The Paper Journalist Chen Xuhou and intern You Yanni
From above, the brick house of about 40 square meters is embedded in the middle of the bridge pavement, which is described as "the house in the bridge"... . Recently, an old house in Haizhu District, Guangzhou became a popular Internet celebrity, and many people came here to "check in."
On the afternoon of August 6th, The Paper (www.thepaper.cn) visited on the spot and found that the crowd of onlookers had not yet receded, and there were still many curious people gathered around the house. They often took pictures and discussed the environment, safety and value of the house.
Behind the popular network of "Bridge House", there are still unsolved questions: Why is the demolition not completed?
On the afternoon of the 6th, The Paper obtained response materials from the staff of the Propaganda Department of the Haizhu District Party Committee. The demolition here involved 47 private houses and 7 related units. Except for the above-mentioned "Bridge Houses", the demolition and relocation of others were successfully completed.
Regarding the reasons for the unfinished demolition, the official explanation is that the relevant departments and streets provided various compensation methods such as monetary compensation and replacement housing for the owners' reference, but the two parties failed to reach a consensus.
After seeing the above official response, Ms. Liang, the representative of the owner of the "Bridge House", was somewhat dissatisfied. She said that the government did not provide a monetary compensation plan, nor did it provide multiple sources to choose from. The reason for not reaching an agreement was that they were The housing provided by the government is not satisfactory. For example, the housing provided by the government last time, facing the hospital morgue, felt that the orientation was not good, so they did not agree.
Ms. Liang said that if there is a suitable and well-oriented replacement housing, they are willing to move, but since June this year, no one has contacted or communicated with them.
"The emergence of the "Bridge House" phenomenon has caused a waste of resources." Zhang Youde, a professor at the Urban Governance Research Institute of Shanghai University of Political Science and Law, believes that in the past, demolition should be vigilant against "forced demolition", and Guangzhou's "Bridge House" gave another reflection angle. , That is, whether the relevant departments have exhausted all methods when doing demolition work, and whether they really do the work in detail.
"Bridge House" became an Internet celebrity
On August 3, the Haizhuyong Bridge on Huandao Road in Haizhu District of Guangzhou was opened. The outside world accidentally discovered that under the road on the south side of the bridge, a brick house had not been demolished and had been retained.
This is the western part of Haizhu District, on the edge of the Pearl River and close to the Taikoo Cang business district. Viewed from the sky above, this house appears to be embedded in the middle of the road surface of the bridge, so it is described as "a house in a bridge" by the outside world. The small brick house became popular.
The Paper noted that the small brick house is No. 22 Haibang Waijie, covering an area of about 40 square meters. The house is generally old, with only one floor and a tiled roof. The nearby houses have been demolished and the relocation work is suspected to be completed. At present, the small brick house has certain residential functions, connected to water and electricity, and has an exit on the east side of the bridge.
Since August 3rd, the "House in the Bridge" has attracted waves of onlookers, some of them are nearby residents, and some are tourists who come here. On the afternoon of the 6th, the flow of people watching the "house in the bridge" has not dissipated. Many curious eyes gathered on the road surface of the bridge and around the houses. Some people took pictures, some people flew drones to take aerial photos, and some people broadcast live commentary, "Every day Thousands of people have come to see it!"
There are also many topics derived from "Houses in the Bridge". If houses are surrounded by bridges, will the noise in the future be loud; will the terrain be low and will there be a risk of being flooded in rainstorms? Do houses become Internet celebrities? Commercial development possibilities..... . While watching, there was no lack of exchanges and discussions on the scene, which seemed very lively.
This excitement also caused trouble to the owners. In the daytime, the doors of small brick houses are closed. The windows on the east side of the house are blocked by bricks, and the windows on the west side are also blocked. Outsiders cannot see the interior of the house from the doors and windows. Some onlookers pushed the side door of the house and made a noise, which annoyed the people in the house a bit. At this time, everyone realized that "someone was inside."
It was Ms. Liang who went out to remind the onlookers. She was a little angry and said that the onlookers are okay, but don't cross the border and invade their privacy. She also laughed at herself and said, "Everyone turned this place into an internet celebrity, not our own desire to be an internet celebrity."
Ms. Liang had obvious resistance to being watched and questioned. However, she also said that everyone is curious and can understand when they come to see and take pictures, they will not interfere with normal onlookers.
According to Ms. Liang, several members of her family have lived here for decades, and there are still elderly and children living there today. As early as ten years ago, it was rumored to be demolished here.
Regarding the demolition work here, The Paper obtained from the Haizhu District Party Committee Propaganda Department. The Haizhuyong Bridge on the Huandao Road is an important node on the Huandao Road and one of the people’s livelihood projects to be promoted in Haizhu District. The completion of the bridge will effectively relieve the surrounding area. The traffic pressure will improve the travel conditions of residents along the route.
Since 2010, Haizhu District has initiated the demolition of the bridge, involving 47 private houses and 7 related units. In September last year, in addition to the above-mentioned "Bridge House", demolition agreements were signed. A total of about 9,050 square meters of houses and 4,230 square meters of land were acquired.
In 2015, Guangzhou's Zhoutouzui Tunnel was opened to traffic, and a "circle in the middle of the building" surrounded by viaducts became popular. It is a famous "nail house" in Guangzhou. Southern Metropolis Daily
Where is the demolition card
Earlier, there was news on the Internet that the owners of the "Bridge House" were "nail households" and were dissatisfied with the government's compensation plan, which led to the failure to complete the demolition. There are various claims such as compensation for 4 million and 10 million. Ms. Liang responded that these online information is not true. They are not "nail households". They just failed to reach an agreement with the government on the replacement of housing. The so-called 4 million and 10 million do not exist. really".
Ms. Liang said that there are a lot of online opinions, and they can't control it, "I don't read it much, and don't care how everyone talks."
On the afternoon of the 6th, Haizhu District responded to the "Bridge House" related situation. But Ms. Liang said that many of the descriptions in it were inaccurate.
According to the official response, since the start of the requisition and demolition work, relevant departments and sub-districts have been negotiating and communicating with the owners to publicize and interpret the demolition and demolition work, explain in detail the compensation standards for demolition and relocation, and provide various compensation methods such as monetary compensation and replacement housing for the owners. reference. Replacement houses provide houses in different locations, such as Gexin Road, Baogang Avenue, Xingang Middle Road, etc., for owners to choose from with different directions and convenient transportation, but they have not been able to reach a consensus.
In this regard, Ms. Liang told The Paper that there is no monetary compensation plan, and they did not provide them with multiple replacement housing options. For example, the housing provided last time, they found that the opposite of the house was the hospital morgue and felt that the orientation was not good. , There is no acceptance.
The Paper noted that Ms. Liang had similar expressions in interviews with other media. For example, according to the Southern+ report, Ms. Liang said that ten years ago, the government took her to see a house in Feng'an Garden on Gexin Road, Haizhu District, but the layout of the house was too poor, giving people the feeling of "three-pointed octagonal". Recently, the government asked her to move to Baogang Avenue, but the morgue of the hospital was just opposite the house. In the end, the family did not agree.
As for the area of the replacement house, Ms. Liang declined to disclose, saying that the situation should be obtained from the official.
The official response stated that under the premise of ensuring the safety of houses, the bridge construction bypassed the site of expropriation and demolition, and reserved access channels for the residents under the bridge, realizing the normal opening of the bridge, and relevant departments will continue to maintain peace The owner communicated and negotiated to reach a consensus as soon as possible.
Ms. Liang said that since June this year, no one has communicated with them on this matter; recently, the house has become popular and no one has contacted them.
"If there is a suitable and well-oriented replacement housing, we are willing to move." However, Ms. Liang is pessimistic about this and thinks that there is little room for maneuver at this point. As for issues such as house noise and safety, Ms. Liang said that these are no longer what they can consider.
In response to Ms. Liang’s above statement, The Paper contacted the Haizhu District Party Committee Propaganda Department for verification. As of the time of publication, no response was received.
The "circle middle building" surrounded by viaducts is still present, and its 2-8 floors have been idle for many years. The Paper, reporter Chen Xuhou
Expert: Should reflect on whether the demolition work is in place
Coincidentally, there is also a similar Internet celebrity building about one kilometer away from the "Bridge House".
According to public information, in 2015, Guangzhou Zhoutouzui Tunnel opened to traffic, an 8-story building was not completed due to individual owners not agreeing to the demolition compensation plan. Therefore, the planned viaduct had to be diverted and formed a "circle" surrounding the building.
From the sky above, this building is surrounded by a circular viaduct, making this building a well-known "nail house" in Guangzhou and once popular on the Internet.
On the afternoon of August 6, The Paper visited and found that the circular area formed by the viaduct was about 1,000 square meters, planted with green trees, which looked a bit like a small park. The 8-story building that was left in that year looks dilapidated as a whole. The 2nd-8th floors are uninhabited, and the first floor is rented out, mostly used as a warehouse for the logistics industry.
"Floors 2-8 have been idle for many years." A nearby resident said with emotion that the nearby viaduct has already been built and there is no need to demolish this building.
In response to the aforementioned phenomenon of "houses in the bridge", Professor Tang Yalin of the Department of Public Administration of Fudan University told The Paper that it was difficult to make specific judgments because of his lack of understanding of the internal situation. However, such a result must have been paid by the public interest, and some governments have increased their awareness of the rule of law. Under circumstances, he is unwilling to consider head-on.
In an interview with the Southern Metropolis Daily, Professor Hu Gang of the School of Public Administration of Jinan University said that from the perspective of the specific development of the city, it does harm the public interests of the city, and the construction of bridge bypasses affects the urban landscape. In addition, for vehicle owners who pass the bridge, fuel consumption has also increased over the years.
"However, from a macro perspective, it shows that China's rule of law and social civilization are gradually improving." Hu Gang believes that the government and people are equal under the framework of the rule of law. When there is a conflict between demolition and urban construction and development, the two parties can negotiate. If they cannot negotiate, they will not be forced to demolish, and the built bridge can be bypassed.
Hu Gang suggested that the compensation claims made by the "nail households" should be modest. Seeking truth from facts, it needs to be evaluated based on land prices and put forward reasonable requirements; the government can work more carefully, "Estimating how much the bridge was built by bypassing it? More expensive than compensation. Or is it cheaper? A balance can be made."
"The result of the'house in the bridge' has led to waste of resources, changed the original road planning, and also affected the appearance of the city." Zhang Youde, a professor at the Urban Governance Institute of Shanghai University of Political Science and Law, told The Paper that the government's planning is authoritative. Generally speaking, it must be implemented. If there are special circumstances, it can be handled flexibly. When it comes to demolition issues, on the one hand, the individual demands of the demolition households must be considered, and the overall fairness must also be considered.
After reading the relevant reports from the owner of the “Bridge House” in Guangzhou, Zhang Youde said that in the past, one extreme to be vigilant about demolition was forced demolition. This time, the “Bridge House” in Guangzhou is of great value for attention. The reflection angle is whether the government's demolition work is in place, whether it has achieved in-depth and effective communication, and whether it has really exhausted all means to complete the demolition work.
Zhang Youde also said that Japan's Narita Airport has also been caught in the vortex of demolition disputes, which is often discussed as a case. However, Japan's land laws and family living conditions are different from those in China and cannot be simply compared with the "Bridge House" in Guangzhou. He believes that while being vigilant against the government's forced demolition, we must also be vigilant about the lazy and lazy government that may occur when the government faces the problem of demolition.
(This article is from The Paper. For more original information, please download the "The Paper" APP)