China News Service, Beijing, July 9 (Lang Lang) On the 9th, the "Employment Blue Book" released in Beijing showed that the average monthly income of 2019 undergraduate graduates was 5,440 yuan, and the average monthly income of vocational graduates was 4,295 yuan. Judging from the monthly income of self-employment of university graduates in the past five years, the monthly income of self-employed people continues to be higher than the average level of graduates of the same period.
On July 4, Taiyuan, Shanxi, job seekers were looking for jobs in the venue. On the same day, the Taiyuan Talent Market held the first offline graduate recruitment fair this year. Many college graduates came to apply for jobs. China News Service reporter Wu Junjie photo
The monthly income of computer graduates is higher
This report is divided into undergraduate and vocational chapters, and is written by the Max Research Institute. The survey data is based on the results of the 2019 university graduates (national sample of 274,000) six months after graduation, 2016 university graduates (national sample of about 55,000) three years after graduation, and 2014 university graduates (national sample of about 43,000) Questionnaire.
The survey shows that the average monthly income of 2019 undergraduate graduates is 5,440 yuan, and the average monthly income of vocational graduates is 4,295 yuan. Excluding the impact of inflation, compared with 2015, the starting salary of undergraduates has increased by 23.6% in the past five years. The starting salary of vocational students increased by 15.7%. According to the report, compared with the income of urban residents, the monthly income of 2019 graduates is significantly higher than the monthly disposable income of urban residents in 2019 (3530 yuan).
From a professional point of view, the discipline with the highest monthly income for 2019 undergraduate graduates is engineering (5809 yuan), and the lowest is history (4592 yuan). The salaries of undergraduates majoring in computer science, electronic information, and automation are relatively high. The average monthly income in 2019 is 6,858 yuan, 6,145 yuan, and 5,899 yuan, respectively. Regardless of undergraduate or vocational education, the salaries of computer majors are higher.
Data Map: On June 18 this year, the Southern China Talent Market resumed to hold an on-site recruitment meeting photo by Cheng Jingwei
The income of self-employed people is higher than the average level of graduates of the same year
The survey shows that the proportion of self-employment of undergraduate graduates in 2019 is 1.6%, and that of vocational graduates is 3.4%. With the extension of graduation time, the proportion of graduates' self-employment continues to rise. The proportion of self-employed entrepreneurs within half a year of graduation for 2014 undergraduates was 2%, the proportion of self-employed entrepreneurs rose to 4.1% within three years of graduation, and to 4.8% within five years of graduation
In terms of income, judging from the monthly income of self-employment of university graduates in the past five years, the monthly income of self-employed people continues to be higher than the average level of graduates of the same period.
Taking undergraduates as an example, the monthly income of 2019 undergraduates of independent entrepreneurship reached 6257 yuan, 817 yuan higher than the average level of undergraduates (5440 yuan). Five years after graduation, the salary advantage of the entrepreneurial group has further expanded. The monthly income of the self-employed group has reached 16,328 yuan, 6487 yuan higher than the average level of undergraduate graduates (9841 yuan).
In terms of industry selection, "education" is the most important field of self-employment for college students in 2019 (undergraduate: 24.5%, higher vocational: 10.5%), focusing on education and vocational training, primary and secondary education, literature and art, design, sports, etc. aspect.
According to the report, the self-employment of graduates helps to create more employment opportunities, and the related fields represented by education and retail may be the first choice for graduates to start their own businesses because of the low threshold for entrepreneurship. (Finish)