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International split on the crisis in Venezuela

2019-01-24T11:01:27.147Z



Venezuela's opposition leader, Juan Guido, has declared himself an acting president. While the United States and several Latin American countries have rushed to recognize him, other countries - like Russia and Turkey - have backed President Nicolas Maduro.

Guido, president of Venezuela's opposition-controlled parliament, declared himself the country's acting president on Tuesday, and the oath was made during a mass opposition rally in the capital Caracas.

The announcement sparked a new wave of violence in Venezuela and reports of 13 people were killed in Caracas. Meanwhile, pro-opposition and pro-Maduro rallies were heard, addressing supporters from the presidential palace balcony.

Here are the most prominent international positions on the Venezuelan crisis:

United States and Canada
President Donald Trump was quick to recognize the Venezuelan opposition as interim President, stressing that "all options are on the table" if the situation worsens more in this country.

After President Maduro announced the severing of ties with Washington and the expulsion of diplomats from Caracas, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo responded that his country did not recognize Maduro's decision to cut ties as he had no legitimate authority.

Canada has taken a similar position to the US position, and expressed it in a statement to the Lima Group, which includes several Latin American countries.

Latin America
Lima, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Paraguay and Peru have said they do not recognize the legitimacy of President Maduro's new presidential term, and called for new presidential elections.

France
French President Emmanuel Macaron said today that Europe supports the restoration of democracy in Venezuela.

European Union
The European Union fully supported the National Assembly (chaired by Juan Guadillo) as the democratically elected institution that needed to regain its authority and respect, and expressed its readiness to support the restoration of democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela.

He called on the Union to listen to the "voice" of the Venezuelan people, calling for free and credible elections.

Russia
The Russian Foreign Ministry on Thursday warned of a bloodbath and a catastrophic scenario if the United States intervened militarily in Venezuela.

Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova on Thursday criticized the positions of Western countries on the crisis in Venezuela, saying it showed "its position on international law."

The head of the International Relations Committee in the Duma said that what is happening in Venezuela is another imposition of American power and hegemony to get rid of unwanted regimes, he said.

Turkey
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan telephoned his Venezuelan counterpart and announced his support for him. "Our president has contacted and expressed Turkey's support for Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro," said Turkish presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalan in a tweet on Twitter. "My brother Maduro, stand up, we are by your side."

Turkish Foreign Minister Mouloud Gawishoglu warned earlier that an attempt to topple an elected president could lead to anarchy in Venezuela, expressing his hope for a peaceful solution to the crisis in the country.

Iran
Iran has declared its support for the Venezuelan government against illegal interference by the United States, she said. Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Bahram Qasimi said Iran supports the Venezuelan government and people in the face of any coup against the legitimate government there.

Cuba, Mexico and Bolivia
The three countries rejected the announcement of the President of the Venezuelan Parliament himself temporarily, and confirmed that she still recognized Maduro as president. Cuban President Miguel Diaz Canel confirmed his solidarity with Maduro in the face of what he called "imperialist attempts to distort his image and destabilize the Bolivarian revolution" while his foreign minister described what was going on with the coup attempt.

Bolivian President Evo Morales also accused Washington of instigating a coup and fighting among Venezuelans, while Mexico, controlled by left-wing President Andres Manuel Obrador, said it still recognized Maduro as president.

Source: aljazeera

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