدامه واضطر لبترها، تماما كما حدث لعلاء، لكن قصة علاء تحديدا كانت فريدة؛ لأن هذا الرجل لم ييأس بعد بتر أقدامه من مواصلة حلمه الرياضي، وقرر أن يتقدم للمشاركة في دورة الألعاب الآسيوية البارالمبية، لكن مرة أخرى، كان علاء على موعد مع خيبة أمل جديدة؛ حيث رفضت سلطات الاحتلال أن تمنحه تصريحا بمغادرة البلاد للمشاركة في الألعاب، في إجراء تعسُّفي حدث لآلاف العاملين بالقطاع الرياضي من قبله (23) (24) (25).

لأن القتل لم ولن يكون كافيا

صور للصلاة على بعض الشهداء في الحرب على غزة. (الصورة: الفرنسية)

بين عام 2000 وعام 2014 استشهد نحو 540 فلسطينيا من الكوادر الرياضية المختلفة، ناهيك بآلاف الجرحى، ومئات القُعَداء ومبتوري الأقدام، والمعتقلين بالسجون الإسرائيلية حتى اليوم، التي لم تقوَ السجلات الرسمية على حصرهم لكثرتهم، لكن كل هؤلاء ليسوا كفاية لسلطات الاحتلال، لتمارس بالتزامن مع تلك الجرائم اللا إنسانية المزيد من الجرائم تجاه الأبنية والمنشآت الرياضية (26).

في عام 2006 قصفت إسرائيل ملعب فلسطين الدولي في قطاع غزة، وهو الملعب الأهم للمنتخب الفلسطيني الأول والعديد من الأندية ومنتخبات الشباب، وخمِّن بمَ علل ممثل إسرائيل في الفيفا آنذاك هذا الهجوم؟ قاعدة عسكرية نعم، يا للمفاجأة غير المتوقعة بالمرة، تعليل جديد كليا. طبعا وجدت فيفا أن هذه كذبة أخرى، وقررت دفع تكاليف الترميم، لكنها الفيفا ذاتها التي منحت إسرائيل الحق في إقامة مباريات التصفيات الأوروبية في تل أبيب، في العام ذاته الذي حدث فيه القصف، هل نحن متفاجئون؟ امممممم.. لا، لسنا كذلك (27).

عادت إسرائيل لتقصف ملعب فلسطين الدولي مرة أخرى عام 2012، وهذه المرة عقدت العزم على ألا تترك منه شبرا واحدا بلا دمار؛ 11 طنا من المتفجرات في آنٍ واحد، أحالت المجمع الرياضي بالكامل إلى دمار غير مسبوق. في العام ذاته قصفت قوات الاحتلال ملعب اليرموك بقطاع غزة، وكذلك ملعب بيت حانون، ناهيك بالملاعب التي جُرِفَ العشب الخاص بها ليصبح غير صالح للاستخدام، أما عن مقرات الأندية الرياضية التي تعرّضت للقصف فحدّث ولا حرج؛ بين عامي 2008-2013 فقط، قُصِف 14 ناديا بصواريخ الاحتلال، كما قُصِف مقر اللجنة الأولمبية الفلسطينية وكذلك اتحاد كرة القدم (26) (28) (29).

ملعب فلسطين بعد تدميره جراء القصف الإسرائيلي في حرب 2012. (الصورة: مواقع التواصل)

السلطات التي تسعى لتدمير منشآت قائمة بالفعل، بل ومحوها تماما لتصبح أثرا بعد عين، بالطبع لن تسمح ببناء غيرها، فبالتزامن مع الهجمات المتكررة على البنية التحتية الرياضية كانت سلطات الاحتلال تمنع وتعرقل بناء أي منشأة رياضية أخرى؛ ملاعب، صالات رياضية، منشآت إدارية، إلخ. ولأن هذا ليس كافيا أيضا، كانت سلطات الاحتلال تُقيّد مرور أي أدوات أو معدات رياضية من المعابر الحدودية، بما في ذلك المعدات التي تأتي في صورة مساعدات من باقي الدول العربية ومن الفيفا، وعلى المؤسسات الرياضية أن تدفع مبالغ باهظة إن أرادت لهذه المعدّات المرور بسلام (26).

إن كنت تعتقد أن هذه التضييقات تنتهي بخروج اللاعبين من الأراضي الفلسطينية فأنت مُخطئ، ويمكن أن تشرح لك الأمر البعثة الفلسطينية في أولمبياد ريو 2016؛ إذ إنهم أُجبروا على السفر إلى البرازيل دون أي معدات تدريبية بحوزتهم، واضطروا لشراء معدات بديلة عندما سافروا، وإن كنت تعتقد أن الأمر يتوقف عند المعدات فأنت مُخطئ أيضا؛ لأن حتى الملابس الخاصة بالرياضيين لم تصل إلى البرازيل إلا في اللحظات الأخيرة بعد تأخيرها عمدا، وهو الأمر نفسه الذي حدث لمنتخب الفدائيين في نهائيات كأس آسيا 2017 (11) (32) (33).

لا معدات، ولا صالات، ولا ملاعب، ولا هيئات إدارية قادرة على مزاولة عملها دون تضييقات واقتحامات لا تتوقف؛ ماذا تتوقع أن تُنتج الرياضة الفلسطينية في النهاية؟ إسرائيل تفعل كل ما بوسعها لكي لا يوجد سميث وكارلوس الفلسطينيان في أحداث رياضية من الأساس، وإن حدث وكانا موجودين، فالأهم ألا يكونا كفئا لدرجة أن يصلا إلى منصة التتويج بالنهاية. وبالطبع في ظل كل تلك الانتهاكات، فلن تكون هناك منظومة قادرة على إنتاج رياضيين أكفاء قادرين على المنافسة، لأن الحقيقة المؤلمة هي أن الدوافع وحدها لا تكفي لصنع الأمجاد.

"ليس لدينا حمامات سباحة أولمبية بطول 50 مترا للتدرب عليها، وليس لدينا مدربون خبراء. لقد كانت المرة الأولى التي أتدرب فيها في حمام سباحة 50 مترا في استعدادات الألعاب الأولمبية نفسها!" (31).

دانيا نور. (الجزيرة)

جاءت هذه الكلمات على لسان السباحة الأولمبية الفلسطينية، دانيا نور، التي شاركت في أولمبياد طوكيو الماضية. كانت دانيا مُجبرة طوال فترة استعداداتها للأولمبياد أن تتدرب في حمام سباحة بطول 25 مترا فقط، وهو نصف حجم حمام السباحة الأوليمبي التي ستنافس نظيراتها فيه في الأولمبياد، بل والأسوأ من ذلك أن حتى هذا المسبح الذي كانت تتدرب به كان يُغلق تماما في فصل الشتاء، ما يترك أمامها خيارين أًصعب من بعضهما: إما الذهاب إلى رام الله الواقعة فعليا على بعد ثلاث ساعات بسبب حركة المرور، أو عبور الحواجز العسكرية في الصباح الباكر للذهاب إلى القدس، وهو ما يتطلب تصريح عبور نادرا ما تمنحه سلطات الاحتلال (31).

معايير مزدوجة

Israel has manipulated all international sports standards, charters and norms in its repeated violations of Palestinian sports and athletes, which included denying them even the right to freedom of movement, which is self-evident for every human being, but for Palestinians it is a pipe dream with 150 fixed checkpoints and 100 others mobile throughout the country. But in fact, there is another crime that we have not talked about so far, and if the devil of that land is able to evade all his crimes with his cunning and deception, this particular crime cannot be evaded, because it represents a flagrant violation of the laws of FIFA (9).

Israel, which devoted all its efforts about 60 years ago to prevent Palestinian sports federations from joining international federations, under the pretext that the Gaza Strip – the center of gravity of Palestinian sports at the time – was not under Palestinian control, is the same country that today has 6 clubs competing in the various grades of the Israeli league, in the heart of the Israeli settlements in the West Bank, which are considered Palestinian territories according to the United Nations and according to FIFA itself, which is a clear violation of Articles 10.1 and 2.72 From the FIFA Constitution (26) (34).

"By allowing the Israel Football Association to hold matches inside settlements, FIFA engages in commercial activities that support Israeli settlements, which contravenes human rights obligations that FIFA recently affirmed in an April 2016 report, commissioned by FIFA itself and written by John Ruggie, author of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights."

Human Rights Watch (35)

Satan may not be able to evade this crime, but Israel does not really need to, it does not need to evade all the crimes it has committed in fact, because it is immune from punishment, because the Israeli file of violations is surrounded by barbed wire, and written in bold type: "It is forbidden to approach or touch", and because FIFA and the International Olympic Committee, who have imposed countless sanctions against sports, athletes, administrators, businessmen, earth bugs, flying flies and everything that speaks Russian, are In fact, they are not deaf, dumb and blind, but they see only with one eye, they hear only with one ear, and their mouths speak only for certain rights, because "everyone" in the saying: "rights are guaranteed to all" has never and will never really mean "everyone" (36) (37).

Fifty years ago, the icon of the Palestinian struggle and literature, Ghassan Kanafani, was assassinated treacherously, after the occupation forces planted an explosive device in his car, but Ghassan's words in defense of his cause for which he was assassinated are still alive and shocking: "This world kills justice with contempt every day." (50)



1. In Gaza, they use ice cream carts to store corpses because morgues are not enough – Businessinsider

2- Netanyahu urges Elon Musk to curb anti-Semitism on his platform X – The Guardian

3- Palestinian Sports: Decades Before and After the Nakba – Palestinechronicle

4- What's Hidden Greatest "Closed Space" – Al Jazeera YouTube

5. Facebook cooperates with Israeli government on content to censor – The Intercept

6- In history: How Tommy Smith and John Carlos' protest at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics shook the world – BBC

7- Black Power Salute: Previously defamed, now praised – Al Jazeera

8. Gaza: World's Largest Open Air Prison – Youssef Hattab on Instagram

9- "The Gift" accurately tells the suffering of Palestinians at checkpoints – alarab

10- On its 74th anniversary. The Nakba is Palestine's Deep Wound – Al Jazeera

11- When Palestinian Sports Became Israel's Nightmare – Palestinechronicle

12- Palestine in Arab Sports Tournaments – hpalestinesports

13- Palestine and the Olympics: Creating a Collective National Consciousness – Palestinechronicle

14- Palestinian sports suffer from the oppression of the Israeli occupation – Al Jazeera

15. Targeting players is part of Israel's larger game plan – thenationalnews

16- Martyr Captain Ahed Zaqout, the jewel of Palestinian sports – palsport

17- Why Palestine's Sports Victories Are Part of the Resistance – peoplesworld

18- His father was martyred in 2002. Widespread obituary for Palestinian athlete martyred in the recent aggression on Gaza – Al Jazeera Mubasher

19- Palestinian athlete among martyrs of Israeli raids on Gaza as shelling continues for the third consecutive day – Newarab

20- After recent events, Israel's future at FIFA under threat – The Nation

21. Has Hamas really beheaded children? – Al Jazeera English on YouTube

22- When FIFA abandons its principles in order to please Israel – Palestinechronicle

23- Palestinian cyclist's dream of competing in the Asian Games is rejected twice – SCMP

24- The Great March of Return – MSF

25- Israel injured 30 Palestinian athletes in Gaza – MEM

26- Israeli violations against Palestinian sports – Wafa News Agency

27- FIFA funds the repair of a football stadium in Gaza – ynetnews

28- The suffering of Palestinian sports under the Israeli occupation – spor

29- Football in Palestine is not fair to sports diplomacy – al-monitor

30- What Ito did not say and what Salah did not do. Why we invent and believe rumors – Al Jazeera

31- The Israeli occupation has hindered the progress of this Palestinian Olympian, but it has not been able to hinder her resolve – MEM

32- Israel bans Palestinians heading to the Olympics from traveling – Al Jazeera

33- Palestinian pride and solidarity at the Olympic Games – Institute for Palestine Studies

34- FIFA under pressure to punish Israel for settlement matches – al-monitor

35. Israel/Palestine: FIFA sponsorships of the Games on seized territory – HRW

36- FIFA and UEFA ban Russian clubs and teams from all competitions until further notice – FIFA

37- Questions and answers regarding the participation of athletes holding a Russian or Belarusian passport in international competitions – Olympics.com

38- Assassination of Ghassan Kanafani. The scenario of the accident so as not to forget – the seventh day