On September 16, Chongqing confirmed 1 imported case of monkeypox.

The case is an inbound person who transferred from abroad to Chongqing. During the centralized quarantine of the inbound personnel for the prevention and control of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic, symptoms such as rash were found. The laboratory test result was positive for monkeypox virus nucleic acid, and the state organized experts to diagnose a confirmed case of monkeypox. .

  What is monkeypox?

Is there a high risk of infection?

How to prevent it?

In this regard, Guangdong CDC issued relevant epidemic prevention reminders, and a reporter from the Yangcheng Evening News also interviewed relevant experts from the Eighth Hospital Affiliated to Guangzhou Medical University for answers.

Monkeypox is mainly spread through close contact

  As of September 14, a total of 59,147 confirmed cases of monkeypox have been reported in 103 countries (regions) around the world.

Guangdong disease control experts said that monkeypox is a disease caused by the monkeypox virus. The incubation period is 5-21 days, mostly 6-13 days. Symptoms include fever, severe headache, muscle pain and lymph nodes within a few days after infection. Swollen, ulcers in the mouth and rashes on other parts of the body about 1-3 days after the fever.

After 14-21 days of symptoms, patients usually resolve on their own.

  Monkeypox virus mainly invades the human body through mucous membranes and damaged skin, and can be infected by contact with respiratory secretions, lesion exudates, blood, and other body fluids of infected animals or humans, or by being bitten or scratched by infected animals.

It is mainly transmitted between people through close contact, and can also be transmitted through droplets during long-term close contact. Contact with virus-contaminated items may also be infected.

  Experts caution that monkeypox is usually self-limiting and requires no special treatment.

One of the drugs currently used to treat severe cases of monkeypox is tecavire, an antiviral drug used to treat smallpox, which was licensed by the European Medical Association (EMA) for monkeypox in 2022. But it is not widely used yet.

  "At present, there is no special monkeypox vaccine in my country. Although the smallpox vaccine can provide 85% immune protection against monkeypox, the citizens born after 1981 in my country have basically not been vaccinated against smallpox, and the smallpox vaccine is currently unavailable on the market. Due to the current low risk of monkeypox infection among the general population, WHO does not recommend large-scale vaccination of monkeypox." Li Linghua, director of the Center for Infectious Diseases at the Eighth Hospital Affiliated to Guangzhou Medical University, said that at present, my country's prevention and control of monkeypox mainly focuses on Focus on addressing the risk of importation of monkeypox outbreaks.

Ordinary residents should not be too nervous

  At present, the first case in China was found during the quarantine period, and there is no social activity trajectory, and the risk of epidemic transmission is low.

Guangdong CDC reminded that since monkeypox mainly has a certain risk of infection among contacts, residents do not need to be overly nervous, just maintain good hygiene habits.

  In order to prevent monkeypox, Guangdong CDC recommends that returnees do self-health monitoring within 21 days of entry.

If you have contact history and exposure history of suspicious animals and people or monkeypox cases abroad, you should take the initiative to contact the local medical and disease control institutions for consultation and report; if you have symptoms such as fever and rash, you should report to medical personnel or go to a regular The hospital seeks medical treatment as soon as possible, and takes the initiative to inform the receiving doctor of the overseas travel history to assist in diagnosis and treatment.

In addition to paying attention to the above matters, those who are about to return to China must cooperate with the customs to take the initiative to report when entering the health declaration.

  Those who are traveling or living in affected countries should pay attention to the monkeypox epidemic information in the countries where they are located.

Avoid contact with rodents and primates (including animal blood and meat) and must be cooked thoroughly before consumption.

If you must come into contact with a monkeypox patient, you should avoid close physical contact, avoid having sex with a suspected infected person, avoid sharing household items, and take personal protection when looking after or visiting the patient.

Pay attention to good hand hygiene and wash your hands under running water with soap and hand sanitizer in time.

  Those who plan to go abroad in the near future should pay close attention to the monkeypox epidemic in the destination country, learn about monkeypox prevention and treatment as soon as possible, and seek medical attention in time if symptoms such as unexplained rash appear.

  Yangcheng Evening News reporter Liu Xinyu Zhang Hua correspondent Guangdong CDC Liu Qisha