Chinanews.com client, Beijing, December 4th. On the 4th, "Chew Words" released the top ten buzzwords of 2020, which are: "The people are supreme, life is supreme", "Retrograde", "Sa", "Houlang", "Mythical Beast" "Live streaming", "double loop", "beating workers", "introduction", and "Versailles literature".
These buzzwords were selected-
These buzzwords were selected-
People are supreme, life is supreme
People are supreme, life is supreme
The new crown epidemic has posed a serious threat to the lives and health of the people. The people of the country are closely united and actively engaged in the unprecedented fight against the epidemic.
General Secretary Xi Jinping has given important instructions to put the safety and health of the people first!
Under the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, the people across the country worked together to help each other to overcome the difficulties, the situation of epidemic prevention and control continued to improve, and social and economic development accelerated.
On May 22, 2020, during the deliberations of the Inner Mongolia delegation at the Third Session of the Thirteenth National People’s Congress, General Secretary Xi said: “The people are supreme, life is supreme, and the safety and health of the people can be protected at all costs.”
"The people are supreme, life is supreme" embodies the communists' value pursuit of "people-centered". The most fundamental reason why my country has achieved major strategic results in the anti-epidemic war is to adhere to the "people first, life first". Guidelines.
Retrograde refers to walking in the opposite direction of everyone and not taking the usual path; retrograde refers to a person who, due to his duties and beliefs, ignores personal safety when a major danger occurs, faces difficulties, and saves the lives and property of others. people.
In 2020, "retrograde" has become a term for advanced individuals and collectives that emerged in the battle against the new crown epidemic.
In this fight against the epidemic, the majority of medical workers, disease control workers, PLA officers and soldiers, scientific and technological workers, community workers, public security police, etc. who have made major contributions are all called "retrogrades."
With firm, resolute courage and perseverance, they raced against time and battled with illness. Some comrades even gave their precious lives.
The "retrograde" demonstrates the Chinese people's excellent qualities of sticking to their posts and not afraid of dangers when facing the test of life and death.
This book is used to describe the wind.
"Sa", which is popular nowadays, especially refers to handsome and neat, chic and refreshing, and is mostly used for women.
The new crown virus rages on the land of China, and women hold up most of the sky in the fight against the epidemic.
According to statistics, about 50% of doctors fighting the epidemic are women, and more than 90% of nurses are women.
Women are not allowed to bear eyebrows, women are the "most beautiful scenery" on the frontline of the war epidemic.
To describe them as "Sa" is the most lofty tribute to female compatriots from the whole country!
Nowadays, "Sa!", "True Sa!" and "Beautiful and Sa!" have become common words used by people to praise female compatriots who are fighting in their respective positions in all walks of life, and are widely spread on the Internet.
Originated from "the waves behind the Yangtze River urge the waves ahead, the newcomers in the world change for the old".
On the eve of the May Fourth Youth Day in 2020, the short video "After the Wave" became the focus of public opinion with an unstoppable force.
In the video, actor He Bing gave a passionate speech, calling the new generation of young people "back wave", expressing his recognition and praise for them, arousing heated discussions from all walks of life, and "back wave" was a smash hit.
The current popular "post wave" roughly refers to our post-90s and post-00s.
Most people of this generation are only children. They once felt that they were "unintelligible" and "too rebellious." However, in the face of the new crown epidemic, they fought hard, charged ahead, and proved themselves with practical actions.
"Hou Lang" has assumed the responsibility and mission entrusted to them by history and has become the "Hope Generation" in this great era.
Divine beasts originally refers to animals in ancient Chinese folk myths and legends.
In the first half of 2020, due to the impact of the new crown epidemic, the opening of primary and secondary schools across the country has been postponed, and children have online lessons at home.
These children are lively and cute, but many are mischievous and have excellent IQs. Things happen from time to time.
They study at home without teacher supervision. Parents have to fight wits and courage with them and resort to various tricks, just like fighting a "shen beast".
Parents are exhausted and hope that the epidemic will be resolved as soon as possible, the school will resume classes as soon as possible, and the "sacred beasts" will be returned as soon as possible.
"Mythical beasts" have become a synonym for children who take online lessons at home during the epidemic.
That is to say, a new form of commodity transaction for online display, shopping guide, and sales through the Internet platform, using live broadcast technology, is the "new generation of e-commerce model."
During the raging period of the new crown virus, "live delivery of goods" effectively solved the problem of a substantial decrease in physical store customers and poor inventory of goods. A group of "large traffic" delivery anchors achieved amazing sales performance, attracting many industries to adopt this model .
According to media reports, the United States, which has been severely affected by the epidemic, has also recently launched a "live delivery" model.
"Live delivery with goods" has become a well-known buzzword and has entered the public eye.
However, there are many hidden worries behind the popularity of "live streaming", such as illegal publicity, data falsification, fake and shoddy products appearing from time to time, after-sales service cannot be guaranteed, and so on.
Effective supervision has become a top priority.
On May 14, 2020, a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee proposed to "build a new development pattern of mutual promotion of domestic and international dual cycles."
The Fifth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China "Proposal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Formulating the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and the Long-term Goals for 2035" once again put forward, "Accelerate the establishment of a domestic The new development pattern of mutual promotion of international double cycles".
This is a major adjustment and improvement of my country’s economic development strategy and path during the 14th Five-Year Plan and a longer period in the future. It is a major strategic deployment that focuses on my country’s long-term development and long-term stability. Efficient, fairer, more sustainable and safer development will have an important and far-reaching impact on the promotion of world economic prosperity.
"Double cycle" has entered the public's field of vision and has become a "hot word" of widespread concern in society.
Part-time work originally refers to work, which is mostly used for temporary work; while part-time work originally refers to people engaged in manual labor, usually migrant workers.
On September 22, a netizen posted a short self-portrait video on the Internet. In the video, he pretended to go out to work and said: "The hardworking man has run to the tower crane, but you stretched under the covers. , You don’t take your life seriously. Good morning, hitting the workers!” This video attracted a lot of attention and imitating, and “beating the workers” immediately detonated the Internet.
In the spread, the scope of application of "strike-workers" has expanded and the object of allegations is diversified, almost becoming a collective term for workers in all walks of life.
Whether it is a social elite or an ordinary employee, whether it is a mental worker or a manual worker, they are all called "beating workers."
Also known as "involution", translated from English involution, originally a sociological term, refers to a phenomenon in which a social or cultural model stagnates after a certain stage of development, or cannot be transformed into a more advanced model.
In the second half of 2020, a few pictures were screened: some people were reading on a bicycle, some were using a computer while they were riding a bicycle, and some were using a stack of books on the bed... the classmates who "ridden while using the computer" were called Top the hot search for "King of Rolls".
"Internal scrolling" became popular, and college students used it to refer to irrational internal competition.
Some students gave an example: the teacher asked for 5,000 words for the paper, and many students wrote 10,000 words or more for the evaluation.
Everyone is over-requiring to complete the task, but the rate of winning has not changed.
Now, "involution" is "out of the circle" from college students, and irrational competition within all walks of life is called "involution."
Professionals pointed out that it is normal for a stage of stagnation in development, and the key is to effectively conduct rational competition, calling on relevant industries to face up to the phenomenon of irrational "involution" and actively explore the way to "deinvolution".
A discourse mode of "showing off in a low-key manner" is also called Fanxue.
This mode of discourse first suppresses and then promotes, publicly derogate and secretly praise, self-talk, pretending to show off in a distressed and unhappy tone.
For example, some people show off being thin: "I really envy those people who gain weight easily. I ate a lot of food in a month and thought I could make 90 kilograms. As a result...it was too unfair, I want to cry!" "Versailles Literature" got its name from the Japanese manga "The Rose of Versailles". This work meticulously portrays the luxurious and luxurious life of the nobles in the Palace of Versailles in France at the end of the 18th century. Netizens use "Versailles" to refer to the high-end and luxurious life.
In early November, a netizen who was certified as a writer on Weibo recorded her "noble" life in a "plain" text on Weibo, which attracted comments from netizens.
"Fanxue" became popular because of this, and a "Versailles Literature" creation contest was launched online.
In fact, most of the "Fan Xue" works nowadays are no longer showing off, but just a kind of ridicule.
What are the characteristics of buzzwords this year?
What are the characteristics of buzzwords this year?
Huang Anjing, editor-in-chief of "Zhen Wen Che Zi", said that 2020 is the "big year" of buzzwords.
"In the past few years, there were few items to choose from, but this year there are relatively many items to choose from. Our job is to select the items that best represent the characteristics of the year."
Huang Anjing mentioned that this year's "anti-epidemic buzzwords" have a clear advantage in both quantity and quality.
"The epidemic is the background color of this year, and the fight against the epidemic is the theme of this year. Whether it is the focus of work or the focus of attention, it mainly focuses on the fight against the epidemic, the resumption of work and production, and the recovery of social economy. Language is to record society. As a symbol of life, a large number of new words and expressions related to'anti-epidemic' have appeared this year. Therefore, a large number of'anti-epidemic buzzwords' have emerged and attracted wide attention from all walks of life. Most of those who entered this year's list are related to the theme of'anti-epidemic' United."
How was it selected?
How was it selected?
Regarding the selection criteria of the top ten buzzwords in 2020, Huang Anjing said that considering the "sociological value" and "linguistic value" of the selected items, it is reflected in the following three aspects.
One is to reflect the characteristics of the times.
"Anti-epidemic" is the annual theme of this year. "People are supreme, life is supreme", "Retrograde", "Sa", "Houlang", "Mythical beasts", "Live delivery", "Double loop", etc., are all related to the theme of "Anti-epidemic" , All bring the characteristics of this year.
The second is to promote positive energy.
The annual buzzwords of the "Chew Words" selection has always regarded "promoting positive social energy" as the core standard. This year, it has promoted the achievements in the fight against the epidemic, praised the advanced anti-epidemic, promoted the anti-epidemic spirit, and promoted the Chinese nation's demonstration in the fight against the epidemic. Good morality is regarded as the "central idea" in the selection of buzzwords.
Such as "people first, life first", "retrograde", "back wave", "Sa", etc., are selected under the guidance of this "central idea".
The third is to guide Chinese life.
Huang Anjing stated that "Zhen Wen Che Zi" advocates a healthy Chinese life and standard language use, and has always insisted on whether there is "innovation" in structure, meaning, and usage as an important criterion for selecting buzzwords.
The entries selected this year all reflect this characteristic.
For example, "the people are supreme, life is supreme", "live streaming", "double loop", and "Versailles literature" are all new structures, and words such as "retrograde", "sa", "after waves" and "sacred beasts" are popular with new meanings. There are innovations in the usage of "beating workers" and "internal scrolls".