Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, October 11th. Recently, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued the "Shenzhen Construction of a Pilot Demonstration Zone of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics Comprehensive Reform Pilot Implementation Plan (2020-2025)" and issued a notice requesting all regions All departments conscientiously implement it in light of actual conditions.

  The main contents of the "Shenzhen Implementation Plan for the Pilot Comprehensive Reform of Building a Pilot Demonstration Zone of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics (2020-2025)" are as follows.

  In the 40 years since the Party Central Committee made major strategic deployments for the establishment of special economic zones, Shenzhen has dared to experiment, pioneered, and worked hard, creating a miracle in the history of development and becoming a banner of national reform and opening up.

In August 2019, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core made a major decision to support Shenzhen in building a pilot demonstration zone for socialism with Chinese characteristics. Over the past year, various tasks have made positive progress.

Taking the 40th anniversary of the establishment of special economic zones as an opportunity, under the top-level reform design and strategic deployment of the central government, supporting Shenzhen to implement comprehensive authorized reform pilots is another major measure to promote Shenzhen's reform and opening up in the new era, and it is a pioneering demonstration of building socialism with Chinese characteristics. The key move of the district is also a new exploration of innovative reform methods and methods. It is to implement the spirit of the important instructions and instructions of General Secretary Jinping on the reform and development of Shenzhen and the "Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Supporting Shenzhen to Build a Pilot Demonstration Zone of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics" Relevant requirements, actively and steadily complete the pilot work of comprehensive authorization reform, and formulate this plan.

  1. General requirements

  (1) Guiding ideology.

Guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, fully implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Plenary Sessions of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, follow the decisions and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, firmly grasp the correct reform direction, and focus on China The strategic positioning and strategic goals of the characteristic socialist pilot zone give Shenzhen more autonomy in the reform of key areas and key links, support Shenzhen to promote reform and opening up at a higher starting point, higher level and higher goals, and take the lead in improving various Regarding systems, build high-quality development systems and mechanisms, promote the modernization of governance systems and governance capabilities, accelerate the formation of a new pattern of comprehensively deepening reforms and comprehensively expanding opening up, promote higher-level Shenzhen-Hong Kong cooperation, and strengthen the core engine in the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Function and strive to create an urban example of a powerful modern socialist country.

  (2) Working principles

  ——Insist on emancipating the mind, keeping integrity and innovation.

Adhere to and strengthen the party's overall leadership, adhere to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, adhere to the people-centered development philosophy, innovate on the basis of integrity, emancipate the mind, seek truth from facts, strengthen the foundation, promote strengths, make up for weaknesses, and strengths.

  ——Adhere to marketization, legalization and internationalization.

Give full play to the decisive role of the market in the allocation of resources, give better play to the role of the government, promote the two-wheel drive of reform and the rule of law, and implement a wider, broader, and deeper comprehensive opening up.

  ——Insist on system integration, collaboration and high efficiency.

Emphasize the systemicity, integrity, and synergy of reforms, focus on key areas and key links, and promote the integration and maturity of various systems to achieve the integration of reform goals, policies, and effects.

  ——Adhere to the first trial and lead demonstration.

Adhere to problem-oriented, goal-oriented, and result-oriented, and give sufficient space for reform and exploration. Under the premise of following the basic principles of the Constitution, laws, and administrative regulations, Shenzhen is allowed to base itself on the needs of reform and innovation practice, and carry out relevant pilot experiments and demonstrations according to authorization.

Encourage bold innovation, work hard, focus on summing up experience, and timely standardize and upgrade, and provide a demonstration for the whole country.

  ——Adhere to bottom line thinking and implement steadily.

Preset the bottom line in advance, and under the premise of overall risk control, scientifically grasp the timing, rhythm and steps, and advance reforms in stages and steps in a steady and orderly manner.

  (3) Main goals.

In 2020, a number of major reform measures will be launched in important areas such as the market-oriented configuration of factors, the optimization of the business environment, and the overall utilization of urban space. The first batch of comprehensive authorization lists will be formulated and implemented to promote the pilot project to make a good start.

In 2022, important progress will be made in all aspects of system construction, and a batch of major system achievements that can be replicated and promoted will be formed, and the pilot projects will achieve initial results.

In 2025, the reforms in important areas and key links will achieve landmark results, basically complete the pilot reform tasks, and set an important demonstration for national system construction.

  2. Improve the market-oriented allocation system and mechanism of factors

  (4) Support deepening exploration in the land management system.

The approval matters concerning the conversion of agricultural land other than permanent basic farmland that can be authorized by the State Council to construction land shall be entrusted to the Shenzhen Municipal Government for approval.

Support the promotion of mixed land use for the secondary and tertiary industries on the premise of meeting the requirements of national land and space planning.

Support the revitalization and utilization of stock industrial land, and explore and solve the problems of planning adjustment, land supply, income distribution, and historical land use.

Explore the market-based mechanism for utilizing the existing construction land for development and construction, and improve the mechanism for the recovery of idle land use rights.

Deepen the reform of rural land system in the Shenshan Special Cooperation Zone and other regions.

Support the construction of natural resource asset trading markets relying on public resource trading platforms, and improve the land market service supervision system that links the primary and secondary markets.

The pilot implementation of the land secondary market advance notice registration transfer system.

  (5) Improve the labor mobility system that adapts to the characteristics of mega cities.

Deepen the reform of the household registration system, adjust and improve the points settlement policy.

Improve the residence permit system, encourage the expansion of the scope of public services, improve service standards, and steadily promote the full coverage of the permanent population of basic public services.

It is permitted to explore special working hours management systems that meet the development needs of new technologies, new formats, new industries, and new models.

  (6) Support the pioneering efforts in capital market construction.

Promote the reform of the Growth Enterprise Market and pilot the registration system, and pilot the domestic issuance of stocks or depository receipts (CDR) by innovative companies.

Establish a transfer listing mechanism for companies listed on the NEEQ.

Optimize the market access environment for private equity funds.

Explore and optimize the market access and development environment of venture capital enterprises.

Carry out pilot projects for real estate investment trust funds in the infrastructure sector in accordance with laws and regulations.

A financial technology innovation platform was established on the basis of the Shenzhen subsidiary of the People's Bank of China Digital Currency Research Institute.

Support the development of internal closed pilot tests of digital renminbi, and promote the R&D application and international cooperation of digital renminbi.

  (7) Speed ​​up the improvement of relevant systems for the transformation of technological achievements.

Reform scientific research project establishment and organization methods, and establish scientific and technological project selection, funding allocation, and achievement evaluation mechanisms that are mainly determined by the market.

Deepen the reform of the right to use, dispose of, and the right to income from scientific and technological achievements, and take the lead in exploring the ability to grant scientific research personnel the right to use or long-term use of scientific and technological achievements, evaluation of achievements, and income distribution.

Explore the transfer of patent rights for scientific and technological achievements of government-funded projects to inventors or designers, small and medium-sized enterprises and the benefit distribution mechanism, and improve the benefit distribution mechanism for the transformation of scientific research achievements of state-owned enterprises.

Improve the public trading and supervision system for the transformation of technological achievements.

  (8) Accelerate the cultivation of the data element market.

Take the lead in improving the data property rights system, explore new mechanisms for data property rights protection and utilization, and establish a data privacy protection system.

Pilot projects to promote open sharing of government data.

Support the construction of a data platform in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, study and demonstrate the establishment of a data trading market or rely on existing trading venues to carry out data transactions.

Carry out pilot projects for statistical accounting of data production factors.

  (9) Improve the factor market evaluation contribution mechanism.

Take the lead in exploring and improving the mechanism in which factors of production are contributed by market evaluation and remuneration is determined by contribution, so as to increase labor remuneration for workers, especially frontline workers.

Fully respect scientific research, technology, and management talents, and explore ways to fully reflect the value of elements such as technology, knowledge, management, and data.

Deeply advance the comprehensive reform experiment of regional state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises, support the establishment and improvement of the management mechanism of state-owned enterprise leaders that conform to the laws of market economy and entrepreneurial growth, and explore matching the market position and performance contribution of enterprises, and closely linking with the assessment results, and increasing Performance determines the salary distribution of incremental incentives and the long-term incentive and restraint mechanism.

  3. Create a market-oriented legalized international business environment

  (10) Further improve a fair and open market environment.

On the basis of the national unified negative list for market access, a list of special measures for Shenzhen to relax market access was formulated to relax market access in the fields of energy, telecommunications, public utilities, transportation, and education.

Further relax restrictions on foreign investment in frontier technology fields.

Support the improvement of the fair competition system.

Improve the approval mechanism for operating postal communications services.

Pilot the system of notification, approval, and notification in the energy sector.

Promote comprehensive and supporting reforms of the bankruptcy system and mechanism, pilot bankruptcy pre-reorganization systems, and improve the bankruptcy system for natural persons.

  (11) Build a benchmark city for protecting intellectual property rights.

Carry out pilot projects for the protection of new types of intellectual property rights, improve the protection systems for digital intellectual property rights such as Internet information, explore the establishment and improvement of evidence disclosure, evidence obstruction exclusion and superior evidence rules, and establish a punitive compensation system for intellectual property infringement.

Explore the implementation of a transfer system of burden of proof in some intellectual property cases.

Implement credit-based hierarchical and classified supervision in the field of intellectual property.

  (12) Improve the administrative management system and special economic zone legislation.

According to procedures, Shenzhen is given greater autonomy in the management of cadres and institutions, and the overall use of various establishment resources.

Explore and improve the multiple resolution mechanism for administrative disputes, and improve the linkage mechanism between administrative reconsideration and administrative litigation.

Support Shenzhen to expand the legislative space for special economic zones, strengthen legislative exploration in emerging areas, and formulate special economic zones laws and regulations in accordance with the law.

  4. Improving the environmental system for technological innovation

  (13) Optimize and innovate resource allocation methods and management mechanisms.

Support the implementation of a non-competitive and competitive "dual-track" scientific research funding investment mechanism.

Promote the improvement of the management mechanism of scientific research institutions and establish a normalized government and enterprise technology innovation consulting system.

Implement a targeted training mechanism for high-level scientific and technological talents.

  (14) Establish an internationally competitive talent introduction system.

Give Shenzhen foreign high-end talents the authority to confirm the letter according to the procedures, and explore and optimize the approval process for foreigners' work permits and work-type residence permits in China.

Support the exploration and formulation of standards for the identification of “high-tech and high-end talents” for foreigners, and provide qualified foreigners with R visas and provide entry and exit convenience.

Provide convenience for qualified foreign high-level talents to apply for permanent residence.

Support exploring the establishment of a highly convenient practice system for overseas professionals, and relaxing restrictions on overseas personnel (excluding medical and health personnel) participating in various professional qualification examinations.

  5. Improving a high-level open economic system

  (15) Strengthen institutional opening up.

Support the deepening of the cooperation and development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area through the convergence of rules.

Give full play to the role of China (Guangdong) Pilot Free Trade Zone in Shenzhen Qianhai Shekou Area to comprehensively deepen reforms and expand opening up as a pilot field, and form more reproducible and popularized institutional innovations.

Strengthen business guidance for major and difficult foreign-related commercial cases.

Support the improvement of cross-border cooperation mechanisms in the field of rule of law, and improve international legal services and dispute resolution mechanisms.

  (16) Expand the opening up of financial and shipping industries.

Support qualified domestic enterprises in Shenzhen to go public overseas for financing.

Carry out the pilot project of the cross-border capital pool business of combining domestic and foreign currencies.

Support Shenzhen to take the lead in advancing the internationalization of the RMB, and promote the improvement of the foreign exchange management system.

Support qualified foreign financial institutions to initiate the establishment of securities companies and fund management companies in Shenzhen according to law.

Support qualified foreign institutions to obtain payment business licenses in Shenzhen in compliance with laws and regulations.

Promote the establishment of a financial rule system in line with international standards.

Explore and improve the international ship registration system.

Give Shenzhen the right of bonded bunkering permission for international sailing ships, and further liberalize the bonded fuel oil supply market.

  6. Improve the supply system of people's livelihood services

  (17) Innovate the medical service system.

Support the clinical application of international cutting-edge drugs in Shenzhen.

Explore and improve the cross-border connection of medical services, and establish a standard system for medical personnel training and hospital accreditation that is in line with international standards.

Support the establishment of a new mechanism for the Academy of Medical Sciences.

Support the improvement of major epidemic prevention and control systems and mechanisms, and improve the public health emergency management system.

  (18) Explore and expand the autonomy of running schools.

Explore and expand the autonomy of running schools in Shenzhen universities.

Under the premise of complying with relevant national policies and regulations, support Shenzhen to introduce high-quality overseas educational resources and carry out high-level Sino-foreign cooperation in running schools.

Grant Shenzhen the authority to establish and revoke the enterprise's postdoctoral scientific research station branch.

  (19) Optimize the social security mechanism.

Explore new mechanisms for the diversified supply of public services, and accelerate the construction of an innovative medical insurance system oriented towards health promotion.

Support the improvement of the inclusive infant care service system.

Encourage the use of the national integrated government service platform to realize the integration of medical insurance government service.

Support the improvement of public employment services and lifelong vocational skills training systems.

  (20) Improve the cultural and sports operation and management system.

Support the deepening of the reform of the art academies, and improve the management system, operating mechanism and benefit distribution system of the academies.

According to the procedures, the provincial TV series review and other management authority are given.

Support the construction of auction centers for cultural art (non-cultural relics) that are subject to international general rules.

Support the development of pilot sports consumer cities, promote innovation experiments in the sports industry, and innovate service management mechanisms and security systems that promote the development of sports events.

  7. Improving the ecological environment and urban space governance system

  (21) Improve ecological construction and environmental protection systems.

Support the improvement of the “three-line and one-list” ecological environment zoning management and control system such as the red line of ecological protection, the bottom line of environmental quality, the online resource utilization, and the ecological environment access list, carry out the confirmation and registration of natural resources in important ecological spaces, and expand the scope of ecosystem service value accounting.

Support the improvement of local clean energy supply mechanisms and the construction of energy industry innovation centers, innovation consortia and other platform institutions.

Support the improvement of mandatory local standards for product environmental protection, establish a green industry certification rule system, and improve climate investment and financing mechanisms.

Promote the improvement of the marine ecological and environmental protection restoration mechanism for land and sea coordination, implement a compulsory liability insurance system for environmental pollution, and explore the establishment of a classified management system for sewage outlets into the sea.

Speed ​​up the construction of the national sustainable development agenda innovation demonstration zone.

  (22) Improve the overall management level of urban space.

In accordance with relevant laws and regulations, support the promotion of the establishment of separate use rights on the construction land, surface and underground, and explore the establishment of separate use rights in accordance with the water surface, water body, seabed and subsoil of the sea area, and promote the rational development and utilization of space.

Carry out pilot projects to deepen the use of natural ecological space.

According to the procedures, the provincial audit authority for forest land occupation in Shenzhen is granted.

Explore the approval mechanism of optimizing land use, forest use, and sea use of “unified receipt, unified processing, and unified posting”, and promote the integration of the entire chain of approvals for the use of natural resources.

Carry out pilot projects for structural reform of aviation resources.

Improve the drone flight management system.

  8. Strengthen safeguard measures

  (23) Strengthen the party's leadership in an all-round way.

Persist in and strengthen the party’s leadership over the comprehensive reform pilots of Shenzhen’s construction of a pilot demonstration zone for socialism with Chinese characteristics, strengthen the “four consciousnesses”, strengthen the “four self-confidence”, and achieve “two safeguards”, and the party building will always run through the comprehensive reform In the whole process of the experiment, the party's organizational system is tight, providing a strong guarantee for Shenzhen to deepen reform and opening up.

  (Twenty-four) innovative working mechanism.

Support Shenzhen to take the lead in carrying out relevant pilot experiments and demonstrations in light of actual conditions and implement major reform measures.

The National Development and Reform Commission and relevant parties will study and formulate the list of authorized items in batches, and implement them after submitting for approval in accordance with the procedures for batch authorization.

Relevant parties shall, in accordance with the requirements of this plan and the approved list, grant Shenzhen relevant management authority in accordance with laws and regulations.

Establish and improve major risk identification and systemic risk prevention systems and policy systems.

Implement an inclusive and prudent reform risk classification and hierarchical management and control mechanism, and adopt adjustment, suspension or termination measures according to the degree of risk, and continuously optimize the implementation path of comprehensive reform pilots.

The National Development and Reform Commission and relevant departments follow up the progress of the comprehensive reform pilot in a timely manner, strengthen overall coordination and guidance and evaluation, promptly summarize and promote the expected results, analyze and evaluate new situations and problems in a timely manner, and report important situations to the Party Central Committee and the State Council in a timely manner.

  (25) Implement local responsibilities.

Guangdong Province should actively create conditions for Shenzhen to carry out comprehensive reform pilots, increase the degree of decentralization in administrative approval, technological innovation, planning management, comprehensive supervision, foreign-related institutions and organization management, and give Shenzhen more provincial-level economic and social management powers in accordance with laws and regulations. .

Shenzhen must earnestly assume the main responsibility of the pilot, strengthen its sense of mission and responsibility, and earnestly do a good job in specific implementation work to ensure that various reform tasks are advanced in a solid and orderly manner.

It is necessary to strengthen coordination and cooperation with other cities in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, establish a reform linkage mechanism with regional interaction and complementary advantages, realize coordination and docking, and give full play to the overall effectiveness of the system.

  (26) Strengthen the protection of the rule of law.

Establish and improve laws, regulations, and policy adjustment mechanisms that complement the comprehensive reform pilots.

The various reform policies and measures proposed in this plan, which involve the adjustment of existing laws or administrative regulations, shall be implemented after authorization from the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress or the State Council.

Relevant parties should strengthen guidance and services, coordinate the laws and regulations involved in the comprehensive reform pilots, and do a good job in linking up with relevant laws and regulations.

  (27) Create an atmosphere for reform.

Carry forward the spirit of the SAR, continue to boldly enter and try boldly.

Improve the positive incentive mechanism for reform, pay attention to the inspection and identification of cadres on the front line of reform, boldly promote and use cadres who dare to reform and are good at reform, and fully mobilize and stimulate the enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of the majority of cadres to participate in reform.

Fully implement the "three distinctions", establish a sound fault-tolerant and error-correction mechanism, tolerate cadres' mistakes and errors in reform and innovation, and conduct a comprehensive analysis of cadres' mistakes and errors. The tolerance should be bold and the tolerance should not be resolute.

Promote the new progress and results of Shenzhen's reform in a timely manner, and create a good public opinion atmosphere for comprehensive reform pilots.