China News Service, Guangzhou, September 22 (Reporter Cheng Jingwei) According to the news from the Guangzhou Forestry and Landscape Bureau on the 22nd, in recent years, Guangzhou's wetland protection and management work has achieved considerable development and remarkable results.

According to the preliminary results of the recent wetland resources background survey, the total area of ​​wetlands in Guangzhou is about 70,000 hectares.

  Wetlands are moisturizing Guangzhou, a thousand-year-old flower city, presenting a beautiful picture of harmonious coexistence between man and nature.

Guangzhou has established a wetland protection system with wetland parks as the main body and other forms of protection such as wetland protection areas, nature reserves, forest parks, aquatic germplasm resources reserves, and drinking water source reserves as supplements.

  Up to now, Guangzhou has built 25 wetland parks (including 2 national wetland parks), established 32 wetland protection communities, and built 89 nature reserves.

The city also promotes the construction of a classification and hierarchical management system for wetlands, and is actively promoting the declaration and identification of 1 internationally important wetland (Haizhu National Wetland Park) and 2 important wetlands in Guangdong Province (Huadu Lake National Wetland Park, Nansha Wetland).

  According to reports, in recent years, Guangzhou has adhered to the principle of giving priority to natural restoration and combining natural restoration with artificial restoration, promoting ecological restoration in key areas such as mangroves, wetland parks, and wetland protection communities, and using biological and physical measures to restore and reconstruct wetland ecology. system, the restoration area is 3800 hectares.

  For different types of wetlands, Guangzhou has explored and practiced wetland ecological restoration, summed up the ecological restoration plans of agricultural cultural relics, abandoned mines and coastal wetlands with Guangzhou characteristics, and provided domestic wetland protection and restoration plans that can be used for reference and promotion.

In recent years, Guangzhou wetland ecosystem functions have been continuously improved, and species diversity has been continuously enriched, becoming a model for wetland protection and restoration.

According to the latest monitoring data, there are currently 835 species of vascular plants and 1,208 species of animals, including 738 species of insects and 187 species of birds.

  Today, Guangzhou Nansha Wetland has become an important ecological corridor for the migration of migratory birds in the Greater Bay Area, and an ecological station on the migration route of migratory birds in the Pan-Pacific region of East Asia. Breast buntings come to the countryside of Zhucun in Zengcheng to spend the winter every year; otters, leopard cats, white pheasants and other wild animals appear in wetlands all over Guangzhou... These phenomena show that Guangzhou's ecological environment continues to improve.

  The reporter learned that Guangzhou is actively exploring ways to protect and restore wetlands and transforming ecological values. According to local conditions, one strategy for one place has been implemented. The artificial composite wetland of Haizhu Wetland, the mine lake of Huadu Lake, Nansha Coastal Wetland, Tianhe Daguan Wisdom Wetland and other wetlands have been implemented. Conservation construction and ecological restoration not only provide high-quality recreational and leisure ecological products for the general public, but also improve the level of business environment in the surrounding areas, blaze a new path for wetland management to serve urban development, and achieve a win-win situation between ecological protection and economic development.

  For example, after ecological restoration, Guangzhou Haizhu Wetland has become the "green heart" and "south lung" of Guangzhou city center, attracting a group of large enterprises to gather around the wetland, driving the transformation and upgrading of surrounding industries; The quarry has now become a national wetland park where egrets play and lush water and grass. It receives nearly 10 million people and tourists every year, and has truly become a green space shared by the public.