The privacy of many new crown patients has been leaked this year. How should patient privacy be protected?

  Beijing News (Reporter Dai Xuan) Yesterday (December 8), a 20-year-old diagnosed patient in Chengdu, Zhao’s name, ID number, detailed home address and other private information was suspected to be exposed, and his private life was also accused by many netizens. irony.

Today (December 9), Zhao responded on social platforms that it is not clear who exposed her personal information. Since yesterday, someone has been calling her and texting her, and because of "causing trouble for everyone, breaking everyone The originally peaceful life" apologized.

  The reporter combed and found that during the new crown epidemic, many patients' privacy was suspected to be leaked.

Some disease control professionals said that personal information not related to prevention and control cannot be leaked to the outside world, which will bring huge social pressure to patients.

Chengdu girl apologized for causing trouble to everyone

  After being diagnosed with the new crown, personal privacy was leaked and received "bad reviews" from many netizens.

Zhao, a new crown patient in Chengdu who was diagnosed yesterday, quickly aroused public attention.

  According to the Sichuan Provincial Health Commission, yesterday, 4 new cases of new coronary pneumonia were confirmed in Chengdu.

Among them, a 20-year-old female patient, Zhao, was a contact of a previously diagnosed person and tested positive for nucleic acid that day.

Officials announced his condition and the six main places where he stayed within 14 days.

  However, another piece of more detailed information has spread on the Internet, including his name, residential address, recent locations and contacts, and even his mobile phone number and ID number.

After that, many netizens ridiculed and attacked the woman's wide range of actions and the behavior of entering and exiting the bar, calling her "disorderly", "peripheral", "transition queen" and so on.

The incident triggered a multi-faceted debate on the limits of personal privacy protection and "slut humiliation" during the epidemic.

  Today, Zhao responded on the social platform that as a confirmed patient, he immediately cooperated with the flow adjustment and reported his whereabouts to the epidemic prevention department to face the spread of the epidemic.

During the quarantine period, I saw gossip on the Internet and many slanders and abuses against my family members. I didn't understand why so many people attacked me.

"I just accidentally contracted the new crown, and I am also a victim."

  She said that online abuse and slander will have an impact on her future work and life, as well as harm her family.

Regarding the privacy exposure, she does not know who did it, but since yesterday, someone has been calling her and texting her.

"After my identity was exposed, people called me every day, and sometimes there were six calls in one minute, which caused the epidemic prevention and control staff to call me busy."

  She also expressed apologies, saying that it caused trouble to Chengdu citizens and broke the original peaceful life.

Information of multiple new crown patients and relatives was leaked

  Nearly a year after the outbreak of the new crown epidemic, information leakage incidents have occurred frequently.

  On the evening of November 19th, Yang, a resident of Building 19 in Kanhaixuan Community, Tianjin, was diagnosed with a new case of new coronary pneumonia. Overnight, detailed information about Yang and his family members. Yang had all travelled in the past 14 days. The names and mobile phone numbers of people who have been in contact on the occasion are circulated on social media.

  On November 9, Shanghai disclosed a new case. The patient was Wang Moumou, who was involved in porting work at Pudong Airport.

Subsequently, the circulation information of Liu, suspected of Wang's colleague, was spread, including his real name, gender, age, ID number, contact number, height, weight, household registration address, and even Liu's parents and girlfriend The real names, ID numbers, mobile phone numbers of colleagues, etc.

  On February 22, the Beishidian Branch of the Public Security Bureau of Jincheng City, Shanxi Province issued a police report. At 9 o'clock on February 16, a large number of pictures containing information on people diagnosed with new coronary pneumonia were disseminated on the Internet. This information originated on February 16. During the execution of the epidemic prevention and control work, XX Riping privately sent pictures containing information about people diagnosed with new coronary pneumonia to the WeChat family group of 27 members, which eventually caused the spread.

The person was sentenced to administrative detention for 7 days according to law.

  On February 21, Ningbo announced a new case of new coronary pneumonia in Beilun District. The personal information of the patient and his relatives was also leaked on social media, including the names of the patient, her husband, father-in-law, son, ID number, photo, Mobile phone number, and private information of multiple relatives.

After investigation, a local auxiliary policeman and a village cadre obtained this information during their work and disseminated it through WeChat. After that, the two local public security bureaus imposed administrative detention for six days and a fine of 500 yuan. Among them, the village cadre accepted the party A serious warning was given and the auxiliary police was terminated by the unit.

Follow-up question 1: What information about the epidemic situation can be disclosed?

  A professional who worked in the disease control department and was involved in the flow of new crown patients told reporters that every item of information on confirmed patients was very cautious, and the contents of the disclosure mainly included the patient’s age, gender, occupation, and relationship with previous cases. , Illness, part of the trajectory of actions, the number of close contacts, etc. The purpose is to disclose the source of infection to the public in a timely manner, and to remind relevant personnel to be vigilant and proactively detect.

  Most of the official traffic information released by various regions is within this framework.

For example, Zhao's information released by the Sichuan Provincial Health Commission includes age, occupation (no fixed occupation), residential area, relationship with the previously confirmed case, time of diagnosis, and 6 places where he stayed in the past 14 days.

  Two new confirmed cases in Shanghai on November 20 revealed that the two were married and were diagnosed with fever.

The man is a security inspector at the freight station in the western area of ​​UPS Shanghai International Transfer Center at Pudong Airport. In addition to his workplace, he has visited Zhoupu Hospital, Qianlixiang Wonton Tingyue Road Gonghai Road Crossing Store, Hangtou Town Wanglou Village, and Zhuqiao Town Xinxin within 14 days. East Village Jingxin Community and other places.

  When Beijing recently released the information on imported confirmed cases abroad, it will explain the number of close contacts and the killing by the disease control department.

  "The information disclosed will not let the outside world know who the patient is." The above-mentioned disease control personnel introduced that once they are "human flesh", patients with infectious diseases are vulnerable to strange eyes from the outside world and huge social pressure, and personal privacy and epidemic prevention and control It doesn't matter in itself.

He introduced that there is no specific regulation on the disclosure of new crown patient information which cannot be disclosed, but it is a consensus to protect privacy. Real names, ID numbers, and mobile phone numbers must not be disclosed, and detailed addresses are generally not disclosed.

Follow-up question 2: What are the possibilities for personal information leakage during the epidemic?

  The above-mentioned disease control personnel told reporters that in order to accurately trace the source and prevent proliferation, they will ask for very detailed information, including detailed daily trajectories, places visited, and people who have been in contact with the confirmed cases.

  "According to preliminary estimates, a confirmed patient can contact about 20 people a day. This is the name that can record the name, not counting the strangers contacted in public places. A patient with a recent illness, minimizing the social circle, often involves 30 -40 people. We also need to know the names, mobile phone numbers, ID numbers, occupations, and addresses of these people. If they are subsequently identified as close contacts, we must carry out isolation and other measures." He said that due to the huge amount of information, information protection is particularly important. Importantly, in order to prevent leakage, transmission is only carried out through the internal network of government departments, and the prevention and control level is high.

Disease control personnel will receive training from the public security department to improve information protection awareness.

At work, we will try our best to avoid sending private information through public networks (wifi in public places, WeChat, email, etc.).

The transmission of this information is limited to internal investigations of the epidemic, or the relevant work of epidemic prevention and control carried out by higher and lower levels, and leakage is prohibited.

  If the disclosed private information of a confirmed patient is true, at what point might it be leaked?

  "The possibility of cyber attacks cannot be completely ruled out. But the most likely thing is that during the epidemic prevention and control period, the insiders will send private information to the work group and other WeChat groups, and then be forwarded and circulated on social networks. This shows that the internal The awareness of personnel information protection is still lacking." He said.

Follow-up question 3: How to be held accountable for the leakage of personal information?

  According to Han Xiao, a lawyer from Beijing Kangda Law Firm, my country’s law protects the privacy of citizens. The right of privacy is the right of people to enjoy the tranquility of private life and to protect personal information in accordance with the law, from being illegally intruded, informed, collected and disclosed by others. ; It is a kind of personality right that people enjoy to control personal information, private activities and private fields that are not related to public interests.

  As the subject of rights, citizens have the right to decide to what extent others can intervene in their private lives, whether their privacy is disclosed to others, and the scope and extent of the public.

The "Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Law" and the "Regulations on Public Health Emergencies Emergency Response" stipulate that medical institutions, health administrative departments and other specific institutions can collect information from patients and take other compulsory measures, but they also stipulate that personal privacy must not be disclosed.

There are no separate regulations regarding the privacy rights of patients themselves.

  Han Xiao stated that the act of disseminating and disclosing the personal information of others without the consent of others constitutes an infringement of the privacy rights of others in civil law. According to the provisions of the Tort Liability Law, the infringed has the right to request the infringer to bear the tort liability , Here’s the assumption of tort liability, including apology, compensation for mental damage, etc.

  At the same time, anyone who fabricates false remarks, fabricates facts, blatantly insults and intimidates others’ personal privacy may face detention or fines in accordance with Article 42 of the Law on Public Security Administration Punishments.

If the circumstances are serious and reach the conviction standard for defamation and insults in Article 246 of the Criminal Law, the victim may file a criminal private prosecution to request the criminal responsibility of the offender.

  In addition, Article 253 of the Criminal Law stipulates the crime of infringing on citizens’ personal information, selling or providing citizens’ personal information to others, if the circumstances are serious, they may be liable for a fixed-term imprisonment of up to seven years and fines.