China News Service, Guangzhou, November 30th (Xu Qingqing and Deng Qianyuan) The reporter learned from Guangdong Lianshan Bijiashan Provincial Nature Reserve (hereinafter referred to as "Lianshan Bijiashan Reserve") on the 30th that the reserve confirmed the discovery of a new species of Species - Dense palmate toad.
Relevant scientific research results have been published in the international academic journal "Herpetozoa" (Chinese translation "Crawler").
According to reports, in May this year, when the staff of Bijiashan Reserve were monitoring the biodiversity of the core area of the reserve, they suddenly heard a slight sound of insects. At the place, Lin Shishi, an expert from Guangdong Environmental Protection Engineering Vocational College who participated in the monitoring project, immediately followed the sound. After searching all night, they finally found the real body of "Insect Singing"!
Surprisingly, the insect chirping turned out to be a "frog"!
From the observation of the basic signs, it belongs to the genus Palmitocarpus. In order to further confirm the species of this frog, the staff brought the living specimen back to the Foshan laboratory, and finally determined it to be a new species of the genus Palmitocarpus—Vertus verruca through morphological and molecular comparisons. Palm protruding toad.
Guangdong Lianshan Bijiashan Provincial Nature Reserve.
Photo by Bijiashan Provincial Nature Reserve, Lianshan, Guangdong
According to Lin Shishi, the appearance of palmitate palmatum is like a frog, its sound is like insects, it is small in size, the male head and body are 23.2–25.9 mm long, the skin on the back of the body is rough, with a large number of conical warts, the belly is milky white, with off-white and dark brown spots spot.
Because the color and pattern of the body are well integrated with the living environment, they are usually hidden very secretly, so it is difficult to find them even if they hear their calls.
Its living habits are similar to frogs, it is active at night and hides during the day.
According to the environmental monitoring and judgment of the surrounding environment where the palmate toad was found, they only live in well-preserved mountain forests and streams that have not been polluted and damaged. At present, they are only found in Bijiashan Provincial Nature Reserve, Lianshan, Guangdong.
It is reported that up to now, a total of 54 species of various protected plants have been recorded in Bijiashan Provincial Nature Reserve in Lianshan, including 22 species of national second-class protected plants; There are 6 species of first-class key protected animals, and 51 species of national second-class key protected animals.