Professor of Creed at the College of Sharia, Qatar University, Dr. Muhammad Ayyash Al-Kubaisi, considered the status of monotheism from Islam as the status of the soul from the body, and therefore it had a great impact on the Companions, as it caused a complete coup in them as soon as they uttered the testimony of monotheism, and their lives and actions differed completely after faith.

The Sheikh explained that the Qur'an has defined clear meanings of the phrase monotheism and set standards that many overlook, as it requires the uniqueness of God Almighty in creation and the king of the universe and the management of his affairs and the conduct of his affairs, and therefore he is entitled to worship and obedience, the owner has the right to order, rule and legislate, and the creature is ordered to surrender and docility.

The episode (2023/4/1) of the program "Sharia and Life" devoted its topic to the concept of the doctrine of monotheism among Muslims, ways to correct it, the importance of devotion to God and refutation of polytheistic manifestations in society.

The professor of faith indicates that monotheism is the basis of faith and Islam, as mentioned in the hadith of Jibril, peace be upon him, when he came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and asked him about things, including faith, Islam and charity, where the answer included considering monotheism as one of their pillars.

However, he stressed that the stability of monotheism for a Muslim is not enough for him to pronounce the two testimonies, as it requires discipline with behaviors, worship and behaviors, which emanate from his faith in the heart, pointing out that the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, did not leave the faith of the heart alone, but followed it by deciding the approach of Islam in worship, transactions and morals.

Dr. Al-Kubaisi points out that whenever Muslims are disciplined in their behavior today and their actions with these teachings, this is evidence of their attachment to monotheism and their correct understanding of it, and when a defect in behavior appears in any way, it means a defect in understanding the doctrine of monotheism, as sincere faith must emerge from it a good deed.

In this context, Sheikh Al-Kubaisi warned of the danger of heresy, even if it is spent for God, as it contradicts the uniqueness of God Almighty in legislation, as the Muslim slave does not have the right to practice worship that does not have a legislative origin, and is not mentioned in the Book of God or the Sunnah of His Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace.

Wrong perception and mixing

The guest of the program pointed out that there is a confusion among some between theology and belief, as some mistakenly think that understanding faith requires knowledge of theology and its investigations, which is not true, as the latter is concerned with defending religious beliefs with mental evidence in the face of skeptics who do not believe in them.

The professor of creed explained that this is not related to what the public is supposed to know, referring in this context to Imam Al-Ghazali's book "Al-Jaam Al-Awam from the Science of Speech", pointing out that what the average Muslim should rely on, in building his correct faith, is what is revealed in the Book of God and the Sunnah of his Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace.

He pointed out that the problems related to the science of faith and monotheism have changed with the change of time, for example, idols in their stone form are no longer present as in previous eras, but "new idols" have emerged in the form of gods that are worshiped from other than God, and the Qur'an has referred to them in the example of the Almighty, "Have you seen who has taken his god as his passion.."

But the Sheikh also explained that committing sin does not contradict or deny faith, unless one denies or mocks something stable and agreed upon by the creed and laws, so the perpetrator of the sin without disregarding it or disparaging and mocking the texts prohibiting it, is not equal to those who have forbidden it or underestimated its prohibition even if he does not commit it.

In addition to warning against polytheistic practices such as believing in benefiting the dead and making vows to them, Dr. Al-Kubaisi warned against other common practices, including being influenced by ideas contrary to Islam, and sanctifying rulers and elevating them to the ranks of prophets.

The professor of faith reserved the description of those who increase his worship and intensify himself in the Ramadan as "a slave of Ramadan" and that this contradicts sincerity, as he sees this as a defect in perception, as the month of Ramadan has its own specificity, as is the case with the Hajj season and asceticism, and therefore diligence in it is legitimate, but the description can be believed in those who avoid incest in Ramadan and then return to it and violate the sanctities of God after Ramadan.