The invalidations of fasting during the day Ramadan vary between eating and drinking deliberately, sexual intercourse, menstrual or postpartum blood, as well as vomiting deliberately, while scholars differed regarding cupping, and regardless of the details and differences, the intentionally breaking the fast must eliminate and expiate.

The fasting person refrains from eating, drinking and other things that break the fast during the day Ramadan in compliance with the command of God Almighty, and in order to achieve the piety mentioned by the Almighty in his saying: (It is written on you to fast as it was written on those before you, that you may be pious) (Al-Baqarah: 183).

Whoever breaks the fast before the sun sets, his fast is considered invalid, and entails sin and other rulings such as judgment or expiation, according to details in the branches mentioned by scholars and may differ in them.

3 Conditions for invalidating fasting

However, fasting is not invalidated unless three conditions are fulfilled in the fasting person: knowledge, remembrance and intention, in accordance with the words of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): "Allah has placed on behalf of my ummah the error and forgetfulness and what they were forced to do."

If a Muslim commits any of the things that break the fast unintentionally, or if he is coerced against him, or if he does it forgetting that he is fasting, then he is fasting and nothing is done on him, as the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Whoever forgets while fasting, eats or drinks, let him fast, for Allah has fed and watered him."

Just as the entry of food into the hollow invalidates the fast, so its exit from it deliberately - by vomiting - also invalidates it, and the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, differentiated between those who vomit deliberately and those who are overcome by vomiting and cannot hold it, peace be upon him said, "Whoever vomits, he does not have to spend, and whoever deliberately vomits, let him spend it" (his shield: overcome).

Imam Ahmad believes that cupping is one of the invalidators of fasting, but Shafi'i, Malik and Abu Hanifa believe that it does not invalidate fasting (Getty Images)

Ruling on having sexual intercourse during the day Ramadan

What the fasting person refrains from doing during the day Ramadan also sexual intercourse (sexual intercourse), as it invalidates the fast of both spouses, and they must spend this day that they have fasted, and expiation is obligatory by feeding sixty poor people or fasting for two consecutive months.

The authentic hadith books narrated that a man came to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said: "O Messenger of Allah, I perished, I fell on my wife while I was fasting." Peace be upon him commanded him to perform penance, so that he would free a neck (free a slave), fast for two consecutive months, or feed sixty poor people.

When the poor man apologized for being free and feeding and that he could not fast, the Prophet gave him a bowl full of dates and ordered him to give charity with it. The man mentioned that he was the poorest of the people of Medina, so he laughed and ordered him to feed his family dates.

Ruling on having sexual intercourse at night Ramadan

As for sexual intercourse on the night of Ramadan, it is permissible, and there is nothing in it because Allah, may He be exalted, says, "I will grant you the night of fasting to be the garment of your wives, for they are clothes for you and you are clothes for them" (Al-Baqarah: 187), and He described the couple as one of them as clothing for the other.

Does masturbation during the day Ramadan invalidate the fast?

Masturbation or ejaculation of semen by the person's choice, whether by masturbation or by touching lustfully and kissing, or by repeatedly looking with the intention of pleasure and stirring lust and ejaculation, all of this is one of the invalidations of fasting, which is the saying of the Shafi'is, Malikis, Hanbalis, and the general Hanafi, and in a saying according to the Hanafis that it does not break the fast because ejaculation was not by sexual intercourse.

Invalidators of fasting in men

Eating and drinking deliberately, having deliberate intercourse, entering something from an open outlet with the intention of breaking the fast, masturbation (masturbation), apostasy, vomiting deliberately, fainting throughout the day, and complete insanity.

Invalidators of fasting in women

Muslim women have special provisions in fasting, as it is not permissible for them to fast if they are menstruating or menstruating, and it was narrated - in a true hadith - from the Mother of the Believers Aisha saying about menstruating women in the era of the Prophet (peace be upon him) we were "ordered to spend fasting and not ordered to spend prayer."

Therefore, if a woman menstruates or becomes a woman, she breaks her fast as long as menstrual or postpartum blood comes out of her, and then spends those days later.

Is cupping one of the invalidators of fasting?

In the hadith that has been corrected by many scholars, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, "Break the fast for the pilgrim and the mahjum", and Imam Ahmad and many scholars – such as Ishaq bin Rahwayh and Ibn al-Mundhir – argued that cupping is one of the invalidators of fasting, while Imam Shafi'i, Imam Malik and Imam Abu Hanifa have argued that cupping does not invalidate fasting.

Ruling on fasting pregnant and lactating women in Ramadan

If a pregnant or breastfeeding woman fears harm from fasting, she breaks her fast and later spends like a sick person, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Allaah (SWT) has prescribed fasting for the traveler and the prayer part, and for a pregnant or breastfeeding woman to fast" (narrated by al-Tirmidhi).

If she fears for the child only and not for herself, she breaks her fast, spends and feeds for every day in need, as Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: "If a breastfeeding woman and a pregnant woman fear for their children, they will break their fast and be fed" (Narrated by Abu Dawood).

Smoking is one of the invalidators of fasting because the entry of anything, even smoke, into the hollow can lead to the spoiling of the fast (German)

Does backbiting and gossip ruin fasting?

Gossip and backbiting do not corrupt the fast, but they do detract from the reward of fasting and spoil the goals of fasting, which is to protect the tongue from backbiting and gossip.

Ruling on breaking the fast without an excuse

If a Muslim breaks the fast one day of Ramadan without a legitimate excuse, he must repent to Allah and ask for forgiveness because he has committed a great sin, and he must nevertheless spend what he broke his fast immediately after the end of the Ramadan, while the scholars differed on the obligation of expiation for him with the judiciary.

Ruling on breaking the fast with a legitimate excuse

As for the one who breaks the fast with a legitimate excuse that allows breaking the fast, he must eliminate inaction until the other Ramadan comes, but it is desirable for him to expedite the elimination so that nothing happens to him that prevents him from fasting again. It is not required to spend the Ramadan sequentially, but it is valid sequentially and sporadically.

Is smoking a contraindicator of fasting?

Smoking is one of the invalidators of fasting because the entry of anything, even smoke, into the hollow can lead to the spoiling of the fast. This applies to all forms and types of smoke, knowing that car exhaust and road dust do not lead to the corruption of fasting.

What is the ruling on using drops during the day Ramadan?

Drop: The four schools of thought agreed that a drop used in the nose, ear or eye can lead to the corruption of fasting, if it reaches the throat, but if its effect does not include the hollow, there is nothing wrong with using it during the day in the holy month.

What is the ruling on brushing teeth with toothpaste while fasting?

The first is for a Muslim to stay away from this during his fast, and if he wants to use it, he should use it at night, because if he uses it during the day, it may mix with an empty stomach and then the person swallows it and breaks the fast, and if he uses it during fasting, he may do so, provided that he is careful not to swallow anything from it.

Invalidators of volunteer fasting

The invalidators of voluntary fasting are the same as the invalidators of Ramadan fasting, and they were mentioned in the Qur'anic verse (Now start them and seek what Allah has written for you, eat and drink until you see the white thread of the black thread from dawn and then complete the fast until night) (Al-Baqarah: 184), and in the following mention of the invalidators of volunteer fasting:

Intention to break the fast: Whoever intends to break the fast and intends to do so, his fast will be corrupted, and this is the saying of the Hanbalis and Malikis, but according to the Shafi'is and Hanafis, he does not break the fast, because that is like if the worshiper intends to speak in prayer and does not speak, then his prayer is not corrupted.

  • Eating and drinking deliberately.
  • Intentional intercourse.
  • Intentional vomiting.
  • Masturbation.
  • Menstruation and puerperium.
  • Apostasy from Islam.
  • Snuff (tobacco flour that is placed inside the nose to inhale).

The four schools of thought agree that a nose, ear, or eye drop can ruin the fast if it reaches the throat (Getty Images)

Permissible excuses for mushrooms in Ramadan

Disease: It is permissible for the sick to break the fast in Ramadan for the Almighty to say: (If any of you is sick or on a journey, then several other days) (Al-Baqarah: 184). The disease with which the mushroom is licensed is the one that makes it difficult for its owner to fast because of it, or his health is damaged if he fasts.

If the sick person breaks his fast – and the disease is hoped to cure him – he must spend the days that he broke his fast when he was cured, for the Almighty says: (If any of you is sick or on a journey, then several other days) (Al-Baqarah: 184), that is, let him fast if he is acquitted for other days alternative to those that he broke his fast.

If the disease is incurable – whether it is a chronic disease, or if its owner is elderly and unable to fast continuously – the person who breaks the fast is fed 1125,<> grams of rice or the like of the most common food in his country of residence for every day he breaks his fast.

Travel: It is permissible for the traveler to break the fast in Ramadan, and he has the right to fast while traveling, provided that fasting is not difficult for him, and if it is difficult or harmful to him, then breaking the fast in his right is better than fasting, and he must eliminate it in all cases if his travel ends and the Ramadan has passed, for the Almighty to say: (If any of you is sick or on a journey, then several other days) (Al-Baqarah: 184).

A travel that is permissible for breaking the fast is one in which prayer is shortened, and it is required that it be a permissible travel, and if it is a travel for the purpose of committing a sin or a journey intended to circumvent the breaking of the fast, it is not permissible for its owner to break the fast.