Iraq differed from the rest of the countries in the reception ceremony for delegations, so the visitor was received with 3 different ceremonies for each of the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister and the Speaker of Parliament, and the scene was repeated in the Kurdistan region, and it became - according to observers - as if it were 4 countries in one country, which weakened its position among countries the world.

Usually, a government agency specialized in protocols affairs and organizes programs for receiving delegations or foreign official envoys, and this body is affiliated with the Presidency of the State or the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

President Saleh's reception ceremony for his French counterpart (Anatolia)

Negative point

And it is negatively recorded on Iraq that it does not even have any unified reception ceremony that represents the Iraqi state to receive foreign officials.

The division became evident in the reception ceremony for French President Emmanuel Macron, who visited the capital Baghdad on August 2, and how he was received with 3 different reception ceremonies by the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister and the Speaker of Parliament, as well as the meeting of the President of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Nechirvan Barzani, as if the French President visited 4 countries in one country.

What is known is that the goal of political or official visits by political or government officials to a certain country to another country is to consolidate relations between them in a specific field or in various fields, or for the purpose of sending a specific message from a specific country through an envoy or government official of another country to support and support it. In performing a specific action or abstaining from performing an action in a specific area.

These visits are in accordance with diplomatic ceremonies and protocols within the framework of the rules of courtesy and decency according to a specific protocol, and the protocol in the traditional term means the rule upon which work settles on certain occasions and preserves the etiquette, i.e. the style and the taste, in taking into account the feeling of the official or the visiting delegate in order to achieve harmony in the relations that express a tool for conducting Transactions, because relationships are a means to an end to be tracked, and if the means falter, the end will be impossible.

Al-Sarraj: The phenomenon of multiple ceremonies due to the absence of the Iraqi project (Al-Jazeera)

Loss of prestige

This negative phenomenon arose in Iraq at a time when the three presidencies were unable to agree on public ceremonies for the state to receive any visiting delegation or official, which led - according to observers - to the loss of Iraq’s moral and material standing as a result of its departure from international and diplomatic norms.

The political quotas and the change that took place in Iraq after 2003 led to the division of the scene in the country, in addition to the constitution that was written on the basis of sharing the cake, and made the customary protocol divided by receiving any foreign official with 3 different reception ceremonies.

And this phenomenon transformed Iraq - according to the description of political analyst Ahmed al-Sarraji - into something like "shops" and the attempt of every category to market itself as representing its sect and nationality, attributing the reason to the absence of the Iraqi project among all Iraqi components.

He emphasized that politics failed to find a project to prove to the world that Iraq is a state and not multiple states, and that the absence of a sense of patriotism in the country is evidence of its weakness, not its strength.

Al-Sarraji believes that what happened in Iraq after 2003 is due to the fact that change came from abroad, and there was no internal revolution to change and overthrow the regime.

Success, the lack of leadership and a strong central government was considered the reason behind the chaos of the reception ceremony (Al-Jazeera)


The national project is absent for any party who made himself a mere "postman" to the country that brought him, because his loyalty will be to the country that brought him and not to Iraq - according to Al-Sarraji - warning in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net of the danger of this phenomenon that will extend to the clan and the one home.

Al-Sarraji warned the people about the danger of what the ruling political class is doing that works for the benefit of its parties and blocs away from the national project, adding that what collects the components is money and oil only, and once this link is broken, society as a whole will disintegrate, noting the need for there to be a definitive, inevitable and fateful intervention for the wise. To prevent the country from marching toward the abyss.

The picture drawn in the reception of the French President and his predecessors suggests that Iraq is destined to divide its three regions, the Kurdish, Sunni and Shiite, through the tripartite reception method, with question marks about the interpretation of what happened, whether it is a display of muscles and the balance of power, a weakness in the political personality, or is it neglect and lack of knowledge of the official protocols .

The media professor and the Iraqi academic d.

Alaa Najah because of the extent to which official appointments are underestimated in this aspect, and that they are limited to relatives and not put the right man in the right place.

The reason for this chaos in the reception ceremony for the guests, according to success, is due to the absence of a strong leadership and central government that plays the role of the main axis in which the rest of the political forces revolve, expressing his regret that the multi-parliamentary political system makes everyone in one compound and everyone covers the mistakes of everyone with The absence of a strong political opposition that is critical of what is happening and indicates the mistakes and mistakes that are taking place.

The Iraqi academic believes that the issue is a matter of struggles for the ruling political blocs that stand behind the three presidencies, and the attempt to emerge on the scene and reap personal gains at the expense of the interest and image of Iraq.

Qadir: The guest delegation is forced to take into account the characteristics of political parties in Iraqi Kurdistan (Al-Jazeera)

Territory ceremony

In the Kurdistan region, the matter is not at all different from Baghdad, as any visiting official must visit the head of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, Massoud Barzani, in his capacity as the former president of the region, the current president of the region, and the prime minister separately, and sometimes meet with the speaker of parliament.

Several parties with different and contradictory political orientations participate in the political formation of the government, whether in Iraq or Kurdistan, and these parties have different views because they are also made up of a number of officials who differ in opinions and aspirations.

The high positions in the Kurdistan Regional Government are distributed among the parties participating in it, each according to his strength, share, and percentage obtained in the last parliamentary elections.

The Kurdistan Democratic Party has the largest share of these positions, followed by the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, then the Change Movement, and other parties participating, according to Kurdish political analyst Goran Qadir.

Qadir attributed the difference in political visions in the governmental and political spheres in the region - towards neighboring countries and other countries - to the absence of a complete consensus in the political vision of the parties participating in the government.

Regarding the repercussions of political quotas in the region, the Kurdish analyst records two observations or two cases about this matter. The first is that the visiting delegation or envoy takes into account this characteristic or this situation, and therefore visits individuals who occupy high positions and belong to different political parties in order to preserve interests.

As for the second, the officials receive the envoy or the visiting delegation in different ceremonies separately, with the aim of showing their strength and the strength of their parties. This case can be considered as evidence of the different political visions of political parties and their different interests.