None of us disagree on the accuracy of the composition and composition of the human body, even by looking at the smallest members, we will find a benefit and an active role in the general health of the body.

The smallest defect affecting the smallest part of the body is enough to leave an imprint that affects a vital function, movement, or balance.

Your body consists of 11 major systems, which were believed to have 78 members before the discovery of the 79th member of the digestive system!

All these organs and organs are not balanced except with the help of your inner ear canals. Who would have thought that the straightness of a person's gait and the balance of his movement is closely related to his ear!

(1) (2)

This is true, for the organs, including the organs they contain, form a chain network with each other inside the body, and the smallest defect in one device may infiltrate to damage the function of another. And speaking of the smallest organs that affect several functions in the body, we are in the same field talking about the thyroid gland. The small butterfly that is stationed in your neck in front of the trachea and is responsible for the secretion of the hormone thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which directly affects the disturbance of its function on: the heart, mental dullness, psychological problems, intestinal disorder, swelling in the neck, weak pulse, delaying pregnancy, and also affecting the Pregnant women and can cause the death of the fetus inside the womb. But the most common rumor about the thyroid gland is its association with weight, and this is true, but in descending order from most important to least, it seems that weight is the least important problem!

One link that should be highlighted more than the problem of weight is the problem of delayed pregnancy. There are effects related to the disruption of the secretion of thyroid hormones and pregnancy, and it also affects the pregnant and breastfeeding woman and the fetus in the womb of his mother. Hypothyroidism is the most prevalent among women in general, pregnant women or outside the pregnancy cycle, but is it possible that thyroid dysfunction is a clear cause of delayed pregnancy? Yes, the thyroid gland has an important role in regulating the menstrual cycle and the process of ovulation, and thus related to pregnancy. Any abnormality in the gland directly affects the regularity of the menstrual cycle or its delay, and thus the delay in pregnancy (3).

As for the hypothyroidism during pregnancy, if the pregnant woman is dependent on treatment;

There is no problem in continuing to take the treatment, especially during the first three months.

The fetus has a thyroid gland after its third month, and its total dependence on acquiring these hormones is from the mother.

If the mother suffers from a deficiency of these hormones - as a result of the inactivity of the gland - this then leads to a deficiency of this hormone also to the fetus, and this affects his mental strength in the future, and a decrease in the growth of his nervous system, and the occurrence of deformation in his bones, and the death of the fetus inside the womb sometimes!


As for the pregnant mother herself, the inactivity of the gland during pregnancy - without treatment - leads to:

  • Anemia.

  • Placental abruption.

  • Bleeding after childbirth.

Although thyroid disorders may affect middle-aged and elderly women, there are also possibilities for infants, among the signs that are clear on newborns: (5)

  • Long-term yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice).

  • A large, prominent tongue.

  • breathing difficulties.

  • An umbilical hernia.

  • Head circumference widening.

  • Cool limbs.

In continuation of the above, the nursing mother may wonder about the status of breastfeeding or even the safety of her milk on the child, since all the treatments that the mother takes are transmitted to the infant during the breastfeeding process.

The only and safe way to ensure the safety of adopting any medication while breastfeeding is to discuss this with your doctor. It is generally considered that drugs used to treat an underactive or overactive thyroid gland are not a problem and can be taken during breastfeeding when used as directed. Which may include some adjustments according to your particular situation.

Starting with the type of thyroid disease you have, the specific medications you can use, and ending with the recommended dose that does not affect the mother or the baby.

(6) (7) (8)

Thyroid problems are divided into three main problems: underactive, overactive, and enlarged thyroid glands. Each case is intuitively related to the amount of hormones secreted by the gland. Any deficiency or increase in the secretion of these hormones would affect several important axes in the human body. An underactive thyroid gland means that it does not secrete hormones at the normal rate the body needs. Of course, like any invisible disturbance that occurs inside the body, the body is trying to tell us about it from the outside. But it seems that detecting a thyroid problem may not be obvious at first, so periodic checkups are recommended even if the person does not suspect anything. And perhaps weight gain is the key to the person's suspicion about the thyroid gland, which prompts him to take all the tests, but in addition to that, you may feel:Fatigue, increased sensitivity to cold, constipation, dry skin, puffiness in the face, hoarseness, muscle weakness, high cholesterol, joint pain and stiffness, irregular menstruation, hair loss, slowed heart rate, depression, weakness memory. (9)

An underactive thyroid - or hypothyroidism - occurs due to several reasons. The most common cause is thyroiditis itself, an autoimmune condition in which the body makes antibodies that destroy parts of the thyroid gland. Lethargy can be due to surgical removal or as a side complication of some medicines that contain (amiodarone and lithium). Other causes of inactivity are pituitary gland problems, or iodine deficiency (affecting nearly two billion people around the world)! Also, some children are born with hypothyroidism, which is called congenital hypothyroidism. (10) (11)

In contrast to an underactive thyroid gland, its hyperactivity means that it secretes thyroxine at a higher rate than normal, and of course, the signs appear on the body such as: rapid and abnormal heart palpitations, high blood pressure rates, constant anger, high body temperature and persistent sweating Tremors in the hands, insomnia, increased appetite accompanied by significant weight loss, interrupted sleep, diarrhea, puffiness around the eyes with an increase in tears and sensitivity to light, osteoporosis and stopping of menstruation. (12)

There are various causes behind hyperthyroidism, the most common of which is Graves' disease, which is an immune system disorder that can affect anyone, but it is more common among women and before the age of forty. Another form of hyperthyroidism is called toxic nodular goiter or thyroid adenoma. It is an adenoma in which it constantly produces thyroid hormones even when they are not needed. Another possible cause of hyperthyroidism is a condition called thyroiditis. (13) (14)

It is a malformation in the thyroid gland that increases its size so that it appears on the neck, the swelling is not painful, but it causes other problems such as: difficulty swallowing, a feeling of swelling in the throat, and in extreme cases, it causes a change in the voice or paralysis of the vocal cords.

The main and most common cause of goiter was a low level of iodine in an individual's diet.

Where the United States recorded huge numbers of infection until table salt fortified with iodine became available on dining tables, which led to a decrease in infection rates!

(15) (16) (17)

It occurs due to the change or transformation of thyroid cells. The abnormal cells begin to multiply in the thyroid gland and when they reach a certain number, they form a tumor.

The good news is that if thyroid cancer is detected early, it is one of the most treatable cancers.

Thyroid cancer is divided into several types: (18) (19) (20) (21)

  • Papillary thyroid cancer:

    makes up 80% of cases of thyroid cancer, it often spreads to the nymph nodes in your neck.

    However, you have a good chance of a full recovery.

  • Follicular thyroid cancer: It

    makes up 10-15% of all thyroid cancers in the United States.

    It can spread to your lymph nodes and is also more likely to spread to your blood vessels.

  • Medullary thyroid cancer: It

    accounts for about 4% of all cases of thyroid cancer.

    It's more likely to be found at an early stage because it produces a hormone called calcitonin, which doctors monitor in the results of a blood test.

  • Spasmodic thyroid cancer

    is the most severe type, as it is aggressive in spreading to other parts of the body.

    It is rare and difficult to treat.



  • The Human Body

  • Scientists Say They've Discovered 'New' Organ in Human Body

  • Thyroid effect on pregnancy

  • The effect of the thyroid gland on the pregnant woman and the fetus

  • Congenital Hypothyroidism in Infants

  • How Your Thyroid Can Affect Milk Supply

  • Taking Thyroid Medication While Breastfeeding

  • Breastfeeding and Thyroid Problems: FAQ

  • Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)

  • Thyroid Diseases

  • Hypothyroidism: Overview, Causes, and Symptoms

  • previous source

  • Graves' disease

  • Graves' Disease

  • Thyroid Goiter: The Diagnosis and Treatment of Thyroid Goiters

  • Thyroid Goiter Treatments

  • Thyroid Gland Overview

  • Thyroid cancer

  • Thyroid Cancer Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatments

  • 2 Thyroid cancer

  • What Is Thyroid Cancer?

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