Childcare is one of the important sources of anxiety for young couples today.
Whether to trust, who to trust, how to trust, 1,000 families have 1,000 ideas.
But what they face together is one of the few options.
Can't you trust me? It's good to suit the needs
Can't you trust me?
It's good to suit the needs
The post-8090s are the "main force" of the current fertility army. They are engulfed by the "996" torrent, bustling around with stars and moon, and mocking themselves as "community animals".
However, no one wants to lose at the starting line. Many novice parents are already familiar with the words "1000 days early in life" and "early education".
Whether to send it to a childcare institution and how to choose a reliable childcare institution is the initial source of their childcare anxiety.
"Bringing preschool children is really a big trouble for office workers. It's too difficult." "In fact, many parents also want to bring their children by themselves, but they can't resist the financial pressure." "The main reason is that they don't worry about giving it to others at such a small amount."...On the Internet The views are diverse, but they have a clear common denominator: helplessness.
At present, the number of infants and children under 3 years old in my country exceeds 47 million.
How many of these are brought by parents or grandparents, and how many are given to others?
According to He Dan, director of the China Population and Development Research Center, the center's survey found that 30% of families with infants and young children aged 0 to 3 have childcare services.
According to the survey data of the National Health Commission, the enrollment rate of infants and children aged 0 to 3 in my country is only about 5%.
In October 2020, Zhejiang Province, in Taizhou, Jinhua and Lishui three cities, selected 36 infant and child care service institutions (facilities) under 3 years old and 365 parents of infants and young children under 3 years old for a questionnaire survey.
The results showed that 86.3% of the interviewed parents said that the main body of infant care is still family members. Among them, grandparents or grandparents take care of 44.7%, self or loved ones take care of 41.6%, and institutional care take up 19.2%.
When asked why they did not choose to go to a nursery school, they said that “there are parents and other family members, it’s not necessary” the highest proportion, accounting for 41.9%; “the cost is too high to bear”, “few institutions are difficult to find” and “the quality of institutions is not assured” is also Important factors considered by the interviewees.
It is good to bring the baby in person, but conditions often do not allow it in a fast-paced city.
Elderly people can help reduce stress, but it may be difficult to maintain scientific parenting.
Whether to trust or not to trust is inconclusive, it depends on the actual conditions and needs of each family.
Sakura (a pseudonym), an office worker born in the 1980s in Beijing, resolutely quit her stable job at the age of 37 because she wanted her children to be late and her work was not going well.
"I want to bring the baby myself, because I can't understand some of my mother's ways of bringing the baby."
After all, few people can quit their jobs and bring their babies.
For Ma Chengbo, a dual-employee in Jianggan District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, the kindergarten he chose for his children not only solves the problem of child care and pick-up, but also guides the children from self-care to play with children to enjoy playing with children. .
He and his wife also learned a lot of scientific parenting concepts and methods from the WeChat group of the kindergarten and regular free offline lectures.
Which option is better?
It's all pretty good.
The key is to allow people with childcare needs to have options that suit them.
To whom? Choose multiple quality first
Choose multiple quality first
If there is no one to bring your baby, which kind of childcare model would you choose: a childcare center in the business district, community-run centers, corporate welfare, kindergarten-run childcare, or family "neighbor care"?
A small polling survey involving more than 1,700 people showed that the largest number of kindergartens and community schools were chosen to run nursery schools, each accounting for 31%; the second was corporate welfare, accounting for 19%; the family’s “neighbor care” and the business district’s nursery were selected. Education centers accounted for 10% and 7% respectively.
People prefer traditional childcare institutions and "formal organizations", while family "neighbor care" and childcare centers in business circles are still somewhat non-mainstream.
However, the selection results are not particularly significant, and it is difficult to say which kind of childcare is more popular.
"The common people's needs for infant care services are very urgent, but there are some hesitations." Bao Xiaodong, deputy district mayor of Xiacheng District, Hangzhou, introduced that nearly 4,500 families in the district need childcare, accounting for 1/3 of the district; 94% of families hope that the cost of childcare will be controlled below 4000 yuan per month.
"But if parents are really allowed to choose a nursery school with more than 2,000 yuan, many parents will not be at ease."
People's choice of nursery institutions is becoming increasingly diversified, and subjective factors such as trust crisis, economic pressure, and different ideas, and objective factors such as service quality, determine how people choose.
Zhang Qunying, the mother of a child from Fengfeng in Fuyang District, Hangzhou, said that her family was opposed to sending Fengfeng to nursery school. At the beginning, she was very worried about the child's unsuitability.
Persevering and found that the professional guidance of this private nursery school teacher not only solved the headache of diaper quitting, but also alleviated the problem that Fengfeng did not dare to take the initiative to socialize by letting other children actively invite Fengfeng to participate in the game. His language expression is much fluent.
The kindergarten where Fengfeng is located is a public and private inclusive kindergarten institution, charging 3,500 yuan per month.
This shows that as long as the quality, safety, accessibility, and cost of childcare institutions are resolved, no matter what the surname is public or private, you can rest assured.
Remove "childcare" from the young people's anxiety list
Remove "childcare" from the young people's anxiety list
In 2019, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Development of Care Services for Infants and Children under 3 Years of Age", and this year has been called the "first year of childcare" in the industry.
Regarding this document, She Yu, a researcher at the Development Research Center of the State Council, believes that its core principles are "family fulfills the responsibility, the community is the support, the market does something, and the government plays a role."
"If listed companies with the purpose of making profits are mining gold in this field, it will definitely increase prices." He Dan believes that private nursery institutions are struggling to grow. During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the state should help them reduce costs and achieve Sustainable development can be achieved after inclusive prices.
Affected by the epidemic, some nursery institutions will not be able to open in 2020, and there will be no receipt of pellets.
The Xiacheng District of Hangzhou has issued a special support policy: "make up bricks" and give one-off construction subsidies to stimulate enthusiasm and increase confidence; "make up people" to encourage the development of inclusive and affordable charging models.
Communities and units are also an important support for the development of inclusive education.
"Hangzhou is building a diverse infant and child care service supply system, including community coordination, unit self-construction, kindergarten management, social development, and growth station type." said Chen Jianfen, director of Hangzhou Women and Children's Health Service Center.
Anhui Province, which ranks third in the country in terms of the number of childcare institutions registered, is also launching welfare childcare measures such as community public and private pilot projects with similar ideas.
Some counties and districts have also incorporated the funds for childcare work into their financial budgets, taking the form of awards instead of subsidies.
At the national level, various documents regulating the development of the childcare industry are being released one after another, and the top-level design is becoming clearer.
We expect that in 5 years, the issue of childcare will be taken off the anxiety list by young couples.
Source: "Ban Yue Tan Internal Edition" No. 3, 2021 Original title: "Relieving young people's childcare anxiety with inclusiveness"
Half a month to talk about reporters: Tian Xiaohang and Huang Xiao