, Nanjing, November 30th (Reporter Shen Ran) On the 30th, the Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre by the Japanese Invaders released a batch of newly collected historical materials.

Among them, several archival materials collected by Japanese friend Dadong Ren with important historical value clearly show the details of the Japanese invaders' "Ei No. 1644 Unit" stationed in Nanjing. It is known as Nanjing's "Unit 731" for its experiments with poisonous gas warfare.

The photos of the Japanese "Sei No. 1644 Unit" clearly show the bacteriological warfare unit also known as the "Tama Unit" stationed in Nanjing at that time.

Photo by Yang Bo

  According to the statistics of the museum, as of the end of November 2022, the memorial hall has newly collected and collected 453 pieces (sets) of cultural relics and historical materials this year.

Among them, 51 pieces (sets) of cultural relics and historical materials collected from Japan were collected by Hitoshi Ohto, a friend of the memorial hall, through various channels in Japan this year.

"It is of great historical value and research significance."

Experts believe that part of this batch of cultural relics and historical materials has never been seen before, which fills the gap and has important historical value and research significance.

Photo by Yang Bo

  Aide Lin, director of the Cultural Relics Department of the memorial hall, displayed several key archives on the spot, including: Arai Jun, a soldier of the Japanese Invasion Army, "Diary in the Battlefield", and the 11th Infantry Regiment of the Ninth Division of the Japanese Invasion Army. Squadron's "Diary in the Battle", photos related to the Japanese "No. 1644 Troop", "'Nanjing has fallen' educational drama cards for children", etc.

  Several photos of the Japanese "Sei No. 1644 Troop" clearly show the station of this bacterial warfare troop, also known as "Tama Troop", in Nanjing at that time—located in the former "Central Hospital" (now the General Hospital of the Eastern Theater Command) in Nanjing. old address.

According to historical data, it was declared to be the "Central China Epidemic Prevention and Water Supply Department" of the Japanese army, but it was actually an institution engaged in large-scale bacterial warfare and poison gas warfare research and experiments. It was as notorious as the "Unit 731" of the Japanese invaders.

According to incomplete statistics, in the past 17 years, the Japanese monk Dadong Ren has collected and handed over more than 4,500 documents and donated them to Nanjing free of charge.

Photo by Yang Bo

  "We can see photos of several Japanese military officers in front of the station, images of the first anniversary performance of the 'Tama Troop', and the most important four photos, which captured the troop's similar 'dress-up parade' held in Nanjing The screen clearly shows the sign with the words 'Rong No. 1644 Troop'." Meng Guoxiang, a professor at Nanjing Medical University who was commissioned by the Memorial Hall and participated in the research and appraisal of newly collected cultural relics and historical materials, told reporters, "Because the germ warfare test is extremely secretive, the later The Japanese army destroyed most of the related materials. There are very few physical materials of the "No. 1644 Troop" and even fewer photos. This group of photos is unprecedented, and it can be said to fill the gap in this area. It can be compared with the 1998 The skulls of the victims of the Japanese army's "No. 1644 Unit" bacteria test found in Nanjing confirm each other, allowing us to continue to deepen and refine our research on this period of history."

"Diary in the Battlefield" reflects the exact time and operation of the comfort stations established by the Japanese invaders in Nanjing.

Photo by Yang Bo

  In addition, the establishment and operation of the Nanjing Comfort Station are described in more detail in the newly collected "Diary in the Battlefield" of the Japanese invaders.

For example, Jun Arai, a soldier of the Japanese Invasion Army, wrote in his diary on January 1, 1938, "From today, a comfort station has been opened. 30 minutes per person, the fee is 150 yuan (1.5 yen) for non-commissioned officers, 100 cents (1 yen) for soldiers. It’s quite lively and always full.”

This batch of historical photos clearly shows a sign with the words "No. 1644 Troop".

Photo by Yang Bo

  "The 'comfort women' system is a large-scale crime of sexual violence committed by the Japanese army. It tramples on humanity and desecrates civilization. It is despised by the international community. The issue of 'comfort women' has become a question of whether Japan has enough sincerity and efforts to respond to the war. The aggressive nature of the Nanjing Comfort Station and the touchstone for the future, the "Diary in the Array" and other materials discovered this time are one of the strong evidences of this period of history." Meng Guoxiang said, "The understanding of the Nanjing Comfort Station mainly depends on the memories of the victims. Some Japanese archives and documents, as well as the results of Japanese researchers, this "Diary in the Battlefield" reflects the exact time and operation of the comfort station in Nanjing, which is a key to our understanding of the "comfort women" system implemented by the Japanese army in Nanjing Important information supplement."

  The donor of this batch of cultural relics is Dadong Ren, a Japanese Buddhist monk. Since 2005, in the past 17 years, he has collected and handed over more than 4,500 documents and donated them to Nanjing for free.