A report by the British Financial Times reported that China has proposed to the United Nations to fundamentally change the way the Internet works to accommodate the great development of technology, she said.
The new engineering will allow the adoption of the latest technologies, but Western countries fear that this will increase the state’s control over Internet services.
In their report published by the Financial Times, writers Madhomita Morgia and Anna Gross said that new engineering would allow the adoption of the latest technologies, such as holograms and autonomous cars, but that, according to some critics, this tyranny would increase the engineering of the technology on which the web is based.
Huawei, in cooperation with state-run companies such as China Unicom, China Telecom and the country's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, proposed to the United Nations International Telecommunication Union a new standard for core network technology called the "New Internet Protocol".
The proposal raised concerns among Western countries, particularly the United Kingdom, Sweden and the United States, which believe that this system will create a division in the global Internet field, and will give the country that runs Internet service providers accurate control of citizens' use of the Internet.
While this proposal received the support of Russia and possibly Saudi Arabia, according to Western representatives in the International Telecommunication Union.
For his part, a British delegate to the International Telecommunication Union said that "there is a big battle going on in secret about the future of the Internet," noting that "the two competing visions are based on the freedom and openness of the Internet without government interference, while the subjection of the Internet to government censorship and directives is the basis of the vision the second".
|British delegate to the International Telecommunication Union says that there is a big battle going underground over the future of the (European) Internet|
Huawei confirmed that parts of the technology for the new network engineering are in progress, and it is working on it with the help of multiple countries and companies, but it will not mention the names of those involved. The Chinese company also said that some of these elements would be ready for testing by early 2021.
Huawei describes the current Internet infrastructure on which global networks known as the "Internet Protocols Package" are "unstable" and "largely insufficient" to meet the needs of the digital world by 2030, including self-driving cars, and the vast IoT Diffusion, and "real-time imaging".
Instead, the Chinese proposals indicate that the International Telecommunication Union should adopt a "long-term vision" and "bear the responsibility of a top-down design for the future Internet."
According to Huawei, the new Internet protocol is designed to meet the technical needs of a rapidly developing digital world without its design including any form of censorship. The Chinese company confirmed that it is leading a group in the International Telecommunication Union focusing on future network technology.
Oxford Informatics Labs will issue a research paper directed to NATO warning that the new Internet protocol will allow "imposing precise controls within the foundations of the network", and that the approach taken by China "will lead to more central control and control over the Internet, and perhaps even its users." , As well as the implications for security and human rights. "
According to experts, the standards adopted by the International Telecommunication Union are generally adopted by developing countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia, where the Chinese government agreed to provide them with infrastructure and monitoring technology within the framework of the "Belt and Road Initiative".
Huawei and other participating companies plan to standardize the new Internet protocol at a major conference of the International Telecommunication Union, to be held in India in November.
How is the new Internet protocol different?
The Internet architecture was designed half a century ago, and it works like a postal system. In order to solve the dilemma of sending information across the world, engineers divided the messages into small packages that can be transported through computers until they reach their destination, and each package is sealed with the computer address to be accessed, which reassembles them all in the correct order when received, and this procedure is called "transmission control protocol" ".
In a document obtained by the Financial Times, Huawei's engineers described how the Internet is increasingly divided into many separate networks, such as private communications and those broadcast by satellites. Moreover, the document says, "The interconnection of these networks is a challenge due to incompatible addressing mechanisms," while there is a need for a more effective addressing system for emerging technologies.
The new internet protocol will provide this feature, allowing devices within the same network to communicate directly with each other without the need to send information over the Internet.
The concern about the new IP stems from the extent to which governments or operators control IP addresses.
In this regard, critics said, the new protocol would require the network to have "tracking features" responsible for authenticating and authorizing new addresses that are added to the network and humans at the other end, and information packets that are sent across the web.
The two authors pointed out that Huawei also made it clear during the presentation to the International Telecommunication Union that the new Internet protocol will have a feature called a "shutdown command", where a central point in the network can effectively disconnect from or to a specific address, based on a source that was present At the conference. The source described this feature as a "radical departure" from the current network model, which acts as "the involuntary postman who delivers parcels to every location."