China News Service, Fuzhou, November 30th (Reporter Long Min) On the evening of November 29th, Beijing time, "Traditional Chinese tea-making techniques and related customs" was held in Rabat, Morocco. At the 17th regular session of the Committee, it passed the review and was included in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
The project includes the production techniques of Wuyi rock tea (Dahongpao) in Fujian Province, the production technique of Tieguanyin, the production technique of Fuding white tea, the production technique of Fuzhou jasmine tea, the production technique of Tanyang Gongfu tea, and the production technique of Zhangping Narcissus tea, etc. A national intangible cultural heritage representative project.
When the news came, people cheered in the tea town of Fujian.
Fujian's tea culture has a long history and profound heritage. It is the most important tea-producing province and the province with the most complete tea products in China, and it is also one of the birthplaces of Chinese tea culture.
Xia Liangyu, Secretary of the Party Committee of Ningde Normal University and a well-known researcher on tea culture, said in an interview with a reporter from Chinanews.com on the 30th that the success of the World Heritage application will help Chinese tea culture maintain integrity and innovate, and promote the inheritance and protection of the essence of craftsmanship and the rational use of technological processes. High-quality development of the tea industry.
Carry forward and inherit Chinese tea culture
China is the first country in the world to plant tea trees and make tea. Tea culture has been deeply integrated into the lives of Chinese people and has become an important carrier for inheriting Chinese culture.
Xia Liangyu pointed out that the traditional Chinese tea-making skills were formed in the long-term exploration of tea-making practice, which has a positive and extremely important impact on the development of the tea industry, poverty alleviation, rural revitalization, and the spread of tea civilization, both historically and today; The success of the legacy fully embodies the broad and profound traditional culture of the Chinese nation. It is the world sharing of the achievements of the protection of China's excellent cultural heritage and an important example of cultural self-confidence and cultural awareness.
Guan Xi, deputy dean of the School of Economics and Management of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University and an expert in the economic information post of the modern tea industry technology system in Fujian Province, believes that the success of the application for world heritage will help to deeply explore the uniqueness of the inner culture of tea in different regions and refine the general tradition of hand-made tea Unique skills, organically combining the regional unique culture and traditional handicraft skills of different teas, realize the in-depth development of tea culture connotation and the three-dimensional improvement of expression forms, and promote the extension and expansion of the tea industry chain through cultural empowerment of the tea industry, further Carry forward and spread the tea culture with a long history in China.
In recent years, Fujian Province has continuously strengthened the protection, inheritance and development of tea-related intangible cultural heritage, established a tea-related intangible cultural heritage protection system, and promoted the construction of a number of tea culture exhibition halls, inheritance bases, and training centers, etc. Facilities; organize the creation and arrangement of a number of tea culture-themed singing and dancing, folk art, drama and other cultural programs such as "Inviting Tea" and "Calling the Mountain", to publicize and promote tea culture, and continue to hold Anxi Tea Culture Tourism Festival and Wuyi Mountain Tea Culture Festival , Fuding White Tea Tea Festival and other activities, develop cultural and creative products, tourism experience projects, promote the integrated development of tea culture and tourism, and help rural revitalization.
Ruiquan Tea Culture Research Expo Park started construction on November 28.
Huang Shenghui, inheritor of Fujian Wuyi rock tea production techniques and chairman of Wuyishan Ruiquan Tea Industry Co., Ltd., pointed out that the expo park will be used for research on tea culture, tea technology, and tea industry, creating an exhibition center that integrates and promotes the inheritance of production techniques and the seeds of tea technology. It is an exchange center integrating gardens, traditional tools and cultural relics collections, modern workshops and tourism.
Mao Zhongwen, a young tea master in Wuyi Mountain, said that he will continue to inherit the tea-making skills and make a good cup of tea with ingenuity.
Help Fujian tea industry to break through the whole industry chain
In 2021, Fujian's tea output will reach 487,900 tons, a year-on-year increase of 5.7%, and the output value of the entire industrial chain will exceed 140 billion yuan. Many indicators such as tea output, per unit yield, penetration rate of tea tree varieties, and export growth rate will rank first in the country.
However, the mechanical equipment is not advanced enough, the deep processing of tea needs to be developed, the competitiveness of leading enterprises is not strong, the connotation of tea culture is not fully explored, and the conversion and application of tea scientific and technological achievements are low, etc., which also need to be resolved urgently.
Xia Liangyu said that the success of the World Heritage application has further consolidated the development of Fujian's tea industry cluster and achieved another breakthrough in the entire industry chain of Fujian's tea industry.
Guan Xi believes that it will help integrate the superior resources of the tea industry, strengthen the production and processing links of the tea industry chain, fully demonstrate the product category diversity and regional complementarity characteristics of the tea industry, and further consolidate and strengthen the dominant position of the tea industry; On the basis of protection, the traditional tea-making skills are further inherited, and by inserting the wings of science and technology into the traditional tea-making skills, the protection of traditional tea-making skills is integrated in the development of modern science and technology, and the integration of tradition and modernity is realized.
According to the plan, during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, Fujian will focus on creating a number of new highlights of Fujian tea culture, and by 2025, the total output value of the entire province's tea industry chain will exceed 200 billion yuan.
The success of the World Heritage application will promote the tea industry to "go to sea".
As the core area of the "21st Century Maritime Silk Road", Fujian Province has continued to carry out the "Fujian Tea Maritime Silk Road" activity using tea as a medium in recent years, and has established 12 Fujian Tea Culture Promotion Centers and 1 Fujian Tea Culture Exhibition overseas. Center to build more tea culture display windows and economic and trade cooperation bridges.
Statistics show that in 2021, Fujian Province's tea export volume will reach US$510 million, ranking first in the country.
Xia Liangyu also introduced that it will help the spread of Chinese tea culture around the world and promote the "going out" of the tea industry.