• Expelled from the labor market to care for others: Spaniards who stop working to care for children and the elderly grow by 42%

The month of January, which is always negative for the labor market, ended this year with the

loss of 215,047 jobs

and the increase of

70,744 people on the registered unemployment lists of

the Public State Employment Service (SEPE), a behavior of labor market very similar to that which has historically taken place in the country in the months of January and which, therefore, does not mean that employment has slowed down particularly.

The loss of jobs is slightly higher than that which took place in the five years prior to the pandemic -when 192,372 jobs were destroyed in January-, but for example in



were lost


in 2021, 218,953, and in


-before the pandemic broke out in Spain-,


With this loss of affiliates in the first month of the year, the

total number of workers

registered with Social Security stands at

20.08 million,

as reported by the Ministry on Thursday.

The bulk of the destruction of jobs has occurred in the General Scheme (-192,515) and, within it, in the

hospitality industry

(with 43,118 fewer people), in

administrative activities

(-42,068), and in


(-39,613 ).

20,800 less self-employed

The disappearance of 20,800 self-employed workers

was more pronounced

, a destruction that had not been seen in a month of January since 2012. Of those lost businesses, 6,682 belonged to


, 2,817 to the

hospitality industry

and 2,287 to



The first two sectors could begin to pick up

the impact of inflation on household consumption,

with fewer visitors to bars and restaurants and less willingness to consume.

For its part,

registered unemployment

in SEPE offices

increased by 70,744 people

, of whom 7,753 were under 25 years of age.

Unemployment growth was even

lower than historically registered in January

-in 2021, unemployment rose by 76,216 people this month;

in 2020, at 90,248, and in 2019, at 83,464-.

With this balance,


rises in Spain to

2,908 million people.

Unemployment rose

in all the autonomous communities

except in the Balearic Islands, where it fell by 297 people.

By economic sectors with respect to December, there was an increase in services (+70,759 people, +3.51%), in agriculture (+1,457, +1.29%) and in industry (+408, +0.17% ).

Only construction unemployment fell

, with 3,111 fewer registered (-1.37%).

Ordinary permanent contracts, 19% of the total

In January,

1.2 million contracts were signed,

of which almost half (


) were



Of these, however,

only 44% of them were full-time ordinary

, 22% were part-time and 34% permanent discontinuous.

Although the number of permanent discontinuous workers who became inactive

is unknown at this time

, the statistics do reflect a slight increase of 28,014 people in the group of employed people seeking employment -including permanent permanent workers-.

The Ministry of

José Luis Escrivá

has spent months doing pedagogy on the need to

interpret employment data in a seasonally adjusted key

, that is, omitting the fluctuations that take place each month only due to the very nature of that seasonal moment of the year (for example, the job creation that occurs in sectors associated with tourism in summer or the loss that takes place in January, for example, when the sales and Christmas holidays end).

In order to be able to read the data without these effects, which generate statistical "noise", the Ministry has prepared a seasonally adjusted series that allows us to see which

months are really good and which are not

in terms of job creation -assuming that all the months of the year had the same same characteristics and were equally apt to create or destroy positions.

According to this series, last year was very good for employment in the first half of the year and much weaker in the second, with a significant slowdown in the last months of the year.


January 2023 has been positive

for the labor market, since

57,726 jobs would have been created in seasonally adjusted terms,

the biggest rise in nine months.

This evolution in seasonally adjusted terms, together with the fact that the real data is very similar to that of other years, could point to the fact that

the labor market has overcome the slowdown

and has started the year with


except in the self-employed group where it has occurred a heavy loss.

According to the criteria of The Trust Project

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  • SEPE

  • Social Security

  • Unemployment

  • Employment