◆ On January 2019, 1, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the People's Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, stressed during his inspection of the Beijing sub-center that the construction of the Beijing sub-center should adhere to planning first and quality first. It is necessary to integrate public buildings with landscape and nature, scientifically layout production, living and ecological spaces, and make work, residence, leisure, transportation, education, medical care, etc. organically connected, convenient and fast. It is necessary to implement and implement the plan well, turn the blueprint into a real scene, and make Beijing's sub-center another beautiful city business card of this thousand-year-old capital.
◆ In November 2021, the State Council issued the Opinions on Supporting the High-quality Development of Beijing's Sub-center, giving greater autonomy to the high-quality development of Beijing's sub-center.
◆ Beijing supports the construction of Beijing's sub-center with the strength of the whole city, deeply undertakes the dredging of non-capital functions in the central urban area, anchors high-end industries to promote innovation and collaboration, creates a livable city with "blue and green intertwining, water city integration", and revitalizes the canal culture and leaves urban memory.
◆ In the past four years since the work unit moved to Tongzhou, Baiyang has felt the most convenience - the new office area is only across the road from the Beijing Municipal Planning and Natural Resources Commission; It takes about ten minutes to walk to the Municipal Development and Reform Commission, the Municipal Housing and Construction Commission and other units.
◆ Since 2016, Beijing has invested 117.124 billion yuan in the evacuation and construction of municipal medical resources to the sub-center of the city, with an additional construction area of 9.5800 million square meters and <>,<> beds.
◆ Digital economy, modern finance, advanced manufacturing, business services, cultural tourism and modern seed industry are the six major industries that Beijing's sub-center focuses on developing.
◆ From March to April every year, more than 3,4 fish fry such as silver carp and bighead carp jump alive and fall into the North Canal to inhabit and breed. In recent years, the sub-center of Beijing has built an "underwater forest" in the river, forming a complete and stable ecosystem by building a submerged vegetation system, aquatic animal systems such as fish and shellfish, and aquatic microflora.
Wen | "Outlook" Newsweek reporter Tu Ming, Zhang Xiao, Xia Zilin
More than 30 kilometers east of Tiananmen Square, in the core area of Beijing's sub-center, the largest and longest urban underground highway tunnel under construction in China is boring day and night. After the 9.2-kilometer section of the East Sixth Ring Road enters the ground, the "broken road" and planned road on the ground such as Luyuan Second Street will be opened up one after another, leaving space for urban development and continuing its vitality.
Looking east, between the sub-center of Beijing and Dachang County, Langfang City, Hebei Province, a bridge has started construction simultaneously in Beijing and Hebei, about to cross the banks of the Chaobai River to achieve a "handshake". It is expected that when the bridge opens to traffic in 2024, the driving time from Dachang to the core area of Beijing's sub-center will be shortened by half an hour.
The planning and construction of Beijing's sub-center and the formation of new wings of Beijing with Hebei Xiong'an New Area are major decisions and deployments made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core.
On January 2019, 1, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the People's Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, stressed during his inspection tour of the Beijing sub-center that the construction of the Beijing sub-center should adhere to planning first and quality first. It is necessary to integrate public buildings with landscape and nature, scientifically layout production, living and ecological spaces, and make work, residence, leisure, transportation, education, medical care, etc. organically connected, convenient and fast. It is necessary to implement and implement the plan well, turn the blueprint into a real scene, and make Beijing's sub-center another beautiful city business card of this thousand-year-old capital.
Since the 2016th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council have successively approved the Beijing Urban Master Plan (2035-2016) and the Detailed Controlled Plan for Beijing's Sub-center (Block Level) (2035-2021), formulating a general program and drawing a general blueprint for the development of Beijing's sub-center. In November 11, the State Council issued the Opinions on Supporting the High-quality Development of Beijing's Sub-urban Center (hereinafter referred to as the Opinions), giving greater autonomy to the high-quality development of Beijing's sub-center.
Beijing supports the construction of Beijing's sub-center, which deeply undertakes the dredging of non-capital functions in the central urban area, anchors high-end industries to promote innovation and collaboration, creates a livable city with "blue and green intertwining and water city integration", and revitalizes the canal culture and leaves urban memory. Tongzhou District of Beijing has accelerated its rise to become a "city of the future" built in accordance with world vision, international standards, Chinese characteristics and high-point positioning.
Since 2020, Beijing's sub-center has maintained an investment scale of 3 billion yuan for three consecutive years, and Jian'an investment has ranked first in the city for four consecutive years, and urban development has moved from "laying the foundation, making up for shortcomings, and opening up the urban framework in an orderly manner" to "establishing long-term, strong functions, and comprehensively ascending the ladder".
In-depth undertaking of functional relief
Starting from the staff swing room of Langqingyuan Garden, Luyuan Street, Tongzhou District, Bai Yang, a cadre of the Budget Department of the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Finance, took the special 203 bus and arrived at the administrative office area in only ten minutes.
In the four years since his work moved to Tongzhou, Baiyang has felt the convenience the most - the new office area is only across the road from the Beijing Municipal Planning and Natural Resources Commission; It takes about ten minutes to walk to the Municipal Development and Reform Commission, the Municipal Housing and Construction Commission and other units. Communication and collaboration are more convenient.
Easing non-capital functions and effectively controlling Beijing's "big city disease" is the essence of drawing the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei coordinated development strategy, and it is also the original intention of planning and building Beijing's sub-center. In the past 9 years of coordinated development, observing the development results of this "city of the future" and orderly undertaking non-capital functions is a window.
With the deputy auxiliary master, the main and deputy prosper. In January 2019, the Beijing Municipal Party Committee, Municipal Government, People's Congress and CPPCC, 1 city-level departments, 35 units, and about 165,1 civil servants moved into the sub-center of Beijing.
The relocation of Beijing's municipal organs to the sub-center of Beijing is a historical choice to deeply implement the strategic positioning of the capital city, and it sends a clear signal that Beijing resolutely relieves non-capital functions.
A set of data shows the phased results of population undertaking - the results of the seventh national census in 2020 show that the permanent population of Tongzhou District is about 184.10 million, an increase of more than 65,2016 people over the sixth national census 45 years ago. Among them, since the establishment of the function of the sub-center of the city in 65, the permanent population of Tongzhou District has increased by more than 37,71 people. Of the 2,<> increase, <>,<> came from the central urban area and other districts, of which <>.<>% were employed.
"The second phase of the administrative office area of Beijing's sub-center has been unveiled. Beijing will start the second batch of relocation of municipal administrative organs in 2023. This will attract more people to work and start businesses in Beijing's sub-urban center, and better form a trend of 'co-prosperity with deputy auxiliary master, main and deputy master'. Hu Jiulong, member of the Party Working Committee and deputy director of the Management Committee of the Beijing Deputy Center of the City, said.
Industry is relieved, people gather and prosper. In Zhangjiawan Design Town, Tongzhou District, project opportunities are one after another. Guo Shaoshan, vice president of Beijing Future Design Institute, who settled here, believes that the new urban sub-center of Beijing is not only the appearance of the city, but also the development concept and management mechanism, "which is the key to nurturing new opportunities for development." ”
In December 2022, the new headquarters of Beijing Construction Institute, where Guo Shaoshan is located, began construction in Tongzhou, and the first batch of new headquarters of six first-class enterprises in Beijing, including Beitou Group and BTG Group, which were relocated from the central area of Beijing to the sub-center office, began construction in full swing.
Behind the acquisition of land and the start of construction in that year, the overall relocation of large enterprises is inseparable from policy support. According to the Opinions, state-owned enterprises and institutions that meet the development orientation of Beijing's sub-center are allowed to build or purchase office space when they are evacuated to Beijing's sub-center; Where the conditions for allocation are met, land may be supplied by way of allocation. Li Xialin, deputy director of the Development and Reform Bureau of the Party Working Committee of the Beijing Sub-center, said that this policy gives the Beijing sub-center greater autonomy in development and is very attractive for enterprises to settle down.
"Today, the number of enterprises moving from the central area of Beijing to the sub-center of Beijing is increasing every year, and the industrial carrying capacity of the sub-center of Beijing has been significantly enhanced." Hu Jiulong told reporters that the economic structure of Tongzhou District continues to transform, and the ratio of the tertiary industrial structure of Beijing's sub-center has been optimized from 2015.2:8.41:1.56 in 1 to 2021.1:1.37:2.61 in 7.
Service undertake, interconnection and sharing. "In the past, when I saw a doctor, I ran to Xiehe from afar, and I ran to the Lu River at a time, and it took a whole day at a time." In recent years, Wang Guiying, who lives in Yanjiao, Hebei, does not always have to run to the city to see a doctor. As Beijing's third-class medical resources are gradually released to the sub-center of Beijing, most of the new hospitals are new campuses, and experts in Beijing sit for consultation. "For us seniors, this is the greatest sense of gain." Wang Guiying said.
Yao Weilong, director of the Tongzhou District Development and Reform Commission, said that since 2016, Beijing has invested 117.124 billion yuan in the construction of municipal medical resources to the sub-center of the city, with an additional construction area of 9.5800 million square meters and <>,<> beds.
According to statistics from the National Development and Reform Commission, as of the end of January 2023, 1 Beijing medical institutions have carried out cooperation with the three northern counties in terms of technical assistance, remote diagnosis and treatment, and expert consultation, 39 municipal hospitals such as Beijing Chaoyang Hospital and Friendship Hospital have supported Yanda Hospital in Sanhe City to become a third-class general hospital, and 4 medical institutions above the second level in the three northern counties have achieved direct settlement for medical treatment in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei.
Anchor high-end innovation collaboration
In September 2022, the Beijing Green Exchange moved into the Canal Business District, the sub-center of Beijing. Wang Naixiang, chairman of the exchange, told reporters that according to the opinions, on the basis of undertaking the functions of a national carbon trading center such as voluntary emission reduction, the Beijing Green Exchange has a new mission - to upgrade to a national-level green exchange facing the world and build a green finance and sustainable finance center.
"In terms of upgrading the green financial system, Tongzhou District has been at the forefront of the country." Su Guobin, member of the Standing Committee of the Tongzhou District Party Committee and deputy mayor of Tongzhou District, told reporters that the Beijing Sub-center is one of the first pilot areas for climate investment and financing in the country, and is also a pilot area for forestry carbon sequestration, taking the lead in exploring the way in six aspects: green financial resource layout, development of green buildings, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei regional cooperation, climate investment and financing pilot, green industry services, green finance standards and information disclosure.
Digital economy, modern finance, advanced manufacturing, business services, cultural tourism and modern seed industry are the six major industries that Beijing's sub-center focuses on developing. Extending the chain, supplementing the chain, and strengthening the chain, we will fully promote the development and growth of the six major industrial clusters and gather into a trend, urging the pace of high-quality development of Beijing's sub-center.
In 2022, Beijing's sub-center handed over an excellent answer: GDP of 1253.4 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 2.8%, exceeding 10 billion yuan for two consecutive years; Investment in fixed assets exceeded <> billion yuan for three consecutive years; For the first time in history, the three important indicators of added value of the financial industry, tax revenue and local-level contribution all accounted for more than <>%.
Focus on new tracks and expand into new fields. In May 2022, the Beijing Municipal Financial Bureau and the Beijing Municipal "One and Two Bureaus" jointly issued the version 5.2 measure of "Promoting the Construction of Beijing Global Wealth Management Center" to systematically support Beijing Sub-Center to build a new highland of global wealth management.
Tongzhou District has formulated an implementation plan to provide one-time financial support of up to 6000 million yuan for district-level start-up costs for licensed financial institutions, high-quality wealth management institutions and key financial technology enterprises, and up to 3000 million yuan for rent, purchase and self-built houses within three years.
Today, with the Millennium Lantern Buddha Stupa as the background, the canal business district with a planned area of 20.38 square kilometers has emerged. Focusing on the high-end business service industry, the Canal Business District focuses on cultivating and developing financial services and headquarters economy, and has formed an industrial function positioning that builds a global wealth management center, a Beijing green finance international center, and an important bearing area of financial technology innovation center, and has achieved remarkable results in industrial development.
Develop a "service package" and attract a "phoenix". In 2021, as a leading artificial intelligence language service enterprise in China, Chuanshen United (Beijing) Information Technology Co., Ltd. settled in the Canal Business District. "Enterprises have been facilitated in applying for indicators for settling in Beijing, applying for work and residence permits for employees, health services, and entry-exit services." Fu Qiang, vice president of the enterprise, said.
There are 19672,4560 registered enterprises in the Canal Business Zone, with a registered capital of 48 billion yuan. Among them, there are 289 headquarters enterprises, 124 financial enterprises, 21 high-tech enterprises, 2 specialized and special new enterprises and <> listed enterprises... The data shows that providing full-chain policy support for enterprises is amplifying the effect of industrial agglomeration.
Radiating the three northern counties, the coordination is closer. In 2022, Wu Feng, general manager of Futai Xinneng (Beijing) Automobile Company, decided to lay out the first pure electric vehicle production base in the three northern counties. After the base is put into operation, it can produce 5000,<> pure electric commercial vehicles per year.
Tongzhou and the three northern counties are two places, one clothes with water, and the sound is connected. In March 2020, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) issued the "Coordinated Development Plan for Tongzhou District of Beijing and Sanhe, Dachang and Xianghe Counties and Cities in Hebei Province", which provides a "top-level design" to promote the coordinated development of Tongzhou and Beihe County from the national level.
Under the guidance of the National Development and Reform Commission, Beijing's suitable industries have accelerated the layout of the three northern counties, the interconnected transportation integration pattern has accelerated the formation, and the ecological co-governance and public service co-construction and sharing have been promoted in an orderly manner, effectively driving the industrial upgrading and soft power improvement of the three northern counties.
According to statistics, since 2019, Beijing and the three northern counties have held project promotion and negotiation meetings for four consecutive years, and more than 4 projects have been signed in total. The three northern counties extended their layout around key industries, cultivating and introducing 160 high-tech enterprises and 319,2973 technology-based small and medium-sized enterprises.
Blue and green intertwined, water city integration
Every weekend, Tongzhou citizen Wang Zhiguo often goes to the urban Green Heart Forest Park for leisure exercise. Take a lap on the fitness trail and his phone will show a chic star-shaped movement trajectory.
The Urban Green Heart Forest Park is the "one heart" in the green space pattern of "two belts, one ring and one heart" in the sub-center of Beijing. It was once home to Beijing's Dongfang Chemical Factory, scattered polluting enterprises and villages. Today, after replanning and ecological restoration, this industrial site has been transformed into an Internet celebrity park and urban forest integrating ecological restoration, citizen leisure and cultural inheritance, covering an area of 11.2 square kilometers.
In recent years, guided by the goal of "dual carbon", Beijing's sub-urban center has made every effort to fight the battle against pollution, greatly improved the ecological environment, and focused on improving the level of park management.
In 2022, the annual concentration of PM2.5 in Tongzhou District will be 33 micrograms per cubic meter, reaching the national level II for the first time, and the concentration of various pollutants will reach the best level since observation.
Leave white space to increase greenery and build a forest city. The Urban Green Heart Forest Park is the epitome of Beijing's sub-center with a thick ecological background. Through large-scale greening and large-density greening, Beijing's sub-center has effectively made up for the ecological shortcomings in the southeast of the capital.
In the past five years, Beijing's sub-urban center has launched a new round of afforestation projects of one million mu, planting more than 20,8 mu. It has built 32 forests of more than 375,<> mu, including the Eastern Suburbs Forest Park and Taihu Park, <> forest groups of more than <>,<> mu, and <> kilometers of the North Canal Greenway and the Yuntidal River Greenway.
In November 2022, Tongzhou District took the lead in successfully establishing a national forest city in the Beijing Plain. Hu Kecheng, director of the Tongzhou District Landscaping Bureau, said that by 11, Beijing's sub-center will form 2035 forest groups of more than 1,10 mu and more than 1000 forest groups of more than 50,<> mu, continuing to spread the green picture of the millennium city.
Water city integration to build an ecological city. On March 3th, the cruise ship sounded the whistle at the Grand Canal Caoyuan Transportation Terminal in Tongzhou District, and took a boat to drive on the blue waves of the canal, which was pleasant in the beautiful spring light.
At one time, about 90% of Beijing's urban drainage flowed into the Beijing section of the North Canal. Since the construction of Beijing's sub-urban center, pollution control, water replenishment, and greenery have been planted, and the water affairs department has played a "combined fist" of canal management: removing illegal construction and pollution in the river basin, adding sewage barriers at the sewage outlet to reduce pollutants entering the river... Water from upstream, rainwater, reclaimed water, and ecological replenishment make the canal flow.
The Beijing section of the North Canal is also an ecological corridor. From March to April every year, more than 3,4 fish fry, such as silver carp and bighead carp, jump alive and dump into the North Canal to roost and breed. In recent years, the sub-center of Beijing has built an "underwater forest" in the river, forming a complete and stable ecosystem by building a submerged vegetation system, aquatic animal systems such as fish and shellfish, and aquatic microflora.
Today, Beijing's sub-center is taking the North Canal, Chaobai River and Liangshui River as the main veins, building a water environment pattern of "three networks, four belts, multiple water surfaces, and multiple wetlands", focusing on creating a waterfront shoreline with beautiful shore scenery. Through the combination of shoreline cleaning and improvement and ecological protection, the waterfront is not only an important line of defense for flood prevention and control, but also carries the functions of life, ecology and landscape.
Synergy and joint protection to build an ecological oasis. In late spring, the Chaobai River is rippling, and several egrets chase and play on the water. On May 2021, 5, the Chaobai River, which has been interrupted for 29 years, achieved a year-round opening of the entire river in Beijing, with a total length of 22 kilometers, the groundwater level has risen significantly, and the ecological environment of the basin has been significantly improved.
Chaobai River is the boundary river between the three northern counties and Tongzhou District, and the two banks of the river are closely related. At present, Tongzhou District and the three northern counties have signed an agreement to strengthen the governance of the ecological environment in the border areas, and unified management and control in five aspects: regional air pollution prevention and control, watershed water environment restoration, soil pollution control, garbage disposal, and water resource utilization.
From a touch of green to a forest, an ecological corridor connecting Beijing's sub-center has gradually taken shape. On one side, Tongzhou District has built an ecological green belt in the east, which is connected to the original plain afforestation. On the other hand, the three northern counties have increased their greenery on the border with Tongzhou, and with the completion of a number of parks and the completion of grass and tree replanting, many Tongzhou residents are attracted to drive to enjoy the forest and foliage every autumn.
The beauty of the canal is both ancient and modern
"Looking at Tongzhou City from afar, what a big boat, a high-burning lighthouse, a big mast... Let's get on the boat! At the Yangwa Lock, located at the junction of Beijing and Hebei of the Grand Canal, a "canal trumpet" reproduces the scene of ancient canal transportation.
As ships from Tongzhou District and Xianghe County in Hebei Province sailed through the Yangwa Lock, the Grand Canal was opened to navigation between Beijing and Hebei in June 2022, and cruise ships on the North Canal traveled from south to north, bringing the Millennium Canal back to life.
Tongzhou has flourished in history because of canal transportation. In recent years, Tongzhou District has carefully protected the historical and cultural heritage of the Grand Canal, effectively inherited the Grand Canal culture, and rationally utilized the resources of the Grand Canal, making the Grand Canal through the city a unique cultural landscape in the sub-center of Beijing.
Ancient for modern use, revitalize the thousand-year-old canal culture. On September 2022, 9, in the North District of the Grand Canal Cultural Tourism Scenic Area of Beijing (Tongzhou), the Guochao Cultural Market opened as scheduled.
With the lighthouse and the surrounding ancient buildings as the background, the intangible cultural heritage market, Hanfu check-in, and entertainment interaction are splendid, and the revitalized canal culture has become a fashion trend, highlighting the historical and cultural charm of the harmonious integration of ancient and modern.
On the basis of protection, the canal has the confidence to "activate". Since 2018, Tongzhou District has actively built the Grand Canal Cultural Tourism Scenic Area, integrating attractions such as the Lighthouse and the Grand Canal Forest Park, and connecting the cultural resources of the Grand Canal such as Zhangjiawan Ancient Town, making the Grand Canal cultural tourism brand more prominent.
In recent years, the Grand Canal Cultural Tourism Scenic Area has actively created the only national 5A-level tourist attraction in Jingdong and carried out comprehensive upgrading and transformation of scenic facilities. Yang Lei, deputy mayor of Tongzhou District, Beijing, introduced that the infrastructure construction of scenic spots has been basically completed, the "first ring line, five areas" made a wonderful appearance, the Qianhe Lagoon Bridge was officially passed, the Qiankong Bridge and the surrounding area of Daguanglou were opened to the public, the overall style of "three temples and one tower" was improved, a number of cultural and tourism integration projects such as the North Canal Non-genetic Training Institute were completed and opened, and the creation of scenic spots entered the stage of sprint and victory.
Restore the ancient city and unblock the historical context. Follow Tongzhou Zhangcai Road all the way to Xiaotaihou River, and then head east to Tongyun Bridge and the ruins of Zhangjiawan City Wall. The car marks on the stone bridge deck of the Tongyun Bridge are a portrayal of the commercial prosperity of the Grand Canal.
In order to restore the grand scenery of Caoyun, the staff took great pains. "In order to repair the old stones on the south side of the bridge, we visited old stone markets all over the country to find stones, and cleaned and maintained the stone lions on both sides of the bridge to achieve the best results with minimal intervention." Lu Xin, the person in charge of the repair project, said.
Tongzhou has the ancient city of Luxian County, the ancient city of Tongzhou and the ancient town of Zhangjiawan, and through the overall protection and utilization, these historical and cultural resources are being transformed into cultural tourism resources. At present, brand activities such as Beijing International Design Week, Beijing Urban Architecture Biennale, and Beijing Fashion Week have all settled in Zhangjiawan Ancient Town, and a number of exhibition facilities that use old factory buildings to be renovated will be officially put into use this year.
The development of Beijing's sub-center is not only related to the time and situation of a place, but also full of people's expectations, coordinated missions, high expectations of the country, and historical tasks. Meng Jingwei, Executive Deputy Secretary of the Party Working Committee, Executive Deputy Director of the Management Committee and Secretary of the Tongzhou District Party Committee of Beijing Sub-Center, said that in 2023, Beijing Sub-Center will grasp the main line of high quality, and recharge its strength in ecology, people's livelihood protection, cultural tourism, canal business district, key engineering projects, etc., to promote development to a new level.
Stride into a new journey, stubble after stubble. Beijing's sub-center is turning from a blueprint to a reality.
Published in the 2023th issue of Outlook 14