Migration and aging will change Germany's population by 2040. Some states will continue to attract more people, other states will lose citizens.

Saxony-Anhalt has lost around twenty percent of its inhabitants since reunification. Saarland is shrinking the most of all western federal states by 5.3 percent. The number of employed people will increase from 5.8 million to around 7.7 million in 2040 - 9.2 percent of the total population. The median age of the population divides into a younger and an older half.