Don't be afraid of the "hardest" employment season when colleges and universities are "expanding"

  10.76 million!

According to data released by the Ministry of Education, in 2022, both the scale and increment of graduates nationwide will hit a record high, an increase of 1.67 million over the previous year.

In addition, due to the impact of the epidemic, the difficulty of employment for college graduates has increased sharply this year, and words such as "severe and complicated employment situation" have frequently appeared on the campus networks of major colleges and universities.

  In order to promote the smooth employment of 10.76 million graduates, in early May, the Ministry of Education launched a series of "100-day sprint" activities for college graduates' employment with the theme of "do everything possible to expand jobs and overcome difficulties to promote employment". Actions such as job expansion, ten thousand enterprises entering the school, employment guidance, and precise assistance have escorted the graduates' job search.

  In addition to doing a good job in the special action of visiting enterprises to expand jobs and promote employment according to regulations, the employment promotion work of each university has its own characteristics.

Communication University of China issued an open letter to the employer, Yunnan University took the initiative to contact the government and enterprises inside and outside the province, China Foreign Affairs University selected a team of students and employment instructors to work on a temporary basis in the employer, Beijing Technology and Business University will visit companies to expand jobs, build practice bases and students Cultivate together...

  In addition to treating the symptoms, it is also necessary to treat the root causes.

Xiong Bingqi, an education scholar and dean of the 21st Century Education Research Institute, pointed out that colleges and universities should pay attention to the long-term career development of students after graduation, so as to understand the society's evaluation of graduates, and adjust the running of colleges and universities to make talent training more in line with social needs.

  For the first time, the number of fresh graduates exceeded 10 million

  Yang Xuemei is a fresh graduate of a key municipal university in Beijing. After submitting nearly 100 resumes, she has yet to find a job.

In fact, she got a lot of interview opportunities, but most of them were lost after one interview.

  Yang Xuemei's experience is also the epitome of this year's graduates.

According to data released by the Ministry of Education, in 2022, the number and increment of graduates nationwide will reach a record high of 10.76 million, an increase of 1.67 million over the previous year.

  According to media reports, at the press conference of the Ministry of Education held at the end of last year, when talking about the employment situation of college graduates in 2022, the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Education said that the situation was "severe" and "complex".

  According to the 2022 First Quarter Employment Market Prosperity Report for College Graduates jointly released by the China Employment Research Institute of Renmin University of China and Zhaopin Recruitment, the CIER (China Employment Market Prosperity) index for college graduates in the first quarter of 2022 was 0.71, down to 2020 The lowest point since the year, and significantly lower than the national level of 1.56.

  The above report pointed out that, coupled with the current repeated epidemics in some areas, the supply side of graduates in the first quarter was under obvious pressure.

At the same time, due to factors such as "layoffs by major Internet companies" and "double reduction policies", the Internet and education and training industries, which were originally favored by college students, are also shrinking.

  The impact of the epidemic is also more obvious.

An "Empirical Study on the Employment Situation of Fresh Graduates in my country's Colleges and Universities under the Impact of the New Crown Epidemic" published in the Journal of East China Normal University in October 2020, conducted random sampling from 34 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities across the country, and recovered a total of valid student samples. 13,738 copies, 419 valid employer samples, and 55 valid college samples.

  The survey found that among 40.0% of the sample colleges and universities, the number of units that delayed recruiting on campus was 11-50; among 29.1% of the sample colleges, the number of units that delayed recruiting was 51-100; 14.6% of the sample colleges and universities , the number of units that postponed school recruitment reached more than 100.

In addition, 38.1%, 45.5%, 14.6%, and 1.8% of the sample colleges and universities, respectively, were told that the number of units that canceled the recruitment plan was 10 or less, 11-50, 51-100, and more than 100.

59.2% of the graduates hope that the school can provide more sufficient recruitment information, but due to the impact of the epidemic, the number of employers and the number of positions has generally decreased, and there has been a general postponement of school recruitment, which has aggravated the employment pressure.

  On March 30 this year, Yunnan University reminded graduates in the "Letter to Graduates of 2022" that the number of policy jobs collected by the school did not increase year-on-year; the admission score for graduate students was generally higher than last year; The destination implementation rate is down from the same period in 2021.

I hope that the students can clarify their employment goals, change their employment concepts, prepare for job hunting, and seize employment opportunities.

  "100-day sprint" in action

  The severe employment situation has also attracted the attention of the state.

  On May 5, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Notice on Further Doing a Good Job in the Employment and Entrepreneurship of College Graduates and Other Youth", requiring the development of jobs through multiple channels, strengthening continuous employment services, simplifying and optimizing job-seeking and employment procedures, and focusing on strengthening youth employment. In five aspects, including assistance and compaction of work responsibilities, we will do a good job in the employment and entrepreneurship of college graduates and other young people.

  On May 9, the Ministry of Education launched the 2022 College Graduate Employment Promotion Week, and successively launched a series of "24365 Campus Recruitment Services" online special recruitment activities for more than 30 sessions, providing more than 800,000 jobs.

It is estimated that more than 15,000 online and offline job fairs will be held by colleges and universities across the country.

  Also in early May, the Ministry of Education launched a series of "100-day sprint" activities for college graduates' employment with the theme of "do everything possible to expand jobs and overcome difficulties to promote employment". Schools, employment guidance, precise assistance and other actions to escort graduates to find jobs.

All local colleges and universities are required to provide key assistance to key groups of graduates such as low-income families and physical disabilities in accordance with "one person, one file" and "one person, one policy".

All colleges and universities will provide at least three or more positions for each graduate with employment difficulties, and strive to help them achieve employment as soon as possible.

  "100-day sprint" is not only the name of a series of activities to promote graduate employment, but also a working state.

  On May 13, an article was published on the website of the Ministry of Education, "Strive to do a good job in the employment of college graduates in the state of "100-day sprint".

At the video symposium on the employment of college graduates in 2022 held by the Ministry of Education on the same day, the situation of the employment promotion week was summarized and exchanged, the current employment situation of college graduates was analyzed and judged, and the series of "100-day sprint" activities were deployed.

  On May 16, the Ministry of Education deployed and implemented the 2022 "Central Special Lottery Public Welfare Fund Hongzhi Navigation Plan" to carry out employability training for key groups to help trainees enhance their job-hunting confidence and enhance their competitiveness in employment. Offline training will be completed throughout the year 100,000 people, 500,000 people trained online.

  Also in May, the Ministry of Education issued the "Notice on Colleges and Universities Doing a Good Job in 2022 to Develop Scientific Research Assistant Positions to Absorb Graduate Employment", which clearly stated that colleges and universities should reasonably set up new scientific research assistant positions to maximize the employment of college graduates. .

  Against this background, countermeasures have also been introduced in various places.

  In the implementation plan of the "14th Five-Year" Employment Promotion Plan issued by Hunan Province, it is proposed to implement normalized employment information services for college graduates, strengthen the coordination of policies and services in the places of residence, job-seeking, and places of study, and solidly carry out school leavers without employment. Real-name registration of college graduates, and comprehensive tracking and implementation of employment services such as job recommendation, career guidance, and skills training.

  Beijing has increased employment subsidies for college graduates, and provides social security subsidies for up to 3 years to companies recruiting college graduates in the city within the graduation year.

Calculated according to the current standard, if a company recruits a graduate from a Beijing-based university, it can enjoy a social security subsidy of about 16,400 yuan a year.

  proactive college

  On May 5, the WeChat public account of the Ministry of Education and Engineering of Communication University of China published "A Letter from Communication University of China to Employers".

The letter reads: "We urge all partners to understand and support our students, and provide students with internship positions or interview opportunities through online means. I believe that China Chuan students will bring you more surprises." "We still have A large number of students stayed outside Beijing temporarily due to the epidemic. They responded to the call, studied at home, and silently contributed to the fight against the epidemic. They also welcome partners inside and outside Beijing to provide them with more employment opportunities. All students of China Chuan Chuan are good. Kind of!"

  Under the new round of epidemic, Beijing colleges and universities require strict entry and exit management of teachers and students, and in principle, teachers and students in campus dormitories will not leave the school.

  "In this case, we feel that we should take the initiative to communicate and coordinate with the employer to help students express their reasonable demands and gain the understanding and support of the employer," said Guo Jingna, Minister of Academic Affairs at Communication University of China.

  In addition to the text, the push also included an audio of the instructor's reading.

  This letter was read to everyone by one of the school's first-line graduate-grade counselors.

Guo Jingna said, "On the days when we can't meet, voice can bring us closer and convey our sincere wishes with a sincere voice."

  Many teachers forwarded it in the circle of friends and used personal resources to help connect the posts.

There are also employers who take the initiative to contact the school to connect with job resources.

  In Kunming, which is more than 2,000 kilometers away from Beijing, Yunnan University took the initiative to contact 16 cities in the province, inviting localities to recruit or send job requirements to the school, and the school would endorse the recruitment; actively contact various types of enterprises...

  The school's efforts have achieved phased results.

At present, 4 cities in the province have sent information on the introduction of high-level talents. Some provinces and cities have included Yunnan University as a college for targeted selection and recruitment, and the recruitment activities of enterprises are also steadily resuming.

  A reporter from the Beijing News found that due to the impact of the epidemic, lectures and recruitment interviews in many colleges and universities across the country were changed to online.

In order to create a better interview environment for job-seeking students, Communication University of China, Capital Normal University, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Yunnan University and many other colleges and universities have created a network with background boards, special lights and other equipment. interview room.

  However, many college teachers and graduates said that the effect of online lectures and interviews is different from offline ones.

  Yang Yunchuan, director of the Student Employment Guidance Service Center of Yunnan University, said that during the recruitment season in previous years, the school had a large number of offline recruitment activities. All kinds of recruitment exhibition boards and publicity posters could be seen everywhere. Students and recruiters were bustling with job hunting, just like a recruitment market. Willing is easy to inspire and channel.

There may be some students who were not interested in the recruiting unit originally, but just wanted to accompany other students to have a look.

However, after the on-site understanding, his wishes have changed, and he has successfully applied for a job instead.

However, after the recruitment activities were moved online, there were fewer opportunities for students to interact with each other, and more opportunities for careful selection.

In response to this change, the school is further improving various conditions for online and offline recruitment, and further creating a good atmosphere for campus recruitment.

  In addition, colleges and universities in various regions are also actively responding to the special action of visiting enterprises and promoting employment proposed by the Ministry of Education, exploring employment channels and jobs, and conducting surveys on social needs and follow-up surveys on the employment status of graduates.

According to the requirements, each school secretary (principal, dean) will visit no less than 100 employers in principle.

  In addition to the prescribed actions, the Beijing News reporter noticed that colleges and universities also have their own characteristics in promoting employment.

  According to a previous report by The Beijing News, China Foreign Affairs University has sent a team of students and employment instructors to the employer for temporary training, establishing a close cooperative relationship with the employer, and learning about corporate culture, corporate operations, recruitment processes, especially For the ability and quality needs of graduates, more targeted guidance is given to students, and students are recommended for internships and employment in a targeted manner.

  Beijing Institute of Technology has launched a job-hunting "tree hole". After scanning the QR code and filling out the form to complain about employment difficulties, the staff will contact students within 24 hours to report on the progress of problem solving or discuss solutions together.

  When the leaders of Communication University of China conduct visits to enterprises and expand jobs, they will create an "outer loop" of talent training of "visiting enterprises to expand jobs - school-enterprise cooperation - enterprise mentors - alumni assistance - selection and transportation", and strengthen cooperation with employers on employment and education. , to promote the docking of talent supply and demand, and establish a long-term cooperation mechanism.

In addition, the school also promotes the implementation of the "Employment Boosting Project", which subdivides students into three categories and 11 sub-categories for job search types and assistance needs. The combination of political education and employment concept education helps graduates find the right position.

  "Stable" and "Slow Employment"

  Under the severe employment situation, the choices of graduates are also changing.

  The "2022 College Student Employability Survey Report" released by Zhaopin Recruitment shows that when 2022 graduates make employment choices, "stability" has become the third largest factor after "salary and welfare" and "work-life balance". This is an increase of 6.4% compared to last year.

  The fresh graduates of English translation from Beijing 211 colleges and universities are outstanding, and have won the title of outstanding graduates of colleges and universities in the province.

In the fierce competition for job hunting, Zhang Gongzhen has received multiple employment notices.

What worries him is which one to keep.

  His earliest career plan was when he was in elementary school at the age of 6. When he saw the teacher staying in school all day, taking classes, preparing lessons, and finishing classes, "I don't want to be a teacher." But the dramatic thing is that now, at the age of 23, he decided to go to a public school in the south. As an English teacher in a junior high school, in his opinion, "compiling is a safe haven under the epidemic."

  Under the influence of the epidemic, there are not a few graduates like Zhang Gongzhen who want to squeeze into the system.

  The aforementioned paper "Empirical Study on the Employment Situation of Fresh Graduates of Colleges and Universities in my country under the Impact of the New Coronary Epidemic" shows that among the 11,458 sample data of unemployed graduates, there is a strong willingness to apply for local public positions.

Among them, 23% are going to apply for special post teachers, 18.3% are going to apply for the "three branches and one support", 14.3% are going to apply for the western plan, 13.7% are going to apply for the selection of students (college village officials), and 2.3% are going to apply for the agricultural technology special post program.

In addition, 28.3% of unemployed graduates are considering applying for ordinary teachers in primary and secondary schools, military civilians, etc.

  According to the "2022 College Student Employability Survey Report" released by Zhaopin Recruitment, state-owned enterprises are still the first choice for graduates to apply for jobs, accounting for 44.4%, up from 42.5% in 2021.

  Zhao Jianing, who is studying for a master's degree in Hong Kong, also does not exclude working in state-owned enterprises and "leave a path for himself".

  Zhao Jianing could have graduated in June this year, but "now it's not enough to have a good degree. Companies like to have both a good degree and a good internship."

She has talked with the human resources of a leading Internet company and a Fortune 500 company. The other party revealed that the recruitment index will be greatly reduced this year. If you participate in the autumn recruitment, you should think about it.

  Therefore, she decided to take a year off from school, avoid this year's autumn recruitment, and first find a more valuable internship as a stepping stone to job hunting.

  According to the "2022 College Student Employability Survey Report" released by Zhaopin Recruitment, the proportion of 2022 college graduates who are "slowly employed" like Zhao Jianing has increased by 3 percentage points compared with last year.

  After applying for a school leave, Zhao Jianing was no longer anxious.

  She set quantitative indicators for herself and submitted nearly 20 internship resumes every day.

She doesn't know whether the employment environment will be good or bad next year, "but I will get better."

  "It's not enough just to work on the job"

  According to Tan Li, deputy dean of the School of Computer Science and Technology of Beijing Technology and Business University, promoting graduate employment is a long-term task. Visiting companies to expand jobs, construction of internship bases and student training are all linked together.

  Beijing Technology and Business University has only established the School of Computer Science for more than two years, but according to Tan Li, the employment rate of both undergraduates and postgraduates in the first two years has reached 100%.

  Tan Li led the team to participate in the visit to the company to expand the post. "We went there once for a short time, but we couldn't provide 5 positions immediately."

  On April 21, Tan Li and several other leaders of the college visited and investigated Lenovo Group.

When visiting and investigating, they will ask companies to fill out a questionnaire: what are the job requirements, what are the expectations for the new graduates, and which college students do they prefer to choose under the same conditions?

If you encounter graduates from the college working in research companies, you will also ask the companies which courses are more useful.

  Different companies have their own positioning of recruiting students. Taking Lenovo as an example, it is more difficult for fresh graduates of the School of Computer Science and Technology of Beijing Technology and Business University to enter the job, while graduate students still have opportunities.

In this survey, Lenovo Group suggested that students can first practice in upstream and downstream ecological enterprises to develop matching skills.

  Tan Li said that they plan to build an internship base in Lenovo's ecosystem and organize some internship programs to improve the possibility of students' success in job hunting in the future.

  Before that, the School of Computer Science and Technology of Beijing Technology and Business University has cooperated with Beijing Shenzhou Zhizao Technology Co., Ltd. and other enterprises to establish an artificial intelligence talent training practice base, so that college students have more practical opportunities.

  Tan Li believes that in terms of promoting the employment of graduates, setting up employment WeChat groups, recommending employment information to students, and conducting resumes and interview guidance are the symptoms, while the establishment of internship bases and other training links are the root causes.

  Yang Yunchuan, director of the Student Employment Guidance Service Center of Yunnan University, has a similar feeling.

In recent years, they have been building an employment guidance service system, "doing a lot of work related to employment education, with the purpose of improving the quality of students and promoting their development." In the two years after the outbreak, although they have invested a lot of time and energy Data analysis, job recommendation and one-to-one assistance work, but education and guidance services for employment have not been relaxed.

  Tan Li sometimes wonders, is he only looking at the baton of employment, is he only teaching students the most popular computer technology?

However, she believes that employment is the export of cultivating students, but training is a comprehensive matter, and employment should not be regarded as the only indicator. In addition to teaching students to master computer programming languages, it also includes building a knowledge system, improving physical fitness, and establishing correct values, etc.

  "Now our school is linking enrollment, training, and employment. If enrollment and training are not done well, employment will not be good. Only in the employment link is not enough," Tan Li said.

  In 2017, the Ministry of Education issued the "Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Formation of a Talent Training Linkage Mechanism for Employment and Enrollment Plans in Colleges and Universities", which requires actively meeting national needs, deepening the reform of the enrollment system; establishing a dynamic adaptation mechanism to improve the quality of professional construction; and innovating talent training models. , to improve the ability of employment and entrepreneurship; improve the employment feedback mechanism, improve the employment service system in four aspects, promote the formation of employment and enrollment plans, and the linkage mechanism of talent training in colleges and universities, and promote multi-channel employment and entrepreneurship for college graduates to achieve higher quality and fuller employment.

  In addition, the admission rate of postgraduate entrance examination is also included in the employment rate.

According to Tan Li, Beijing Technology and Business University is positioned as a high-level research university, which can relieve a lot of employment pressure when the enrollment rate is 30% to 40%.

What the school wants to do is to establish a virtuous circle of improving the quality of training and promoting employment by combining professional characteristics.

  "As we engage in professional construction and improve the quality of training, employment will become less and less problematic. Instead of abandoning the quality of training in pursuit of employment. On the contrary, because of the pressure of employment now, we dare not be sloppy about training." Tan Li said.

  (Yang Xuemei, Zhang Gongzhen and Zhao Jianing are pseudonyms in the text)

  Beijing News reporter Du Hansan and intern Wang Yifan