According to the official WeChat message of the Ministry of Emergency Management, the Ministry of Emergency Management, together with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Water Resources, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the National Health Commission, the State Administration of Financial Supervision, the National Bureau of Statistics, the China Meteorological Administration, the State Grain and Reserve Administration, the State Forestry and Grassland Administration, the Red Cross Society of China, the China Railway Group and other departments and units, conducted a consultation and analysis of the national natural disaster situation in July 8.
In July, China's natural disasters were mainly floods, typhoons, geological disasters and drought disasters, and hailstorms, earthquakes, sandstorms and forest fires also occurred to varying degrees. Various natural disasters caused a total of 7.1601 million people affected to varying degrees, 8 people died and disappeared, and 147,70 people were urgently evacuated and resettled; 3,4300 houses collapsed, 8400,4 were seriously damaged, and 3134,411 were generally damaged; 8,7,<> hectares of crops were affected; and direct economic losses amounted to <>.<> billion yuan. From the perspective of disaster losses, July is the heaviest month of disaster losses this year, and the provinces that have been hit hard include Fujian, Chongqing, Beijing, Hebei and Inner Mongolia.
Natural disasters in July are characterized by the following:
Basin floods occurred in the Haihe River Basin, and flash floods and geological disasters occurred frequently in the north and south
In July, there were seven heavy rainfall processes across the country, with a cumulative rainfall of 7 mm, which was basically the same as the same period of the year. Affected by the remnant circulation of super typhoon "Du Surui", extreme rainfall processes occurred in North China, Huanghuai and other places, numbered floods occurred in the Ziya River, Daqing River and Yongding River in the Haihe River Basin, and many flood storage and detention areas in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and other places were opened. The water level of other major rivers in the country is generally lower than the same period of the year, and 7 rivers have flooded above the warning level. Heavy rainfall causes heavy rainfall, flooding, geological disasters, etc., causing casualties and property damage. Among them, in early to mid-July, Chongqing Wanzhou, Sichuan Nanchong, Shaanxi Hanzhong were more seriously affected; In mid-to-late July, a flash flood occurred in Fuyang District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang; At the end of July, many places in Beijing and Hebei were seriously affected, causing heavy casualties. In total, floods and geological disasters caused 119.262 million people to varying degrees of disaster, 7 people died and disappeared, more than 7,7 houses collapsed, and direct economic losses of 703.4 billion yuan.
The first landing time was late, and the super typhoon "Du Surui" had a great impact on Fujian, Guangdong, Zhejiang and other provinces
In July, a total of three typhoons formed in the northwest Pacific and the South China Sea, and two made landfall in China. Typhoon No. 7 "Teli" made landfall twice in Zhanjiang, Guangdong and Beihai, Guangxi on July 3 and 2, and was the first typhoon to make landfall in China this year, 4 days later than the usual landfall time, causing 7.17 million people in Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan provinces (regions) to be affected, and direct economic losses of 18.20 billion yuan. Typhoon Du Surui No. 3 made landfall along the Jinjiang River coast of Fujian Province on July 112, affecting a wide range and being destructive, causing 5.26 million people in Fujian, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Guangdong and other places to varying degrees, emergency evacuation and relocation of 1,5 people, damage more than 7,28 houses, and direct economic losses of 291.76 billion yuan.
The drought in North China and Northeast China has eased due to rainfall, and the drought in central and western Inner Mongolia is still continuing
In July, there were two national high temperature weather processes in China, and the number of high temperature days was more than the same period of the year. The soil moisture in most areas of the country is generally suitable, and the soil in some areas of the southwest and central, northwest and east, north China and other places has moderate or above moisture. In early July, the drought in some areas of Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Liaoning and other places was relatively serious, and at the peak of the drought in the middle of the year, 7.2 million people were affected to varying degrees, and the area of crops affected was 7.431 thousand hectares. Affected by the rainfall in late July, the drought in Liaoning was lifted, and the drought in most of Hebei and eastern Inner Mongolia eased, but the drought in central and western Inner Mongolia continued.
Northeast China, North China and other places suffered from strong convective weather, and local hail disasters had a greater impact
In July, there were six strong convective weather processes across the country, mainly in the northern region. Among them, Inner Mongolia, Jilin, Liaoning, Shanxi and other places are greatly affected by short-term heavy rainfall, thunderstorms, winds, hail, etc. Among them, from July 7 to 6, Yanbian in Jilin and Fuxin in Liaoning Province were hit by tornadoes, hailstorms, etc., some residents' household property was damaged, and local crops were lodged and lost. From July 7 to 6, a wide range of strong convective weather processes occurred in Inner Mongolia, Shanxi and other places, and local crops and facility greenhouses were damaged. The hailstorm disaster caused 10,7 people to varying degrees of damage, 18 people died due to the disaster, the area of crops affected was 20.64 thousand hectares, and the direct economic loss was 5.5 billion yuan.
There have been no earthquakes above magnitude 5 in mainland China, and the situation of forest and grassland fires is stable
In July, there were no earthquakes above magnitude 7 in mainland China, and 5 earthquakes of magnitude 4.0–4.9 occurred, all of which did not cause obvious disaster losses. In addition, in July, a total of 4 forest fires occurred across the country, most of which were caused by lightning strikes, mainly in Heilongjiang and Inner Mongolia; There were no grassland fires.