It seems that overnight, many friends around are discussing an artificial intelligence chat program called ChatGPT.
Some people use it to improvise poetry, some people try to use it to design novel outlines, and some programmers use it to solve work problems...According to the survey results quoted by many media, 89% of American college students are using ChatGPT to write homework-this data I am afraid It is an exaggeration, but at least it shows that the program has a significant advantage in answering questions.
AI chat programs are nothing new.
For example, many online platforms use artificial intelligence customer service.
However, the feelings that many artificial intelligence customer service brings to people are really hard to describe in words. Mechanical repetitive words, "polite" feedback without incremental information, etc., all make people "want to drop their phones."
The birth of ChatGPT and its "amazing" impression is not necessarily because it uses many breakthrough technologies, but because it collects more materials, so it can answer users' questions more "smartly".
In this regard, practitioners in some industries are not short of "skill anxiety".
Someone asked ChatGPT to write a current commentary, and it wrote a few hundred words eloquently. The user commented that "although it is not particularly brilliant, it is also quite satisfactory."
Some self-media operators tried to ask ChatGPT to analyze whether a domestic car brand can beat foreign competitors. As a result, the program output an analysis essay with opinions and brief discussion.
For the assignments of some university courses, ChatGPT can also "handle freely".
Its appearance makes people have to admit that artificial intelligence can not only answer "objective questions", but also answer some "subjective questions" in a decent way.
However, there is no need to think that ChatGPT is the "terminator" of certain industries.
At present, the machine's understanding of various problems is not a real "understanding", but a collation and induction based on massive materials.
For example, someone asked questions with the invented academic concept "mirror plasma gauge field", and found that artificial intelligence was pretending to understand "knowledge" without understanding.
When answering some social questions, although the artificial intelligence outputs articles that seem to have a complete structure, many answers are still "wrong with the lips of the donkey" or full of "correct and useless nonsense".
For repetitive and memory problems, artificial intelligence is indeed becoming more and more handy.
The reason why college students quickly "fall in love" with this program is because many assignments in college do not really test students' innovative ability, just repeat the ready-made theories in textbooks, plus some cases that can be found on the Internet. .
Artificial intelligence seems to be "smart", but in fact it is just an unconscious performance.
For example, compared with creating a novel or writing an original prose, artificial intelligence is more likely to become a "poet", because poetry is more abstract in form, and it is easier to imitate by combining different words; Smart painting, typing a few keywords, can output a painting with solid basic skills, but to be honest, these paintings are at best a substitute for the assembly line production of some "art factories".
Of course, that doesn't mean AI is useless for creative work.
Artificial intelligence scholar Wang Yonggang believes: "Whether it is AI dialogue, AI writing articles, or AI painting, the inherent uncertainty, divergence, and unconstrained characteristics of large-scale pre-training models can just become a good helper to inspire human inspiration." The inspiration of the AI does not fall from the sky, it is often "standing on the shoulders of giants", and the huge database behind artificial intelligence can play the role of a "giant", allowing creators to stand higher and see farther.
The more important significance of the advancement of artificial intelligence technology is to liberate people from repetitive mental work and focus on real creation.
Some college homework can be done with artificial intelligence. The question for college teachers is: Should the homework assigned in the future be more innovative?
A job that can be done by a machine is definitely not a good job.
The routines in the annual summary, monthly report, and weekly report can be easily handed over to artificial intelligence, which also shows that some tasks that take up a lot of time and energy of employees are just repetitive consumption.
In other words, the standard for testing whether a job is truly meaningful and effective in the future is whether it can be easily replaced by artificial intelligence.
Some people think that sooner or later, artificial intelligence will be able to replace most of the existing writing work of human beings.
If this judgment finally becomes a reality, it just shows that a lot of writing work is not the innovation of ideas, but just the accumulation of materials.
With the accumulation of materials, a chat program that is more "smart" and more "all-round" than ChatGPT will definitely be born in the near future.
In this regard, instead of worrying about "machines replacing labor", people should open their hearts and welcome the changes brought about by technological progress in work and life.
It is people who command the machines, not the machines themselves, and to make the "brain" of the machines better serve people, it is also inseparable from people's subjective feelings and innovations.
Human beings should spare more energy to focus on the innovation of ideas and concepts, and machines will be good "secretaries", and more far-reaching breakthroughs will surely be made in the fields of science and culture.
Source of Wang Zhong: China Youth Daily