In the first half of the year, the national port foreign trade cargo throughput reached 2,357.2 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 9.2%

Ports are booming in foreign trade (see highlights in mid-year ④)

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  The increase in freight, the expansion of routes, and the continuous improvement of trade quality... In the first half of this year, the foreign trade cargo throughput of ports nationwide increased by 9.2% year-on-year.

Ports and customs in many places have launched a series of measures to reduce costs and increase efficiency, revitalizing shipping resources, improving the efficiency of foreign trade, and providing support for the sustained and stable growth of foreign trade.

  The ocean-going ships ride the waves, the containers are lined up, the shore cranes are busy lifting and unloading, and the trailers shuttle back and forth between the yard and docks... Foreign trade development, logistics first, as an important water and land transportation hub, foreign trade cargo import and export distribution center, port construction plays a decisive role.

  In the first half of this year, the national port foreign trade cargo throughput reached 2357.2 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 9.2%, and the completed container throughput was 138.18 million TEUs, a year-on-year increase of 15.0%.

  Busy freight increase route widening operation

  On July 23, the 300-meter-long "Machino" vessel was being loaded and unloaded in an orderly manner in Area 80 of the third phase of the container terminal in the Qianwan Port Area of ​​Qingdao Port, Shandong Port.

"Since the beginning of this year, foreign trade exports have been strong, and strong overseas demand has brought strong support to the maritime market. Our freight forwarding volume has shown a double-digit growth." said Manager Wang of Qingdao Jinhan Shenghang International Logistics Co., Ltd., who is coordinating direct transportation by vehicles and ships.

  Not far away, Zhang Junzheng, deputy general manager of Qingdao Port Qianwan Container Terminal Company, and his colleagues studied how to further improve the efficiency of ship operations.

"Only today, our company has 21 container ships operating in the port." Zhang Jun told reporters that in the first half of the year, Qianwan Container Terminals opened 15 new routes, including the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP). And there are 10 routes to countries and regions along the “Belt and Road”.

  Not only has the freight volume increased and the routes expanded, but the quality of trade has also improved.

  On July 17, the fishing oil terminal outside Zhoushan Port of Ningbo was busy.

The Panamanian "Yuanming Lake" ship docked at the wharf and unloaded 272,000 tons of crude oil.

This batch of crude oil will be sent to Zhejiang Petrochemical Co., Ltd. as a raw material to refine refined oil and other chemicals.

On July 21, the Korean oil tanker "Asia Steamship", carrying 2,000 tons of butadiene, left the Zhoushan Zhejiang Petrochemical Oil and Liquid Chemical Terminal.

At the same time, the Liberian "Sunrise" tanker is waiting to enter the port and plans to load 57,000 tons of gasoline.

  Customs statistics show that in the first half of this year, Ningbo Zhoushan Port declared import of 25.276 million tons of crude oil, an increase of 6.5% year-on-year; declared export of 5.131 million tons of refined oil, an increase of 117.1% year-on-year, and both the import and export value reached record highs.

  In 2020, the State Council approved the "Several Measures to Support the Opening and Development of the Oil and Gas Industry Chain in the China (Zhejiang) Pilot Free Trade Zone".

As an important support for the Zhoushan area of ​​the Zhejiang Pilot Free Trade Zone to build the entire oil industry chain, the first phase of the Zhejiang Petrochemical Refining and Chemical Integration Project was successfully put into operation at the end of 2019, and the annual production capacity can reach 40 million tons after it is completed.

Taking advantage of the convenient transportation conditions of Ningbo Zhoushan Port, Zhejiang Petrochemical is accelerating the expansion of the international market and promoting the export of refined oil.

  The "Predictive Report on Global Top 20 Container Ports in 2021" recently released by the Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Center for Forecasting Research shows that in 2021, the growth rate of container throughput in China's ports will increase to a large extent, and the demand for container transportation services in most ports is increasing.

According to the calculation results of the model, 9 of the world's top 20 container ports are from China, and the development of China's container transportation is still the center of gravity and foundation for the stable development of the world.

  Process reduction, fast customs clearance, excellent service

  On July 14, 130 containers with refrigerators, ovens and other appliances were loaded at the Beijiao Wharf in Shunde, Foshan, Guangdong. After customs clearance procedures were completed in the "Bay Area One Port" model, they were transported to Nansha Port by inland river barge. , Was directly loaded on an international container ship, and immediately sent to the destination country after completing the terminal operation at Nansha Port.

  Liang Zhangcheng, Deputy Chief of the Comprehensive Business Section of Nansha Customs, introduced that under the “Bay Area One Port Link” model, import and export goods only need to go through customs clearance procedures at the nearest inland port of the Pearl River, and when they arrive at Nansha Port for transshipment, they can realize non-stop circulation throughout the year. And all-weather direct installation, no need to wait for the port terminal schedule.

  At present, the “Bay Area One Port” model has been promoted and applied in 10 inland wharfs in 5 cities including Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhaoqing, Yunfu, Zhongshan, and ports along the river in different regions and customs areas through sharing port codes with Nansha Hub Port , Realizing the free allocation of import and export goods between ports, effectively revitalizing shipping resources, and reducing enterprise logistics costs.

  To smooth the customs clearance process and shorten the customs clearance time, some places are actively exploring the construction of smart ports to further optimize the business environment at ports.

In the Qinzhou Port Area of ​​Beibu Gulf Port in Guangxi, the customs and port authorities launched the Smart Eye Intelligent Control System to realize the visualization of information in the container operation area, promote the implementation of reform measures such as "automatic entry of tally data", and continuously improve the facilitation level of manifest transmission.

  "Previously, export declarations required on-site delivery. Now sitting in the office, you can submit customs declaration information remotely with a single click of the mouse. The entire operation can be completed through the Guangxi International Trade Single Window, which is convenient and fast." Xinyi Glass (Guangxi) Co., Ltd. Said Lu Jinhong, a customs broker of the customs brokerage company.

In order to reduce the cost of export logistics, Qinzhou Port Customs guides enterprises to fully apply the Beibu Gulf "Wisdom Bay" system and other applications for export declarations, reducing the logistics turnaround time between the company's factory area and the port to within one working day.

  According to Wang Xilong, Commissioner of Qinzhou Port Customs, on the basis of deepening the reform of national customs clearance integration, Qinzhou Port has implemented facilitation measures such as advance declaration, two-step declaration, and two-stage access to realize the "one container to the end" link of container ports in the new western land-sea channel. ""Arrival in Hong Kong directly."

From January to June this year, the overall customs clearance time for Qinzhou port and shore imports was 16.88 hours, a decrease of 19.91% over the entire year of last year.

  Strong foreign demand policy, good prospects

  Since the beginning of this year, the global economy has continued to recover, driving an increase in external demand and providing strong support for the steady growth of my country's foreign trade.

In the first half of the year, the total value of my country's import and export of goods trade was 18.07 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 27.1%.

However, due to factors such as the new crown pneumonia epidemic, global transportation capacity is tight, shipping prices have soared, containers are difficult to find, and the supply of space for ships is insufficient. The reduced efficiency of shipping has brought challenges to foreign trade companies' exports.

  To alleviate difficulties and unblock maritime logistics, various localities have launched a series of policy combinations.

In Shenzhen, the customs united with relevant departments of transportation and maritime affairs to guide terminal companies and shipping companies to strengthen capacity organization, promote the “cloud storage and container lifting” model, and improve the efficiency of container turnover; give full play to the combination of Huiyan Port and Shekou-Shunde New Port/ Beijiao combines the advantages of port and sea-rail combined transportation to speed up the transfer of containers between ports.

At present, all 20 berths of Yantian Port have been put into operation, achieving an average daily throughput of 31,000 TEUs, and 108 international shipping lines are operating smoothly.

Increase the number of ships, build new international transit channels, and support the operation of empty containers "release on arrival, direct pickup at the side of the ship". Shandong Port Qingdao Port will coordinate the shipping capacity layout of the route to ensure the smooth operation of the international logistics supply chain.

  At present, my country's port throughput and shipping fleet size are among the top in the world, and it is an important water transport country in the world.

To give full play to the important role of shipping in foreign trade and stabilize the international logistics supply chain system, port development is of vital importance.

The "National Comprehensive Three-dimensional Transportation Network Planning Outline" issued in February this year pointed out that it is necessary to promote the construction of a number of international hub ports and national hub ports.

  "We will strengthen communication and coordination with port departments, make precise dispatch, optimize and fulfill the ship berthing and unberthing plan, and take multiple measures to promote the better development of Beibu Gulf Port." said Liu Xingchi, director of the General Dispatching Office of Beibu Gulf Port Qinzhou Wharf Co., Ltd. With the continuous emergence of policy advantages and the accelerated construction of software and hardware facilities, the future Beibu Gulf Port multimodal transport system will be more complete, and will give full play to the role of a bridge connecting the domestic and international markets, and drive high-quality development along the new western land-sea corridor.

  "In the future, we will conscientiously implement the deployment requirements such as the outline for building a strong transportation country and the outline for the national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network plan, and promote the high-quality development of water transportation." Yi Jiyong, head of the Water Transport Bureau of the Ministry of Transport, said that we must accelerate the construction of a modern shipping fleet. Improve the global shipping service network, enhance the transportation capacity of key materials and the resilience of container transportation; enhance comprehensive port services, extend the industrial chain of port logistics, and promote the integrated development of port-industry-city.

  Layout design: Wang Zheping

  Our reporter Luo Shanshan, Li Zong, Xiao Jiaxin

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