He is Sheikh Khalil bin Ishaq, jurist, modernist and linguist of the people of Egypt, studied and studied, and struggled and fatwa, and even composed the title of Zia al-Din, and was known for his integrity, asceticism, accuracy of transmission and desperation in spreading science.
Born in Cairo, he was apprenticed by his father and other sheikhs, excelled in jurisprudence, language and hadith, and graduated from a number of scholars, as well as authored a group of books, the most famous of which is "Khalil's Mukhtasar fi al-Fiqh al-Maliki".
Birth and upbringing
He is the father of affection Khalil bin Ishaq bin Yaqoub bin Musa al-Kurdi al-Maliki, did not mention an exact date to rely on him refers to his birth, but he was born and raised in Cairo in the house of knowledge and Salah, his father was a Hanafi jurist, although his companionship with Ibn al-Hajib intensified him to the Malikis and affected his studies and orientation.
He was known since his childhood for diligence, perseverance, honesty, accuracy of transfer, rigor in achieving his scientific and guiding goals, and keenness to work with what he taught.
Study and training
Sheikh Ali studied his father and his private surroundings a preliminary study, then at the hands of his sheikh Al-Faqih Ibn Al-Hajib and the scholar Abdul Hadi Abdul Ghani language and fundamentals of religion, and sailed in Maliki jurisprudence by his Sheikh Al-Menoufi.
If his fame in jurisprudence overshadowed other aspects of his life, he has little imprint in language, origins and hadith, and he has a bright history of jihad.
Tasks performed by
He entered Alexandria at the beginning of the eighth century AH as a mujahid soldier and contributed to its liberation, and he continued to wear the uniform of a soldier until he died.
He studied in Alexandria and Cairo, and issued fatwas and authors until he taught jurisprudence, hadith and language at the Sheikhouniya School, the largest school in Egypt at the time, and was known as the Maliki teacher, and also made a pilgrimage and stayed in the Two Holy Mosques for a period studying their scholars.
Its scientific implications
His scientific effects are summarized in two things: the first is the number and type of scientists who graduated from his hands, and the other: what he left of the precious works, Sheikh Khalil produced a group of the finest scientists, such as Khalaf Al-Nahriri, Muhammad Al-Ghamari, Yusuf Al-Basati, Bahram, Al-Taj Al-Ishaqi and others.
Among the most important books he left are:
- Explanation of Alfiya bin Malik in grammar and morphology.
- Clarification on Ibn al-Hajib's summary, in which he summarized Ibn Abd al-Salam's explanation in 6 volumes, in which he attributed the sayings and clarified the problem, and added the original summary to the branch.
- A book on the virtues of Sheikh Al-Menoufi.
- Commentary on the Great Code of Imam Malik, but it is not completed.
- The drug of understanding in relation to translations and sciences, the origin of research methods, translations and documentation.
- Khalil's summary of Maliki jurisprudence, which is what he is famous for, and he was able to collect in it the famous doctrine of Imam Malik in a unique summary style in good tabulation, and superior in the accuracy of terminology, while collecting as many jurisprudential issues as possible under one rule, and put him a list of keys mentioned in his introduction that cannot be understood or taught without it.
This compendium has received unparalleled acceptance in large parts of the world, such as the Islamic West and Africa, to the extent that it has become the main, if not the only, reference to Maliki jurisprudence in it.
He has written many commentaries, as well as investigations, scrutinies, and deciphering of symbols and terminology.
Summary of Sheikh Khalil bin Ishaq (Al-Jazeera)
These explanations and investigations began since the appearance of the book until today, and exceeded 200 authors, the most prominent and oldest of which are the explanations of his students, including the scholar Bahram, on which he placed the three commentaries: small, middle and large.
Then it spread to the Islamic West with Ibn Marzouq al-Tilmisani, al-Hattab, al-Mawaq, al-Desouki, Ibn Ghazi and alish, so that the scholars of Shanaqta and Arwan in turn came and expanded it during the last four centuries in explanation, systems and scrutiny, and those who explained it included:
- The mark is the calligrapher's fabrication.
- The scholar Habib Allah ibn al-Qadi.
- The scholar Mohnad Bab bin Obaid.
- The scholar Muhammad bin Muhammad Salem.
Some of them organized it in full:
- The scholar Muhammad ibn al-Talaba al-Yaqoubi.
- The scholar Muhammad Mouloud bin Ahmed Fal.
- The scholar Muhammad Salem bin Abdul Wadood.
One of the works that was written for its revision and scrutiny is the book "Fath al-Yahweh al-Latif fi Takhrej Ma fi al-Mukhtasar min al-Mukhtasar min al-Da'eef" by Judge Talib ibn al-Wafi al-Arwani.
The opinions of scholars on Sheikh Khalil and his summary
Alhafiz bin Hajar Al-Asqalani says in it "He was a chaste and honest Chinese."
And Imam Ibn al-Qayyim says about him "Allah's kindness to the Malikis continued until a young man brought them out who collected their doctrine for them in papers that the man would take and come out, and he is the mayor of the doctrine today, and people memorize it as they memorize the Qur'an."
The scholar Ibn Ghazi said "He was busy with what he meant until it was said that he lived 20 years in Egypt without seeing the Nile."
Imam Nasir al-Din al-Laqani says in his appreciation and emulation, "We are Khalili people if we go astray."
And the scholar Al-Hattab says in the summary "Koriha did not allow his example and did not weave in his own way, but for excessive brevity he was almost considered a mystery."
And the scholar Ahmed Baba Al-Tanbakti says in it "God has accepted him from his time until now, so people worked on him east and west, until the situation in later times ended up being limited to him in the Maghreb and elsewhere."
Sheikh Khalil - may God have mercy on him - died in Rabi' al-Awwal in the year 776 AH, and the number of worshipers and mourners for his funeral was so striking that people almost fought directly on every episode of his burial and funeral ceremonies, because of the scientific and religious status he enjoyed in their hearts.