How is the wheat rush going? In the face of "rotten rain", in what aspects should we make up for shortcomings?
June 6 is the "mangsang" of the 6 solar terms. It is now the harvest period of summer ripe wheat, and Henan, which has just encountered severe "rotten rain", how is the current wheat harvest? How to dry, dry, purchase and claim wheat that has been affected by "rotten rain" to reduce the losses of grain farmers? What shortcomings do you need to make up for in agriculture in dealing with natural disasters in the future? "News 1+1" invited Wen Xuhua, chief economist of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Henan Province, and Guo Tiancai, professor of Henan Agricultural University and consultant of the Wheat Expert Guidance Group of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, to jointly pay attention to: wheat harvest, how is the progress?
The center of gravity of Henan's wheat harvest has gradually shifted to the north of the Yellow River
As of 6:6 on June 17, the wheat harvest area in Henan Province has exceeded 2023%. At present, the center of gravity of Henan's wheat harvest has shifted to the north of the Yellow River. To ensure stable grain production in the summer of <>, Henan's northern and southern regions are the top priority, which is not only the main grain producing area in Henan, but also undertakes the task of breeding wheat seeds. At present, how is the wheat harvest in Henan and northern Henan Province going? Click Video ↓
Will Henan's previous "rotten rain" weather have an impact on wheat in northern Yubei?
Wen Xuhua, Chief Economist of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Henan Province: Since late May, the continuous severe rainy weather impact has mainly been in southern Henan, central and eastern Yu, and the impact on northern Yu is relatively light. From the perspective of the disaster situation, most of the wheat north of the Yellow River was not mature during the rainfall period, and the impact on the intensity of grout was relatively small. From the perspective of harvest period, the wheat harvest period in a normal year in northern Yubei is in early to mid-June, which is the current stage. Judging from the recent field investigation and the dispatch of various parts of northern Yubei, most of the plants in northern Yubei, especially Anyang, Puyang and Hebi, are normally yellow, the color of the grains is normal, and the growth is generally good. At present, wheat in northern Yubei is ripening one after another, and the peak wheat harvest will be ushered in on June 5 and 6. From the perspective of the dispatch situation in Xinxiang, Hebi, Jiaozuo and other places, the harvester guarantee is relatively sufficient, and the next step will focus on doing a good job in the harvesting of wheat machinery in northern Yubei, the first is to accurately forecast good weather, the second is to accurately schedule agricultural machinery, and the third is to carefully organize the specific implementation, and go all out to grasp the wheat harvest in northern Yubei.
How to reduce the loss of "bad rain", how to help farmers in terms of acquisition and claims?
Guo Tiancai, professor of Henan Agricultural University and advisor to the Wheat Expert Guidance Group of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs: The state and Henan Province have allocated some disaster relief funds, and all localities should increase the allocation of funds, allocate funds as soon as possible, and use the money in key places and on the cutting edge. At the same time, state-owned grain collection and storage enterprises and other entities should shoulder their social responsibilities, have the courage to take responsibility, dare to take responsibility, open purchase at prices higher than the market price, and handle them in a classified manner, so as to achieve "grain waiting for warehouses", "grain for money" and "food for people". It is necessary to meticulously and scientifically organize and actively guide and support all kinds of grain collection and storage entities to carry out new wheat collection and storage, enter the market for purchase, reduce the risk of slow-selling wheat sales in disaster-stricken areas, and protect farmers' enthusiasm for growing grain.
"Bad rain" is not uncommon, but why did it have a big impact during this year's wheat harvest?
Guo Tiancai, professor of Henan Agricultural University and consultant of the wheat expert guidance group of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs: (10) Henan is the largest wheat producing province in the country, and we usually say that 1 out of every <> steamed buns eaten Chinese Henan is produced. (<>) Henan wheat suffered from the "rotten rain" this time in a large range, heavy degree and long duration, which posed a great threat to wheat production. (<>) Now that the degree of mechanized harvesting is high, sudden rainfall at the stage when the wheat is just ripe increases the difficulty of harvesting.
In the face of the impact of "bad rain" weather on agricultural summer grain, how to learn lessons to make up for shortcomings?
Professor of Henan Agricultural University Consultant of Wheat Expert Guidance Group of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Guo Tiancai: Meteorological disasters are a worldwide problem, as the rainy season moves north ahead of schedule in the context of global warming, the frequency of "rotten rain" weather will be higher, the area will be larger, and the harm will be heavier. I suggest: (1) Strengthen the cultivation of varieties that resist the germination germination of spikes. (2) It is necessary to strengthen the research on the supporting cultivation technology of "rotten rain" extreme weather. (3) When building high-standard farmland, we should pay more attention to "waterlogging energy drainage" while paying attention to "drought energy irrigation". (4) In the main wheat-producing areas, new agricultural business entities such as large grain growers should be given inclined support in the construction of drying facilities and drying places, especially the research and development of mobile small drying equipment for disaster relief. (CCTV News Client)