Our reporter Yang Yangteng
The Industrial Internet is connected with traditional industrial manufacturing at one end and a new generation of information technology at the other.
Building the industrial Internet bridge is related to the transformation and upgrading and high-quality development of traditional industries.
In recent years, my country's industrial Internet has continued to grow and develop, and new models and new formats have emerged one after another.
In Shenzhen, which has a solid manufacturing foundation and outstanding development of high-tech industries, the Industrial Internet is penetrating into more industries, helping related companies to digitally transform.
At present, the industrial Internet is still facing many difficulties and obstacles in its solid and deep development. The exploration and practice of Shenzhen deserves attention.
In recent years, with the rapid development of new-generation information technologies such as 5G, big data, and artificial intelligence, my country's industrial Internet industry has continued to develop and grow, and the industrial scale will reach 916.48 billion yuan in 2020.
In January this year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the "Industrial Internet Innovation and Development Action Plan (2021-2023)", proposing that by 2023, the construction of new industrial Internet infrastructure will advance both quantitatively and qualitatively, and new models and new formats will be promoted on a large scale. The overall strength has been significantly improved.
The layout of the industrial Internet in various places is also accelerating.
In Shenzhen, the industrial manufacturing industry has a solid foundation, a complete industrial chain, a national leader in information infrastructure construction, and outstanding development of high-tech industries, providing conditions and motivation for the development of the industrial Internet.
In 2020, Shenzhen will build 47,600 5G base stations, taking the lead in realizing full coverage of 5G signals.
The IOT sensing network has also begun to take shape, realizing the initial coverage of NB-IoT network urban key area sensing equipment, and taking the lead in deploying city-wide multi-functional smart poles in the country.
With these foundations, Shenzhen is accelerating the pace of industrial Internet development and promoting the digital transformation of the manufacturing industry.
How does Shenzhen build an industrial Internet bridge between industrial manufacturing and modern information technology?
How effective is it?
What challenges are still facing the development of the industry, and how should they be solved?
Build a solid foundation for industrial development
Build a solid foundation for industrial development
In the production workshop of Shenzhen Skyworth-RGB Electronics Co., Ltd., the reporter saw that in the intelligent control center, the staff only need a VR device to clearly view every production link.
This is the 5G+ flexible manufacturing workshop created by Skyworth.
Through the 5G converged network, the equipment here has achieved full-process automated and intelligent production.
"Skyworth has established a converged network with the help of 5G, and has carried out flexible upgrades to traditional production lines. The four major 5G application scenarios of smart logistics, flexible production, visual inspection, and remote operation and maintenance have been implemented in the workshop." Yin Zhanjiang, assistant to the president of Skyworth-RGB told reporters. Compared with the traditional manufacturing mode, the warehouse capacity of Skyworth's flexible manufacturing workshop has increased by 2.5 times; the time for mixed-line production has been shortened from more than 4 hours in the past to within one hour, which can radiate 15 production lines and over 800 equipment; The overall efficiency of the operation and maintenance system has been increased by 5 times, and low-latency, full-scenario, immersive operation and maintenance guidance can be carried out for 7 bases across the country.
This is just a microcosm of Shenzhen manufacturing enterprises' digital transformation and upgrading with the help of the Industrial Internet.
In recent years, Shenzhen has taken the Industrial Internet as an important tool for digital transformation and upgrading and high-quality development of the manufacturing industry, and a number of typical cases of innovative applications of the Industrial Internet have been produced in the fields of electronics manufacturing, mechanical equipment, and precision manufacturing.
Since 2018, Shenzhen has successively launched policy documents such as "Shenzhen Measures to Accelerate the Development of Industrial Internet", "Shenzhen Action Plan for Promoting Industrial Internet Innovation and Development (2021-2023)", focusing on improving key technical support capabilities and developing for key industries Innovative applications and build a demonstration base for the industrial Internet industry.
Bao'an District is the pioneering area of Shenzhen's industrial Internet innovation and development.
In 2021, a total of 79 companies in Bao'an District intend to build benchmark applications and typical models through industrial Internet transformation, and the total investment is estimated to be 4.87 billion yuan.
"Industrial Internet can greatly stimulate new kinetic energy for economic development." Zhang Dongyan, director of Bao'an District Industry and Information Technology Bureau, told reporters that as a large industrial area and a strong manufacturing area in Shenzhen, Bao'an District is facing a tightening of regional space and resource elements and rising corporate costs. , The majority of small and medium-sized enterprises, poor ability to resist risks, and the slowdown in the growth of the electronic information industry are severe challenges.
Bao'an District urgently needs to integrate cross-field production factors through the Industrial Internet and optimize the allocation of resources from all parties, so as to break through geographical restrictions, subvert production methods, change management models, innovate business paradigms, and accelerate the development of high-end manufacturing and intelligent manufacturing.
"Bao'an District has established a leading group with the district party secretary and the district head as the dual team leaders to promote the development of the industrial Internet from the three dimensions of the government, manufacturing enterprises, and industrial Internet platforms." Zhang Dongyan introduced that Baoan District has currently selected the site in Shenzhen As an industrial Internet gathering area, the gateway area of the channel has a planned area of 3.5 square kilometers.
Bao'an District has also made arrangements for the development of specific industries. It has successively issued documents such as "Baoan District Industrial Internet Development White Paper", "Baoan District's Vigorous Development of Industrial Internet Enabling Manufacturing Transformation and Upgrade Measures" and other documents to promote industrial Internet technology innovation and achievement transformation. Accelerate the construction of secondary nodes for industrial Internet identification and analysis, and vigorously cultivate industrial Internet platforms.
With the support of national top-level design and local policies, the advancement of the Industrial Internet is more confident.
Today, the industrial Internet industry foundation of Bao'an District has been continuously consolidated.
Up to now, the broadband user coverage rate of optical fiber in Bao'an Industrial Zone is 99.1%, and 9,630 5G base stations have been built, realizing full coverage of 5G networks in key areas.
Bao'an District has also established an Industrial Internet Guidance Fund, giving priority to investment in qualified industrial Internet industry enterprises in the zone, with a fund size of 6 billion yuan.
Accelerate the digital transformation of enterprises
Accelerate the digital transformation of enterprises
Enterprises are a key element in the industrial Internet industry chain.
Nowadays, Shenzhen manufacturing enterprises are connecting traditional industries with modern technologies through the deep integration of the industrial Internet and manufacturing, and accelerating the transformation and upgrading of industrial digitization and intelligence.
However, not all companies are willing to "pay the bill" for the seemingly uncompromising "business" of the Industrial Internet.
Chen Yanzhang, general manager of Shenzhen Pulian Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd., has long been concerned about the field of industrial Internet. In his opinion, the first thing that industrial Internet must realize is the connection between things inside the factory, that is, the informatization and digitization of equipment.
Limited by the old physical equipment of traditional factories and other factors, it is very difficult to reconfigure the physical network of existing factories, and it requires too much manpower, capital, and time. This has caused many companies to have low willingness to introduce the industrial Internet.
How to solve this problem?
"Information collection is the first step in informatization." Chen Yanzhang told reporters that although most industrial equipment is old, they often have display screens that can show simple production status, and such factories are generally equipped with Andon.视系统。 As the system.
"For this reason, we have independently developed the screen information collector and the Andon information collector, which can be directly installed on the original equipment by non-intrusive external connection to realize the collection of factory information and data." Chen Yanzhang said, combined with the cloud management platform And big data analysis can realize the coordination of production equipment, thereby improving the efficiency of production management.
This will not only enable traditional factories to achieve "non-influenced" digital transformation and upgrading, but also enable data information to be valued, allowing companies to increase their profitability in the process of reducing costs and increasing efficiency.
"Logistics is a key part of the production and warehousing process. How to open up the automated connection between production and logistics, how to adapt to changes in high-frequency production lines, has become the top priority of the company's digital transformation and upgrading." Stand Robot (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. Brand Director Zhang Xu told reporters that at present, the company's AMR autonomous mobile robot has been introduced to the market, and more than 2,000 units have been delivered.
The reporter saw in the R&D department of STAND that the staff were calibrating the parameters of the AMR autonomous mobile robot.
"This robot has functions such as environmental map construction, autonomous path planning, safe obstacle avoidance, automatic charging, etc., and can meet the intelligent logistics needs of 3C, semiconductor, automotive and other industries." Zhang Xu said that the company has also built a multi-industry, cross-border The scenario-based flexible industrial logistics solution tracks and records production and logistics data in real time, realizes the visualization of production data while automating, and lays the foundation for enterprises to promote industrial interconnection.
As the "nerve center" that connects people, machines, and things, the industrial Internet platform is critical to the digital transformation of enterprises.
Shenzhen Yinbaoshan New Technology Co., Ltd. is a manufacturing service provider in the mold industry.
The reporter saw in the company's exhibition hall that real-time data including supply chain, company operation and maintenance, import and export were displayed on the big screen. This is the industrial Internet big data platform created by the company.
The company’s vice president Chen Lin told reporters that the current domestic mold industry generally suffers from the lack of manufacturing and management software, the difficulty of industrial chain coordination, and the low degree of informatization. Moreover, there are many small and medium-sized enterprises in the industry, and the uneven development of the industry is prominent.
"As a special industry that spans multiple fields, the mold industry particularly needs to use the Industrial Internet to improve corporate management energy efficiency, integrate the industry's vertical supply chain, and create a new industry ecology and new model." Chen Lin introduced that the company has used the most frequently and most frequently The mainstream production equipment is interconnected to build a data center, open up data islands in various production links, and initially build an industrial Internet big data platform for full production process management.
According to incomplete statistics, thanks to the application of the cloud platform, the company's product design cycle has been shortened by 30%, and the average customer satisfaction rate has reached more than 95%.
Improve the synergy of the industrial chain
Improve the synergy of the industrial chain
"Industrial Internet is the starting point and breakthrough point to improve the modernization level of the industrial chain. It should give full play to its configuration, hub and governance role in the industrial chain, and speed up the process of breaking through the blocking and difficult points in the development of the industrial Internet." Bao'an District Industry and Information Technology The bureau's second-level investigator Yang Hui told reporters that as a core part of the industrial Internet construction, a number of industrial Internet platform providers and service providers have emerged in Bao'an District, which can provide platform services, application software and solutions for the industrial Internet transformation.
Since the beginning of this year, a total of 17 enterprises in Bao'an District have entered the industrial Internet resource pool of Guangdong Province.
The processing of mechanical parts is the basis of industrial manufacturing.
With the advent of the digital economy era, customized production of multiple varieties and small batches has gradually become the development trend of the global manufacturing industry, and the machining industry is facing tremendous changes.
“The characteristic of this industry is that more than 90% are small and medium-sized factories, and the level of factory informatization is low. Due to the wide variety of mechanical parts and components, they are basically non-standard products, which makes it difficult to improve the efficiency of factory-side production management in actual production. Chaos, difficulties in synergy between the upstream and downstream of the industry chain, and a large amount of production capacity is idle." said Tian Xuefeng, general manager of Shenzhen Sujia Technology Co., Ltd.
How to solve the industry's pain points?
Improving the synergy of the industrial chain is the key.
Tian Xuefeng told reporters that based on new technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, and the Internet of Things, Sujia Technology has launched an AI intelligent quotation algorithm for mechanical parts, which can quickly identify product drawings and quickly and accurately quote; on this basis, the company has also created a quick Add a cloud platform to connect the supply and demand ends of the industrial chain, integrate idle production capacity, improve equipment utilization, break information barriers in the industrial chain, promote production transparency, and provide one-stop on-demand manufacturing services.
The new crown pneumonia epidemic broke out in early 2020. Demanders such as smart infrared temperature detection equipment and mask machines for epidemic prevention and control have urgent equipment inventory due to factory shutdowns, damage to the supply chain, and outages of parts, and no orders are received by the factory. The situation is very urgent.
"After receiving the demand, we quickly issued an emergency notification of epidemic prevention and control materials through the SaaS information management system of the Sujia cloud platform, collected statistics on available production capacity, and called qualified factories to resume work." Tian Xuefeng said, because these equipment involve multiple There are so many parts and styles that it is impossible to complete all production in a single factory.
And through the order capacity intelligent matching system of the Sujia Cloud platform, these parts can be allocated to the appropriate processing plant for production in the shortest time, and the processing status of the parts can be tracked in real time through the production visualization system, and the order can be dynamically adjusted.
In the end, it only took 5 days for the intelligent infrared body temperature detection equipment to be delivered from the demand docking. The 100 sets of fully automatic one-to-two flat mask machines with a total of more than 60,000 parts were delivered in only 12 days.
"Because of the excessive number of intermediate links from manufacturing to market circulation, the actual market pricing of goods has a higher price multiplier than the factory cost. At the same time, most of the traditional factories still use the "production-based sales" model to organize production. And sales, so that there will be long-term inventory and capital pressure." Li Qin, founder of Yungong Industrial Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd., said that the company has built a cloud factory online manufacturing service platform for this purpose, with a view to empowering the digitalization of manufacturing.
Li Qin introduced that on the cloud factory platform, buyers can post purchase requirements online, find factories for factory inspections, place quotations, and view production progress; manufacturing suppliers can acquire customers online, receive quotations, and link devices to the cloud.
Today, tens of thousands of manufacturers have settled in the cloud factory, and more than 200,000 purchasers release their purchasing requirements through the cloud factory every day.
In the first half of 2021, the platform matched purchases of more than 10 billion yuan, an increase of 480% over the same period last year.
With the efforts of the government, platforms, and manufacturing companies in three dimensions, the construction of the industrial Internet in Bao'an District has achieved initial results.
A recent survey of industrial Internet application maturity of 300 industrial enterprises in Bao’an District shows that through industrial Internet transformation, enterprises have significantly reduced costs and increased efficiency in many aspects. Labor productivity, per capita profit rate, inventory turnover rate, etc. have been improved. The lead time and procurement cycle have been greatly shortened.
"Shenzhen's industrial economy is in a critical period of conversion between new and old kinetic energy. It needs to be led by the industrial Internet to promote the reform of production methods and seize the initiative in future economic development." said Wu Delin, secretary of the Party Committee of Harbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen) and professor of the School of Economics and Management, Bao'an District It has made beneficial explorations in the innovation and development of the industrial Internet, spawning a number of new technologies, new applications, and new business forms, providing strong support for the high-quality economic development.
In the future, Shenzhen should also focus on the deep integration and application of the industry, service system support, standard system construction, data security assurance, etc., improve the construction of the industrial Internet ecosystem, and promote economic development to achieve quality changes, efficiency changes, and power changes. The Bay Area and Shenzhen have injected strong impetus into the construction of a pioneering demonstration zone of socialism with Chinese characteristics.Keywords: