, November 11 The Ministry of Emergency Management released the national natural disaster situation in October 3 on its official website on the 3rd. According to the data, in October, a total of 2023.10 million people were affected by various natural disasters in China, 10 people died due to disasters, and 295,7 people were urgently relocated.

Recently, the Ministry of Emergency Management, together with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Water Resources, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Health Commission, the Meteorological Bureau, the Food and Reserves Bureau, the Forestry and Grassland Bureau, the Red Cross Society, the China Railway Group and other departments and units, conducted a consultation and analysis of the national natural disaster situation in October 2023. In October, China's natural disasters were mainly typhoons and floods, and hailstorms, low-temperature freezing, snow disasters, earthquakes, geological disasters and forest fires also occurred to varying degrees. A total of 10,10,295 people were affected to varying degrees by various natural disasters, 7 people died and 11,3 people were urgently relocated, more than 8 houses collapsed, more than 800,1000 were seriously damaged, and more than 4600,189 were generally damaged, 4.65 million hectares of crops were affected, and direct economic losses were 4.<> billion yuan.

The main characteristics of natural disasters in October are as follows:

1. The number of typhoons making landfall in autumn is relatively large, and the coast of South China is greatly affected

In October, two typhoons landed in China, among them, on October 10, Typhoon No. 2 "Little Dog" made landfall in Pingtung County, Taiwan Province, and weakened into a tropical depression off the coast of western Guangdong on the afternoon of the 10th. From October 5th to 14th, Typhoon No. 9 "Samba" landed in China three times in Dongfang City, Hainan Province, Suixi County, Guangdong Province, and Lingao County, Hainan Province. A total of 10.19 million people were affected by Typhoon Samba in Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan and other provinces (regions), 20 people died, more than 16 houses collapsed, 213.1 million hectares of crops were affected, and direct economic losses were 4.300 billion yuan.

2. The autumn rain in western China caused floods in many provinces, and geological disasters occurred locally

In October, the average precipitation across the country was 10 mm, which was basically the same as that of the same period in normal years. In addition to the heavy rainfall brought by the typhoon to South China and other places, there is more rainy weather in West China and other places, and the precipitation in most parts of central China is more than 28 percent, and the local precipitation is more than 2 times. Affected by rainfall, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Shaanxi, and Gansu suffered floods in early to mid-October. Overall, the floods in October affected 1,10 people in 10 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities), more than 14 houses collapsed, and direct economic losses of 51 million yuan. In addition, on October 2, a landslide occurred in Lishi District, Luliang City, Shanxi Province, killing five people, and geological disasters in Sichuan and Xinjiang each killed one person.

3. Hailstorms and hail disasters occur sporadically, and low-temperature freezing and snowstorms affect North and Northwest China

In October, 10 counties (cities and districts) in 9 provinces across the country were sporadically hit by strong convective weather such as strong winds, hail, and short-term heavy rainfall, mainly concentrated in Liaoning, Jiangxi, Gansu, Qinghai and other places. Among them, in early October, local winds and hail disasters in Haidong Prefecture and Xining City, Qinghai Province caused damage to crops and vegetable greenhouses, with direct economic losses of more than 35,10 yuan; In mid-October, a hail disaster occurred in Suizhong County, Huludao City, Liaoning Province, causing damage to apples and other cash crops, and direct economic losses of more than 4000,10 yuan. In October, there were two cold air processes affecting China, which occurred on the 7000th-10th and 2th-5st, and the low-temperature freezing and snow disasters caused 6,19 hectares of local crops in Shanxi, Inner Mongolia and Qinghai, with a direct economic loss of 21 million yuan.

Fourth, the impact of the 5.5-magnitude earthquake in northern Gansu Province was slight, and the situation of forest and grassland fires in the country was stable

In October, there were 10 earthquakes of magnitude 4.0 or higher and 13 earthquake of magnitude 5.0 or higher in mainland China. Among them, the magnitude of the earthquake was the 1.10 magnitude earthquake in Subei County, Jiuquan City, Gansu Province on October 24, which was sparsely populated near the epicenter and caused damage to more than 5 houses. In October, the national forest and grassland fire situation was stable, with a total of 5 forest fires, 10 in Inner Mongolia, 10 in Shanxi, and 4 in Hunan; There were no grassland fires.